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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Mv II 1VII

Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2007, ‘Anonymous Poems, Máríuvísur II 1’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 702-3.

Anonymous PoemsMáríuvísur II
12

Dýrðar ‘of glory’

dýrð (noun f.; °-ar/-a(NoDipl(1279) 44²ˆ); -ir): glory

[1] Dýrðar: ‘[...]yrdar’ 721

kennings

Vörðr dóms dýrðar,
‘Guardian of the court of glory, ’
   = God

the court of glory, → HEAVEN
Guardian of the HEAVEN → God

notes

[1-2] vörðr dóms dýrðar, dróttinn ‘guardian of the court of glory [HEAVEN > = God (= Christ)], Lord’: It is also possible to construe these ll. as dróttinn dýrðar, vörðr dóms ‘Lord of glory [= God], guardian of judgement [= God].

Close

Dýrðar ‘of glory’

dýrð (noun f.; °-ar/-a(NoDipl(1279) 44²ˆ); -ir): glory

[1] Dýrðar: ‘[...]yrdar’ 721

kennings

Vörðr dóms dýrðar,
‘Guardian of the court of glory, ’
   = God

the court of glory, → HEAVEN
Guardian of the HEAVEN → God

notes

[1-2] vörðr dóms dýrðar, dróttinn ‘guardian of the court of glory [HEAVEN > = God (= Christ)], Lord’: It is also possible to construe these ll. as dróttinn dýrðar, vörðr dóms ‘Lord of glory [= God], guardian of judgement [= God].

Close

gief ‘grant’

gefa (verb): give

Close

dóms ‘of the court’

dómr (noun m.; °-s, dat. -i; -ar): judgement; court; -dom, -ness (suffix)

kennings

Vörðr dóms dýrðar,
‘Guardian of the court of glory, ’
   = God

the court of glory, → HEAVEN
Guardian of the HEAVEN → God

notes

[1-2] vörðr dóms dýrðar, dróttinn ‘guardian of the court of glory [HEAVEN > = God (= Christ)], Lord’: It is also possible to construe these ll. as dróttinn dýrðar, vörðr dóms ‘Lord of glory [= God], guardian of judgement [= God].

Close

dóms ‘of the court’

dómr (noun m.; °-s, dat. -i; -ar): judgement; court; -dom, -ness (suffix)

kennings

Vörðr dóms dýrðar,
‘Guardian of the court of glory, ’
   = God

the court of glory, → HEAVEN
Guardian of the HEAVEN → God

notes

[1-2] vörðr dóms dýrðar, dróttinn ‘guardian of the court of glory [HEAVEN > = God (= Christ)], Lord’: It is also possible to construe these ll. as dróttinn dýrðar, vörðr dóms ‘Lord of glory [= God], guardian of judgement [= God].

Close

vörðr ‘Guardian’

vǫrðr (noun m.; °varðar, dat. verði/vǫrð; verðir, acc. vǫrðu): guardian, defender

kennings

Vörðr dóms dýrðar,
‘Guardian of the court of glory, ’
   = God

the court of glory, → HEAVEN
Guardian of the HEAVEN → God

notes

[1-2] vörðr dóms dýrðar, dróttinn ‘guardian of the court of glory [HEAVEN > = God (= Christ)], Lord’: It is also possible to construe these ll. as dróttinn dýrðar, vörðr dóms ‘Lord of glory [= God], guardian of judgement [= God].

Close

dróttinn ‘Lord’

dróttinn (noun m.; °dróttins, dat. dróttni (drottini [$1049$]); dróttnar): lord, master

[2] dróttinn: dróttir 721

notes

[1-2] vörðr dóms dýrðar, dróttinn ‘guardian of the court of glory [HEAVEN > = God (= Christ)], Lord’: It is also possible to construe these ll. as dróttinn dýrðar, vörðr dóms ‘Lord of glory [= God], guardian of judgement [= God]. — [2] dróttinn ... gott ‘Lord ... good’: The irregular internal rhyme reflects the instability of vowel quantity during this period. For the sake of consistency, the [o:] in dróttinn is treated as long here and elsewhere in the poem.

