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skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Nkt 10II

Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Anonymous Poems, Nóregs konungatal 10’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 768-9.

Anonymous PoemsNóregs konungatal
91011

Tók ‘received’

2. taka (verb): take

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jǫfursnafni ‘the royal title’

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blóðøx ‘blóðøx’

blóðøx (noun f.; °·øxar/exar/axar, acc. ·øxi/exi/ǫx): blood-axe

notes

[3] blóðøx ‘(“Blood-axe”)’: According to Ágr (ÍF 29, 7), Eiríkr earned this nickname because he killed his brothers, and Theodoricus (MHN 7) gives his nickname as ‘Brothers’ Bane’ (fratrum interfector). ‘Blood-axe’ is also recorded in HN (blothoex, id est sanguinea securis; MHN 104). Fsk (ÍF 29, 79) tells us that Eiríkr acquired the nickname from his viking raids in the west.

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vígfimr ‘Battle-swift’

vígfimr (adj.): battle-skilled

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alls ‘altogether’

allr (adj.): all

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áðr ‘before’

áðr (adv.; °//): before

[9] áðr *: áðr an Flat

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* ‘’

(non-lexical)

[9] áðr *: áðr an Flat

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vinsæll ‘the popular’

vinsæll (adj.): popular

kennings

vinsæll einkafóstri Aðalsteins
‘the popular only foster-son of Æthelstan ’
   = Hákon

the popular only foster-son of Æthelstan → Hákon
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vestan ‘from the west’

vestan (prep.): from the west

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Aðalsteins ‘of Æthelstan’

Aðalsteinn (noun m.): [Æthelstan]

kennings

vinsæll einkafóstri Aðalsteins
‘the popular only foster-son of Æthelstan ’
   = Hákon

the popular only foster-son of Æthelstan → Hákon
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einkafóstri ‘only foster-son’

einkafóstri (noun m.): [only foster-son]

kennings

vinsæll einkafóstri Aðalsteins
‘the popular only foster-son of Æthelstan ’
   = Hákon

the popular only foster-son of Æthelstan → Hákon
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halfrar ‘for half’

halfr (adj.): half

[14] halfrar: halfar Flat

notes

[14] halfrar (f. gen. sg.) ‘half’: Halfar (f. nom./acc. pl.; so Flat) is ungrammatical and has been emended to agree in case and number with erfðar (f. gen. sg.) ‘inheritance’ (l. 16). Kock (NN §2119 Anm.) takes the word as a noun rather than as an adj. and suggests the emendation hǫlfu (f. gen. sg.) ‘the half’.

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allrar ‘of the whole’

allr (adj.): all

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Interactive view: tap on words in the text for notes and glosses

According to Ágr (ÍF 29, 7), Eiríkr ruled five years before his exile to England (including the years of joint rule with his father Haraldr). Theodoricus (MHN 7) gives three years, and HN (MHN 105) has one year. See Ólafía Einarsdóttir 1964, 174-6. — [11]: Æthelstan (Aðalsteinn) was king of England (r. 924-39) and Hákon Haraldsson’s foster-father.

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