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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Mv I 28VII

Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2007, ‘Anonymous Poems, Máríuvísur I 28’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 698-9.

Anonymous PoemsMáríuvísur I

Lúta þier í þrautum
þjóðir, dróttins móðir;
bergr þú manni mörgum,
mest þá er þurfa flestir.
Aldri muntu eldi
enn vilja þann brenna
þinn, er þig hefir kunnað
þræl, Máría sæla.

Þjóðir lúta þier í þrautum, {móðir dróttins}; þú bergr mörgum manni, þá er flestir þurfa mest. Aldri muntu vilja þann þræl þinn, er hefir kunnað þig, enn brenna eldi, sæla Máría.

People bow down to you in distress [lit. distresses], {mother of the Lord} [= Mary]; you save many a person, when they [lit. most] need it the most. Never will you wish that servant of yours, who has known you, still to burn in fire, blessed Mary.

Mss: 721(13v), 1032ˣ(93v-94v)

Readings: [2] dróttins: so 1032ˣ, ‘d[...]in[...]’ 721    [5] eldi: so 1032ˣ, ‘el[...]i’ 721    [6] enn: so 1032ˣ, ‘[...]’ 721;    brenna: brenni 721    [8] sæla: ‘s[...]’ 721, ‘sæl...’ 1032ˣ

Editions: Skj AII, 491, Skj BII, 532, Skald II, 292; Kahle 1898, 37, 98, Sperber 1911, 7-8, 61, Wrightson 2001, 53.

Notes: [6] brenna (inf.) ‘to burn’: Brenni (3rd pers. sg. or pl. pres. subj.) ‘should burn’ (so both mss) is ungrammatical, because the verb is part of an acc. inf. construction with vilja ‘want’. — [8] sæla (f. nom. sg.) ‘blessed’: The last letters are torn off in 721, and 1032ˣ reads ‘sæl...’. For the weak adj. ending -a, see NS §50a.


  1. Bibliography
  2. Skald = Kock, Ernst Albin, ed. 1946-50. Den norsk-isländska skaldediktningen. 2 vols. Lund: Gleerup.
  3. Sperber, Hans, ed. 1911. Sechs isländische Gedichte legendarischen Inhalts. Uppsala Universitets årsskrift, filosofi, språkvetenskap och historiska vetenskaper 2. Uppsala: Akademische Buchdruckerei Edv. Berling.
  4. Wrightson, Kellinde, ed. 2001. Fourteenth-Century Icelandic Verse on the Virgin Mary: Drápa af Maríugrát, Vitnisvísur af Maríu, Maríuvísur I-III. Viking Society for Northern Research Text Series 14. University College London: Viking Society for Northern Research.
  5. NS = Nygaard, Marius. 1906. Norrøn syntax. Kristiania (Oslo): Aschehoug. Rpt. 1966.
  6. Kahle, Bernhard, ed. 1898. Isländische geistliche Dichtungen des ausgehenden Mittelalters. Heidelberg: Winter.

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