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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Mv III 16VII

Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2007, ‘Anonymous Poems, Máríuvísur III 16’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 727-8.

Anonymous PoemsMáríuvísur III
151617

Eg ‘I’

ek (pron.; °mín, dat. mér, acc. mik): I, me

notes

[1-2] eg mun eigi þræta það við þig ‘I shall not argue that with you’: Cf. Mar (1871, 606): þat er eigi vidrkvæmiligt, at eg disputera uid ydr leingi ‘it is not seemly, that I dispute with you for long’.

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mun ‘shall’

munu (verb): will, must

notes

[1-2] eg mun eigi þræta það við þig ‘I shall not argue that with you’: Cf. Mar (1871, 606): þat er eigi vidrkvæmiligt, at eg disputera uid ydr leingi ‘it is not seemly, that I dispute with you for long’.

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eigi ‘not’

3. eigi (adv.): not

notes

[1-2] eg mun eigi þræta það við þig ‘I shall not argue that with you’: Cf. Mar (1871, 606): þat er eigi vidrkvæmiligt, at eg disputera uid ydr leingi ‘it is not seemly, that I dispute with you for long’.

Close

það ‘that’

1. sá (pron.; °gen. þess, dat. þeim, acc. þann; f. sú, gen. þeirrar, acc. þá; n. þat, dat. því; pl. m. þeir, f. þǽ---): that (one), those

notes

[1] það við þig ‘that with you’: We should have expected a short disyllabic word instead of the two words það við ‘that with’ (it is unlikely that the enclitic prep. við ‘with’ could carry stress). — [1-2] eg mun eigi þræta það við þig ‘I shall not argue that with you’: Cf. Mar (1871, 606): þat er eigi vidrkvæmiligt, at eg disputera uid ydr leingi ‘it is not seemly, that I dispute with you for long’.

Close

það ‘that’

1. sá (pron.; °gen. þess, dat. þeim, acc. þann; f. sú, gen. þeirrar, acc. þá; n. þat, dat. því; pl. m. þeir, f. þǽ---): that (one), those

notes

[1] það við þig ‘that with you’: We should have expected a short disyllabic word instead of the two words það við ‘that with’ (it is unlikely that the enclitic prep. við ‘with’ could carry stress). — [1-2] eg mun eigi þræta það við þig ‘I shall not argue that with you’: Cf. Mar (1871, 606): þat er eigi vidrkvæmiligt, at eg disputera uid ydr leingi ‘it is not seemly, that I dispute with you for long’.

Close

við ‘with’

2. við (prep.): with, against

notes

[1] það við þig ‘that with you’: We should have expected a short disyllabic word instead of the two words það við ‘that with’ (it is unlikely that the enclitic prep. við ‘with’ could carry stress). — [1-2] eg mun eigi þræta það við þig ‘I shall not argue that with you’: Cf. Mar (1871, 606): þat er eigi vidrkvæmiligt, at eg disputera uid ydr leingi ‘it is not seemly, that I dispute with you for long’.

Close

við ‘with’

2. við (prep.): with, against

notes

[1] það við þig ‘that with you’: We should have expected a short disyllabic word instead of the two words það við ‘that with’ (it is unlikely that the enclitic prep. við ‘with’ could carry stress). — [1-2] eg mun eigi þræta það við þig ‘I shall not argue that with you’: Cf. Mar (1871, 606): þat er eigi vidrkvæmiligt, at eg disputera uid ydr leingi ‘it is not seemly, that I dispute with you for long’.

Close

þig ‘you’

þú (pron.; °gen. þín, dat. þér, acc. þik): you

notes

[1] það við þig ‘that with you’: We should have expected a short disyllabic word instead of the two words það við ‘that with’ (it is unlikely that the enclitic prep. við ‘with’ could carry stress). — [1-2] eg mun eigi þræta það við þig ‘I shall not argue that with you’: Cf. Mar (1871, 606): þat er eigi vidrkvæmiligt, at eg disputera uid ydr leingi ‘it is not seemly, that I dispute with you for long’.