Close

dróttinn ‘Lord’

dróttinn (noun m.; °dróttins, dat. dróttni (drottini [$1049$]); dróttnar): lord, master

[2] dróttinn: dróttir 721

notes

[1-2] vörðr dóms dýrðar, dróttinn ‘guardian of the court of glory [HEAVEN > = God (= Christ)], Lord’: It is also possible to construe these ll. as dróttinn dýrðar, vörðr dóms ‘Lord of glory [= God], guardian of judgement [= God]. — [2] dróttinn ... gott ‘Lord ... good’: The irregular internal rhyme reflects the instability of vowel quantity during this period. For the sake of consistency, the [o:] in dróttinn is treated as long here and elsewhere in the poem.

Close

alt ‘with everything’

allr (adj.): all

Close

gott ‘good’

góðr (adj.): good

notes

[2] dróttinn ... gott ‘Lord ... good’: The irregular internal rhyme reflects the instability of vowel quantity during this period. For the sake of consistency, the [o:] in dróttinn is treated as long here and elsewhere in the poem.

Close

bragar ‘to the poetic improvement [lit. poem’s’

bragr (noun m.; °-ar): poem, poetry < bragarbót (noun f.): °enhancement of poetry/poem; (name of) a verse-form in which the alliterating syllables in the 1st and 3rd lines are far apart but the syllables containing half-rhyme are separated by only one syllable

notes

[3] bragarbót ‘poetic improvement [lit. poem’s improvement]’: This is also the name of a verse-form in SnSt Ht 31III. That metre is a variant of dróttkvætt in which the alliterating staves in the odd ll. fall in positions one and five and the internal rhymes in positions three and five (see SnE 1999, 17). In the present context it denotes a good poem.

Close

bót ‘improvement]’

bót (noun f.; °-ar; bǿtr): compensation < bragarbót (noun f.): °enhancement of poetry/poem; (name of) a verse-form in which the alliterating syllables in the 1st and 3rd lines are far apart but the syllables containing half-rhyme are separated by only one syllable

notes

[3] bragarbót ‘poetic improvement [lit. poem’s improvement]’: This is also the name of a verse-form in SnSt Ht 31III. That metre is a variant of dróttkvætt in which the alliterating staves in the odd ll. fall in positions one and five and the internal rhymes in positions three and five (see SnE 1999, 17). In the present context it denotes a good poem.

Close

brögnum ‘men’

bragnar (noun m.): men, warriors

notes

[4] brögnum (m. dat. sg.) ‘men’: Kock (Skald; NN §1693) emends to bragnar (m. nom. pl.) ‘people’ as a subject for gjaldi (3rd pers. pl. pres. subj.) ‘give’.

Close

hier ‘here’

hér (adv.): here

Close

Móður ‘mother’

móðir (noun f.): mother

Close

minn ‘My’

minn (pron.; °f. mín, n. mitt): my

notes

[5] guð minn ‘my God’: This may refer to Christ rather than God the father, in line with the practice in Vitn, Mv I and Mv III; see Note to Mv I 1/5, 8.

Close

guð ‘God’

1. guð (noun m.; °***guðrs, guðis, gus): (Christian) God

notes

[5] guð minn ‘my God’: This may refer to Christ rather than God the father, in line with the practice in Vitn, Mv I and Mv III; see Note to Mv I 1/5, 8.

Close

megna ‘to glorify’

megna (verb): strengthen

notes

[6] megna ‘glorify’: The verb megna usually means ‘strengthen, increase’, but appears to be used here in the sense of Lat. magnificare ‘praise highly, esteem greatly’ (see NN §3350). Skj B and Wrightson treat the word as the adj. megna (f. acc. sg.) ‘powerful’, which is construed with jartegn (f. acc. sg.) ‘miracle’. That interpretation is less preferable because of the close proximity of the auxiliary vil ‘wish’ and megna (here: inf. ‘glorify’).

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segja ‘to tell’

segja (verb): say, tell

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