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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Mv II 20VII

Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2007, ‘Anonymous Poems, Máríuvísur II 20’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 714-15.

Anonymous PoemsMáríuvísur II
192021

alls ‘at all’

allr (adj.): all

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hvessu ‘how’

hvat (pron.): what

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móðir ‘the mother’

móðir (noun f.): mother

kennings

móðir guðs míns
‘the mother of my God ’
   = Mary

the mother of my God → Mary

notes

[3] móðir guðs míns ‘the mother of my God [= Mary]’: Skj B and Skald emend to móður (f. acc. sg.) ‘mother’ and take göfugt sprund ‘woman’ as the subject of the cl. (‘how the glorious woman could honour the mother of my God’). If we assume that Mary honoured the woman by allowing her to return to her husband with the living child (cf. 16/5), that emendation is unnecessary.

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míns ‘of my’

minn (pron.; °f. mín, n. mitt): my

kennings

móðir guðs míns
‘the mother of my God ’
   = Mary

the mother of my God → Mary

notes

[3] móðir guðs míns ‘the mother of my God [= Mary]’: Skj B and Skald emend to móður (f. acc. sg.) ‘mother’ and take göfugt sprund ‘woman’ as the subject of the cl. (‘how the glorious woman could honour the mother of my God’). If we assume that Mary honoured the woman by allowing her to return to her husband with the living child (cf. 16/5), that emendation is unnecessary.

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guðs ‘God’

1. guð (noun m.; °***guðrs, guðis, gus): (Christian) God

kennings

móðir guðs míns
‘the mother of my God ’
   = Mary

the mother of my God → Mary

notes

[3] móðir guðs míns ‘the mother of my God [= Mary]’: Skj B and Skald emend to móður (f. acc. sg.) ‘mother’ and take göfugt sprund ‘woman’ as the subject of the cl. (‘how the glorious woman could honour the mother of my God’). If we assume that Mary honoured the woman by allowing her to return to her husband with the living child (cf. 16/5), that emendation is unnecessary.

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heiðra ‘honour’

heiðra (verb): honour

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föður ‘father’

faðir (noun m.): father

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hrings ‘of the ring’

1. hringr (noun m.; °-s, dat. -; -ar): ring; sword

kennings

hlíð hrings
‘the slope of the ring ’
   = WOMAN

the slope of the ring → WOMAN
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hlíð ‘the slope’

1. hlíð (noun f.; °-ar; -ir): slope

kennings

hlíð hrings
‘the slope of the ring ’
   = WOMAN

the slope of the ring → WOMAN
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færði ‘brought’

2. fœra (verb): bring

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fjörvi ‘of life’

fjǫr (noun n.): life

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fjogur ‘for two’

fjórir (num. cardinal): four

notes

[7] fjogur dægr (n. acc. pl.) ‘for two days and nights’: Lit. ‘for four periods of twelve hours’. Dægr refers to the period of one night or one day (see Fritzner: dægr), and the mother brought the child to the church on the second day after his death. For the form fjogur (n. acc. pl.) ‘four’, see ANG §448. Skj B and Skald read ‘fjǫgr’, a form that is not clear (Sperber has fjǫgur and Wrightson fjögur).

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dægr ‘days and nights’

dœgr (noun n.; °-s; -): day and night; 24h period

notes

[7] fjogur dægr (n. acc. pl.) ‘for two days and nights’: Lit. ‘for four periods of twelve hours’. Dægr refers to the period of one night or one day (see Fritzner: dægr), and the mother brought the child to the church on the second day after his death. For the form fjogur (n. acc. pl.) ‘four’, see ANG §448. Skj B and Skald read ‘fjǫgr’, a form that is not clear (Sperber has fjǫgur and Wrightson fjögur).

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stirðr ‘stiff’

stirðr (adj.): stiff

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