Close

þig ‘you’

þú (pron.; °gen. þín, dat. þér, acc. þik): you

notes

[1] það við þig ‘that with you’: We should have expected a short disyllabic word instead of the two words það við ‘that with’ (it is unlikely that the enclitic prep. við ‘with’ could carry stress). — [1-2] eg mun eigi þræta það við þig ‘I shall not argue that with you’: Cf. Mar (1871, 606): þat er eigi vidrkvæmiligt, at eg disputera uid ydr leingi ‘it is not seemly, that I dispute with you for long’.

Close

þræta ‘argue’

2. þræta (verb): argue

notes

[1-2] eg mun eigi þræta það við þig ‘I shall not argue that with you’: Cf. Mar (1871, 606): þat er eigi vidrkvæmiligt, at eg disputera uid ydr leingi ‘it is not seemly, that I dispute with you for long’.

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sæt ‘the sweet’

sœtr (adj.): sweet

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guðs ‘of God’

1. guð (noun m.; °***guðrs, guðis, gus): (Christian) God

notes

[3-4] banablóð guðs hefir leyst hann frá banni ‘the death-blood of God has delivered him from damnation’: Cf. Mar (1871, 606): er leystr uar med blodi sonar mins ‘who was delivered by the blood of my son’.

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hefir ‘has’

hafa (verb): have

notes

[3-4] banablóð guðs hefir leyst hann frá banni ‘the death-blood of God has delivered him from damnation’: Cf. Mar (1871, 606): er leystr uar med blodi sonar mins ‘who was delivered by the blood of my son’.

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bana ‘the death’

bani (noun m.; °-a; -ar): death, killer < banablóð (noun n.): °blood shed at (sby’s) death; of the blood of Jesus and of the blood of martyrs)

notes

[3-4] banablóð guðs hefir leyst hann frá banni ‘the death-blood of God has delivered him from damnation’: Cf. Mar (1871, 606): er leystr uar med blodi sonar mins ‘who was delivered by the blood of my son’.

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blóð ‘blood’

blóð (noun n.; °-s): blood < banablóð (noun n.): °blood shed at (sby’s) death; of the blood of Jesus and of the blood of martyrs)

notes

[3-4] banablóð guðs hefir leyst hann frá banni ‘the death-blood of God has delivered him from damnation’: Cf. Mar (1871, 606): er leystr uar med blodi sonar mins ‘who was delivered by the blood of my son’.

Close

banni ‘damnation’

bann (noun n.; °-s; *-): ban

notes

[3-4] banablóð guðs hefir leyst hann frá banni ‘the death-blood of God has delivered him from damnation’: Cf. Mar (1871, 606): er leystr uar med blodi sonar mins ‘who was delivered by the blood of my son’.

Close

frá ‘from’

frá (prep.): from

notes

[3-4] banablóð guðs hefir leyst hann frá banni ‘the death-blood of God has delivered him from damnation’: Cf. Mar (1871, 606): er leystr uar med blodi sonar mins ‘who was delivered by the blood of my son’.

Close

leyst ‘delivered’

leysa (verb): release, loosen, redeem

notes

[3-4] banablóð guðs hefir leyst hann frá banni ‘the death-blood of God has delivered him from damnation’: Cf. Mar (1871, 606): er leystr uar med blodi sonar mins ‘who was delivered by the blood of my son’.

Close

hann ‘him’

hann (pron.; °gen. hans, dat. honum; f. hon, gen. hennar, acc. hana): he, she, it, they, them...

notes

[3-4] banablóð guðs hefir leyst hann frá banni ‘the death-blood of God has delivered him from damnation’: Cf. Mar (1871, 606): er leystr uar med blodi sonar mins ‘who was delivered by the blood of my son’.

