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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Nkt 18II

Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Anonymous Poems, Nóregs konungatal 18’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 773-4.

Anonymous PoemsNóregs konungatal

Urðut * góð
í Gaulardal
Eireks fǫður,
þás Karkr þræll
knífi meitti
af Hôkoni.

Ævilok {fǫður Eireks} urðut * góð í Gaulardal, þás Karkr þræll meitti {hattarstall} af Hôkoni knífi.

The death {of Eiríkr’s father} [= Hákon] did not turn out well in Gauldalen, when Karkr the slave sliced {the hat-support} [HEAD] off Hákon with a knife.

Mss: Flat(144va)

Readings: [1] Urðut *: urðu ei Flat

Editions: Skj AI, 582, Skj BI, 578, Skald I, 280-1; Flat 1860-8, II, 522.

Notes: [All]: Hákon jarl was killed by his slave, Karkr, in 995 when they were hiding beneath a pigsty at the farm Romol near the river Gaula, across from Melhus, Trøndelag. See Theodoricus (MHN 18), HN (MHN 115), Ágr (ÍF 29, 17), Fsk (ÍF 29, 139), ÓTHkr (ÍF 26, 293-8). — [1] urðut * (3rd pers. pl. pret. indic.) ‘did not turn out’: Flat’s urðu ei ‘became not’ (late and unmetrical) has been emended to urðut with enclitic negation (see st. 6/2). — [3] ævilok ‘death’: Lit. ‘life-closures’. This is n. pl., which accounts for the pl. form of urðut ‘became not’ (l. 1). See also st. 53/3 below.


  1. Bibliography
  2. Skald = Kock, Ernst Albin, ed. 1946-50. Den norsk-isländska skaldediktningen. 2 vols. Lund: Gleerup.
  3. Ágr = [Anonymous] Ágrip af Nóregs konunga sögum.
  4. Flat 1860-8 = Gudbrand Vigfusson [Guðbrandur Vigfússon] and C. R. Unger, eds. 1860-8. Flateyjarbók. En samling af norske konge-sagaer med indskudte mindre fortællinger om begivenheder i og udenfor Norge samt annaler. 3 vols. Christiania (Oslo): Malling.
  5. MHN = Storm, Gustav, ed. 1880. Monumenta historica Norvegiæ: Latinske kildeskrifter til Norges historie i middelalderen. Kristiania (Oslo): Brøgger. Rpt. 1973. Oslo: Aas & Wahl.
  6. ÍF 26-8 = Heimskringla. Ed. Bjarni Aðalbjarnarson. 1941-51.
  7. HN = Historia Norwegiæ. In MHN 69-124.
  8. ÍF 29 = Ágrip af Nóregskonunga sǫgum; Fagrskinna—Nóregs konungatal. Ed. Bjarni Einarsson. 1985.
  9. Theodoricus = Theodrici monachi historia de antiquitate regum Norwagiensium. In MHN 1-68.
  10. Internal references
  11. Diana Whaley 2012, ‘Fagrskinna (Fsk)’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. clix-clxi.

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