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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Mv III 8VII

Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2007, ‘Anonymous Poems, Máríuvísur III 8’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 723-4.

Anonymous PoemsMáríuvísur III
789

Kvíðir ‘worries’

3. kvíða (verb): fear

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kvala ‘torment’

kvǫl (noun f.; °-ar; -ar/-ir): torment, torture < kvalanauð (noun f.)

notes

[1] kvalanauð ‘torment-distress’: This refers to the torments of hell that the cleric would undergo after death on account of his sins.

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nauð ‘distress’

neyð (noun f.; °dat. -): need, distress < kvalanauð (noun f.)

notes

[1] kvalanauð ‘torment-distress’: This refers to the torments of hell that the cleric would undergo after death on account of his sins.

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sterk ‘grievous’

sterkr (adj.): strong

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mær ‘Virgin’

mær (noun f.; °meyjar, dat. meyju; meyjar): maiden

[5] mær: so 1032ˣ, om. 721

notes

[5] mær ‘Virgin’: The word is missing in 721 but it is added in the margin in 1032ˣ in lighter ink. There is no open space in 721, but the l. lacks an alliterative stave and a syllable. The word may be a conjecture by ÁM, and it makes the l. unmetrical (three internal rhymes). Mey ‘Virgin’ would be better (so Sperber), but it repeats mey ‘Virgin’ in l. 8.

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Máría ‘Mary’

María (noun f.): Mary

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eigi ‘do not’

3. eigi (adv.): not

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dug* ‘help’

duga (verb; °dugir; dugði; dugat): help, befit

[7] dug*: dugar 721

notes

[7] dug* drótt (imp.; f. dat. sg.) ‘help your followers’: The ms. has dugar (m. gen. sg.) ‘of courage, strength’. Drótt dugar ‘retinue, people, followers of courage, strength’ does not make any sense. Skj B emends to er dugar drótt, which is translated as som hjælper menneskene ‘who helps people’. However, the verb duga ‘help’ is a weak verb of class 4, and the 3rd pers. sg. pres. form is dugir (so Skald). See also st. 28/3-4 below (muntu duga dýru fólki ‘you will help precious people’). Wrightson retains dugar and notes that it is an unusual form of the pres. indic. She translates the phrase drótt dugar as ‘the company (of angels) will help’, which, aside from the problematic form dugar, makes little sense in the present context. For the imp. dug ‘help’ see ANG §538.4. Cf. Mar (1871, 605): þik bid ek hialpa mier ‘I ask you to help me’.

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drótt ‘followers’

1. drótt (noun f.): troop

notes

[7] dug* drótt (imp.; f. dat. sg.) ‘help your followers’: The ms. has dugar (m. gen. sg.) ‘of courage, strength’. Drótt dugar ‘retinue, people, followers of courage, strength’ does not make any sense. Skj B emends to er dugar drótt, which is translated as som hjælper menneskene ‘who helps people’. However, the verb duga ‘help’ is a weak verb of class 4, and the 3rd pers. sg. pres. form is dugir (so Skald). See also st. 28/3-4 below (muntu duga dýru fólki ‘you will help precious people’). Wrightson retains dugar and notes that it is an unusual form of the pres. indic. She translates the phrase drótt dugar as ‘the company (of angels) will help’, which, aside from the problematic form dugar, makes little sense in the present context. For the imp. dug ‘help’ see ANG §538.4. Cf. Mar (1871, 605): þik bid ek hialpa mier ‘I ask you to help me’.

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hier ‘here’

hér (adv.): here

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guðs ‘of God’

1. guð (noun m.; °***guðrs, guðis, gus): (Christian) God

kennings

mey guðs;
‘Virgin of God; ’
   = Mary

Virgin of God; → Mary
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mey ‘Virgin’

mær (noun f.; °meyjar, dat. meyju; meyjar): maiden

kennings

mey guðs;
‘Virgin of God; ’
   = Mary

Virgin of God; → Mary
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