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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Mv III 4VII

Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2007, ‘Anonymous Poems, Máríuvísur III 4’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 720-1.

Anonymous PoemsMáríuvísur III

Rítar gjörðiz ranglátr
rennir við yfirmenn;
hjart varð af sökum sárt;
siðir spillaz þar við.
Kvennaástin kvelr hann
— klerkum er það mein — sterk;
var hann ór viti nær
vífa fyrir gleðilíf.

{Rennir rítar} gjörðiz ranglátr við yfirmenn; hjart varð sárt af sökum; siðir spillaz þar við. Sterk kvennaástin kvelr hann; það er mein klerkum; hann var nær ór viti fyrir gleðilíf vífa.

{The speeder of the shield} [WARRIOR] became unjust to his superiors; the heart became wounded by sins; morals are destroyed by that. The strong love of women torments him; that is a harm to clerics; he was almost out of his wits because of a life of pleasure with women.

Mss: 721(15v-16r), 1032ˣ(144v)

Readings: [1] Rítar: ‘Rítur’ 721    [3] hjart (‘hjarṭạð̣’): so 1032ˣ, ‘hjart[...]’ 721    [6] það: so 1032ˣ, þar 721

Editions: Skj AII, 496, Skj BII, 539, Skald II, 295; Kahle 1898, 43, 100, Sperber 1911, 15-16, 64-5, Wrightson 2001, 68.

Notes: [1] rítar (f. gen. sg.) ‘of the shield’: The emendation is necessary to provide a determinant in the kenning for ‘man’ (rítr is nom. or acc. pl.). Wrightson suggests that rítr could be gen. sg. (the noun is a f. consonant stem; see ANG §413), but the gen. sg. ending -ar is ensured elsewhere by the metre (e.g. Mv I 21). — [6] það ‘that’: The 721 reading þar ‘there’ makes no sense in this context. Other eds resolve the abbreviation in 721 as það ‘that’.


  1. Bibliography
  2. Skald = Kock, Ernst Albin, ed. 1946-50. Den norsk-isländska skaldediktningen. 2 vols. Lund: Gleerup.
  3. ANG = Noreen, Adolf. 1923. Altnordische Grammatik I: Altisländische und altnorwegische Grammatik (Laut- und Flexionslehre) unter Berücksichtigung des Urnordischen. 4th edn. Halle: Niemeyer. 1st edn. 1884. 5th unrev. edn. 1970. Tübingen: Niemeyer.
  4. Sperber, Hans, ed. 1911. Sechs isländische Gedichte legendarischen Inhalts. Uppsala Universitets årsskrift, filosofi, språkvetenskap och historiska vetenskaper 2. Uppsala: Akademische Buchdruckerei Edv. Berling.
  5. Wrightson, Kellinde, ed. 2001. Fourteenth-Century Icelandic Verse on the Virgin Mary: Drápa af Maríugrát, Vitnisvísur af Maríu, Maríuvísur I-III. Viking Society for Northern Research Text Series 14. University College London: Viking Society for Northern Research.
  6. Kahle, Bernhard, ed. 1898. Isländische geistliche Dichtungen des ausgehenden Mittelalters. Heidelberg: Winter.
  7. Internal references
  8. Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2007, ‘Anonymous Poems, Máríuvísur I 21’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 693-4.

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