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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Mv II 16VII

Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2007, ‘Anonymous Poems, Máríuvísur II 16’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 712.

Anonymous PoemsMáríuvísur II
151617

Líknarinnar ‘of compassion’

líkn (noun f.; °-ar; gen. -a): grace, mercy

kennings

‘Lofað tákn líknarinnar,
‘‘Praised sign of compassion, ’
   = Mary

‘Praised sign of compassion, → Mary

notes

[1] tákn líknarinnar ‘sign of compassion [= Mary]’: For terms of this type, see Schottmann (1973, 66-7).

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lofað ‘Praised’

lofaðr (adj.): praised

[1] lofað: so 721, lofuð 713

kennings

‘Lofað tákn líknarinnar,
‘‘Praised sign of compassion, ’
   = Mary

‘Praised sign of compassion, → Mary

notes

[1] lofað ‘praised’: The adj. modifies tákn (n. nom. sg.) ‘sign’ and lofuð (so 713) is n. pl.

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tákn ‘sign’

tákn (noun n.; °-s; -): token

kennings

‘Lofað tákn líknarinnar,
‘‘Praised sign of compassion, ’
   = Mary

‘Praised sign of compassion, → Mary

notes

[1] tákn líknarinnar ‘sign of compassion [= Mary]’: For terms of this type, see Schottmann (1973, 66-7).

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hier ‘here’

hér (adv.): here

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það ‘that’

1. sá (pron.; °gen. þess, dat. þeim, acc. þann; f. sú, gen. þeirrar, acc. þá; n. þat, dat. því; pl. m. þeir, f. þǽ---): that (one), those

notes

[3] það er minning ‘that is a remembrance’: The syntax of ll. 3-4 is difficult. In the present edn, það er minning ‘that is a remembrance’ is taken as a separate cl., followed by another main cl. Skj B treats ll. 3-4 as one cl., which is translated as det som din nåde skænkede mit legeme som minde (?) ‘that which your mercy gave my body as a memory (?)’. The syntax of that cl. is unclear. Presumably minning ‘memory’ is taken as a dat. (though one would expect a -u ending), but it is difficult to see what type of construction that could be. Wrightson gives the translation ‘which is a remembrance your mercy gave to my flesh’. Her reading presupposes a relative cl. without rel. particle and dem. (‘a remembrance which your mercy gave to my flesh’). Because the l. starts with an unstressed syllable, Skald reverses the initial w.o. (see Introduction above), but reads minnig er þat, where the adj. minnig (f. nom. sg.) ‘of good memory’ replaces the noun minning ‘remembrance, memory’ (so also Sperber), modifying miskunn (f. nom. sg.) ‘mercy’: ‘which your mercy of good memory gave to my flesh’.

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er ‘is’

2. vera (verb): be, is, was, were, are, am

notes

[3] það er minning ‘that is a remembrance’: The syntax of ll. 3-4 is difficult. In the present edn, það er minning ‘that is a remembrance’ is taken as a separate cl., followed by another main cl. Skj B treats ll. 3-4 as one cl., which is translated as det som din nåde skænkede mit legeme som minde (?) ‘that which your mercy gave my body as a memory (?)’. The syntax of that cl. is unclear. Presumably minning ‘memory’ is taken as a dat. (though one would expect a -u ending), but it is difficult to see what type of construction that could be. Wrightson gives the translation ‘which is a remembrance your mercy gave to my flesh’. Her reading presupposes a relative cl. without rel. particle and dem. (‘a remembrance which your mercy gave to my flesh’). Because the l. starts with an unstressed syllable, Skald reverses the initial w.o. (see Introduction above), but reads minnig er þat, where the adj. minnig (f. nom. sg.) ‘of good memory’ replaces the noun minning ‘remembrance, memory’ (so also Sperber), modifying miskunn (f. nom. sg.) ‘mercy’: ‘which your mercy of good memory gave to my flesh’.

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minning ‘a remembrance’

minning (noun f.): commemoration, remembrance

notes

[3] það er minning ‘that is a remembrance’: The syntax of ll. 3-4 is difficult. In the present edn, það er minning ‘that is a remembrance’ is taken as a separate cl., followed by another main cl. Skj B treats ll. 3-4 as one cl., which is translated as det som din nåde skænkede mit legeme som minde (?) ‘that which your mercy gave my body as a memory (?)’. The syntax of that cl. is unclear. Presumably minning ‘memory’ is taken as a dat. (though one would expect a -u ending), but it is difficult to see what type of construction that could be. Wrightson gives the translation ‘which is a remembrance your mercy gave to my flesh’. Her reading presupposes a relative cl. without rel. particle and dem. (‘a remembrance which your mercy gave to my flesh’). Because the l. starts with an unstressed syllable, Skald reverses the initial w.o. (see Introduction above), but reads minnig er þat, where the adj. minnig (f. nom. sg.) ‘of good memory’ replaces the noun minning ‘remembrance, memory’ (so also Sperber), modifying miskunn (f. nom. sg.) ‘mercy’: ‘which your mercy of good memory gave to my flesh’.

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minn ‘my’

minn (pron.; °f. mín, n. mitt): my

[5] minn heiðr: ‘[...]ieðr’ 721

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heiðr ‘honour’

1. heiðr (noun m.; °heiðrs/heiðar, dat. heiðri/heiðr): honour - gen. -rs

[5] minn heiðr: ‘[...]ieðr’ 721

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hefi ‘have’

hafa (verb): have

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máttu ‘you can’

mega (verb): may, might

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björt ‘bright’

bjartr (adj.; °compar. -ari, superl. -astr): bright

[7] björt: borið 721

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frúin ‘lady’

frú (noun f.): lady

[8] frúin: so 721, meyjan 713

notes

[8] frúin ‘the lady’: Meyjan ‘the Virgin’ (so 713) is syntactically possible, but unmetrical, because the word in penultimate position must be monosyllabic or consist of two short syllables.

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sæt ‘sweet’

sœtr (adj.): sweet

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