Close

mens ‘of the neck-ring’

2. men (noun n.; °; dat. menjum): neck-ring

kennings

meiðs mens
‘of the tree of the neck-ring ’
   = MAN

the tree of the neck-ring → MAN

notes

[5] meiðs mens ‘of the tree of the neck-ring [MAN]’: Wrightson retains meið (m. acc. sg.) ‘tree’ and treats meið mens ‘tree of the necklace’ as a parallel construction to klerks sál ‘the cleric’s soul’. That requires that býð ‘summon’ is taken in the meaning ‘offer’ (which takes the acc. rather than the dat.; however, Wrightson still reads ‘summon’) and leaves því máli (n. dat. sg.) ‘that case’ as an unexplained adv. translated as ‘in this case’. It is likely that the reference to the cleric and his soul as two separate entities reflects the medieval notion of the separation of the soul of a dead person from his body.

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meiðs ‘of the tree’

meiðr (noun m.): beam, tree

[5] meiðs: meið 721

kennings

meiðs mens
‘of the tree of the neck-ring ’
   = MAN

the tree of the neck-ring → MAN

notes

[5] meiðs mens ‘of the tree of the neck-ring [MAN]’: Wrightson retains meið (m. acc. sg.) ‘tree’ and treats meið mens ‘tree of the necklace’ as a parallel construction to klerks sál ‘the cleric’s soul’. That requires that býð ‘summon’ is taken in the meaning ‘offer’ (which takes the acc. rather than the dat.; however, Wrightson still reads ‘summon’) and leaves því máli (n. dat. sg.) ‘that case’ as an unexplained adv. translated as ‘in this case’. It is likely that the reference to the cleric and his soul as two separate entities reflects the medieval notion of the separation of the soul of a dead person from his body.

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‘’

3. at (prep.): at, to

notes

[7] að sönnu ‘truly’: Skj B and Wrightson take this adverbial phrase with the last cl. of the helmingr. That is possible, but less desirable from the point of view of w.o. (see NN §1702).

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sönnu ‘truly’

1. sannr (noun m.; °-s, dat. -i;): true

notes

[7] að sönnu ‘truly’: Skj B and Wrightson take this adverbial phrase with the last cl. of the helmingr. That is possible, but less desirable from the point of view of w.o. (see NN §1702).

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sier ‘sees’

2. sjá (verb): see

notes

[8] hann sier, það er riett er ‘he sees what is right’: Cf. Mar (1871, 606): Sonr minn tynir alldri sinu rettlæti ‘My son never loses his righteousness’.

Close

hann ‘he’

hann (pron.; °gen. hans, dat. honum; f. hon, gen. hennar, acc. hana): he, she, it, they, them...

notes

[8] hann sier, það er riett er ‘he sees what is right’: Cf. Mar (1871, 606): Sonr minn tynir alldri sinu rettlæti ‘My son never loses his righteousness’.

Close

það ‘what’

1. sá (pron.; °gen. þess, dat. þeim, acc. þann; f. sú, gen. þeirrar, acc. þá; n. þat, dat. því; pl. m. þeir, f. þǽ---): that (one), those

notes

[8] hann sier, það er riett er ‘he sees what is right’: Cf. Mar (1871, 606): Sonr minn tynir alldri sinu rettlæti ‘My son never loses his righteousness’.

Close

er ‘’

2. er (conj.): who, which, when

notes

[8] hann sier, það er riett er ‘he sees what is right’: Cf. Mar (1871, 606): Sonr minn tynir alldri sinu rettlæti ‘My son never loses his righteousness’.

Close

riett ‘right’

3. réttr (adj.; °compar. -ari, superl. -astr): right, straight, direct

notes

[8] hann sier, það er riett er ‘he sees what is right’: Cf. Mar (1871, 606): Sonr minn tynir alldri sinu rettlæti ‘My son never loses his righteousness’.

Close

er ‘is’

2. vera (verb): be, is, was, were, are, am

notes

[8] hann sier, það er riett er ‘he sees what is right’: Cf. Mar (1871, 606): Sonr minn tynir alldri sinu rettlæti ‘My son never loses his righteousness’.

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