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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Mv III 25VII

Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2007, ‘Anonymous Poems, Máríuvísur III 25’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 734-5.

Anonymous PoemsMáríuvísur III
242526

Göfugligt ‘The glorious’

gǫfugligr (adj.): glorious

kennings

Göfugligt víf guðs
‘The glorious wife of God ’
   = Mary

The glorious wife of God → Mary
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guðs ‘of God’

1. guð (noun m.; °***guðrs, guðis, gus): (Christian) God

kennings

Göfugligt víf guðs
‘The glorious wife of God ’
   = Mary

The glorious wife of God → Mary

notes

[1] víf guðs ‘wife of God’: For an analysis of such references to the Virgin Mary, see Schottmann 1973, 92-4.

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víf ‘wife’

víf (noun n.): woman, wife

kennings

Göfugligt víf guðs
‘The glorious wife of God ’
   = Mary

The glorious wife of God → Mary

notes

[1] víf guðs ‘wife of God’: For an analysis of such references to the Virgin Mary, see Schottmann 1973, 92-4.

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giefr ‘grants’

gefa (verb): give

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‘according to’

3. at (prep.): at, to

[3] (‘ạṭ’): so 1032ˣ, ‘[...]’ 721

notes

[3] hófi ‘according to his [the cleric’s] ability’: The prep. ‘with’ (‘ạṭ’ in 1032ˣ) is conjectural, and the phrase is difficult to translate in this context (see NN §1706). Skj B and Skald both supply af ‘from’ rather than ‘according to’, and read med mådehold ‘with moderation’ (so Skj B) or av nåd ‘from mercy’ (so NN §1706). Wrightson translates it as ‘moderately’. The corresponding place in Mar (1871, 607-8) reads as follows: Nu huerf aptr til þins likamaok hygg at uanduirkuliga, huersu þier hæfir að lifa ‘Now return to your body … and think about it carefully, how it behoves you to live’.

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hófi ‘ability’

2. hóf (noun n.; °-s; gen. -a): moderation, reason

notes

[3] hófi ‘according to his [the cleric’s] ability’: The prep. ‘with’ (‘ạṭ’ in 1032ˣ) is conjectural, and the phrase is difficult to translate in this context (see NN §1706). Skj B and Skald both supply af ‘from’ rather than ‘according to’, and read med mådehold ‘with moderation’ (so Skj B) or av nåd ‘from mercy’ (so NN §1706). Wrightson translates it as ‘moderately’. The corresponding place in Mar (1871, 607-8) reads as follows: Nu huerf aptr til þins likamaok hygg at uanduirkuliga, huersu þier hæfir að lifa ‘Now return to your body … and think about it carefully, how it behoves you to live’.

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undir ‘in accordance with’

undir (prep.): under

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sátt ‘the reconciliation’

sátt (noun f.; °-ar; -ir): settlement

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sættandi ‘reconciling’

sættandi (noun m.): reconciler

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fljóð* ‘lady’

fljóð (noun n.): woman

[6] fljóð*: fljóðið 721

notes

[6] fljóð* ‘lady’: So Skald. The ms. reading (fljóðið ‘the lady’) is unmetrical, because the word in penultimate position must be monosyllabic or consist of two short syllables.

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mætt ‘the splendid’

mega (verb): may, might

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rietti ‘should mend’

4. rétta (verb): set right

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rausnar ‘of esteem’

1. rausn (noun f.): magnificence

notes

[8] lausn rausnar ‘redemption of esteem’: For rausn ‘esteem’ see Fritzner: rausn 1. Skj B takes this as a cpd rausnarlausn ‘splendid redemption’ whose parts are separated by tmesis. Wrightson treats rausnar (f. gen. sg.) as an otherwise unattested adv. ‘splendidly’.

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lausn ‘redemption’

lausn (noun f.; °-ar; -ir/-ar (RbHM (*1315)³ 113²‡)): liberation, redemption

notes

[8] lausn rausnar ‘redemption of esteem’: For rausn ‘esteem’ see Fritzner: rausn 1. Skj B takes this as a cpd rausnarlausn ‘splendid redemption’ whose parts are separated by tmesis. Wrightson treats rausnar (f. gen. sg.) as an otherwise unattested adv. ‘splendidly’.

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