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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Mgr 9VII

Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2007, ‘Anonymous Poems, Drápa af Máríugrát 9’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 766.

Anonymous PoemsDrápa af Máríugrát
8910

sem ‘as well as’

sem (conj.): as, which

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brúðrin ‘bride’

brúðr (noun f.; °brúðar, dat. & acc. brúði; brúðir): woman, bride

kennings

Sæt brúðrin dróttins sætis dægra
‘The sweet bride of the lord of the seat of days and nights ’
   = Mary

the seat of days and nights → SKY/HEAVEN
the lord of the SKY/HEAVEN → God
The sweet bride of GOD → Mary
Close

sæt ‘The sweet’

sœtr (adj.): sweet

kennings

Sæt brúðrin dróttins sætis dægra
‘The sweet bride of the lord of the seat of days and nights ’
   = Mary

the seat of days and nights → SKY/HEAVEN
the lord of the SKY/HEAVEN → God
The sweet bride of GOD → Mary
Close

dróttins ‘of the lord’

dróttinn (noun m.; °dróttins, dat. dróttni (drottini [$1049$]); dróttnar): lord, master

[3] dróttins: ‘drotten’ 713

kennings

Sæt brúðrin dróttins sætis dægra
‘The sweet bride of the lord of the seat of days and nights ’
   = Mary

the seat of days and nights → SKY/HEAVEN
the lord of the SKY/HEAVEN → God
The sweet bride of GOD → Mary

notes

[3] dróttins (m. gen. sg.) ‘of the lord’: Dróttinn (m. nom. sg.) ‘lord’ (‘drotten’ 713) can only be construed as a form of address, which makes no sense in the present context. The kenning brúðrinn dróttins sætis dægra ‘the bride of the lord of the seat of days and nights’ (i.e. Mary) (ll. 2, 3, 4) is mirrored in the next helmingr: móðir siklings sunnu grundar ‘the mother of the ruler of the sun’s land’ [SKY/HEAVEN > = God (= Christ) > = Mary] (ll. 5-6). The emendation follows Skj B and Skald. Wrightson suggests dróttin (m. acc. sg.) ‘the lord’ as a parallel to munka gæti ‘the guardian of monks’ (i.e. Augustine) in l. 4. According to that interpretation, sætis dægra ‘of the seat of days and nights’ (i.e. ‘of heaven’, l. 4) functions as a determinant in a kenning for Mary with drotning ‘queen’ (l. 2) as the base-word. However, it is implausible that dróttinn ‘lord’ should be used to designate Augustine.

Close

dróttins ‘of the lord’

dróttinn (noun m.; °dróttins, dat. dróttni (drottini [$1049$]); dróttnar): lord, master

[3] dróttins: ‘drotten’ 713

kennings

Sæt brúðrin dróttins sætis dægra
‘The sweet bride of the lord of the seat of days and nights ’
   = Mary

the seat of days and nights → SKY/HEAVEN
the lord of the SKY/HEAVEN → God
The sweet bride of GOD → Mary

notes

[3] dróttins (m. gen. sg.) ‘of the lord’: Dróttinn (m. nom. sg.) ‘lord’ (‘drotten’ 713) can only be construed as a form of address, which makes no sense in the present context. The kenning brúðrinn dróttins sætis dægra ‘the bride of the lord of the seat of days and nights’ (i.e. Mary) (ll. 2, 3, 4) is mirrored in the next helmingr: móðir siklings sunnu grundar ‘the mother of the ruler of the sun’s land’ [SKY/HEAVEN > = God (= Christ) > = Mary] (ll. 5-6). The emendation follows Skj B and Skald. Wrightson suggests dróttin (m. acc. sg.) ‘the lord’ as a parallel to munka gæti ‘the guardian of monks’ (i.e. Augustine) in l. 4. According to that interpretation, sætis dægra ‘of the seat of days and nights’ (i.e. ‘of heaven’, l. 4) functions as a determinant in a kenning for Mary with drotning ‘queen’ (l. 2) as the base-word. However, it is implausible that dróttinn ‘lord’ should be used to designate Augustine.

Close

dægra ‘of days and nights’

dœgr (noun n.; °-s; -): day and night; 24h period

kennings

Sæt brúðrin dróttins sætis dægra
‘The sweet bride of the lord of the seat of days and nights ’
   = Mary

the seat of days and nights → SKY/HEAVEN
the lord of the SKY/HEAVEN → God
The sweet bride of GOD → Mary

notes

[4] dægra ‘of days and nights’: Dægr usually designates a twelve-hour period (night or day), but it could also refer to the entire 24 hours (day and night).

Close

dægra ‘of days and nights’

dœgr (noun n.; °-s; -): day and night; 24h period

kennings

Sæt brúðrin dróttins sætis dægra
‘The sweet bride of the lord of the seat of days and nights ’
   = Mary

the seat of days and nights → SKY/HEAVEN
the lord of the SKY/HEAVEN → God
The sweet bride of GOD → Mary

notes

[4] dægra ‘of days and nights’: Dægr usually designates a twelve-hour period (night or day), but it could also refer to the entire 24 hours (day and night).

Close

dægra ‘of days and nights’

dœgr (noun n.; °-s; -): day and night; 24h period

kennings

Sæt brúðrin dróttins sætis dægra
‘The sweet bride of the lord of the seat of days and nights ’
   = Mary

the seat of days and nights → SKY/HEAVEN
the lord of the SKY/HEAVEN → God
The sweet bride of GOD → Mary

notes

[4] dægra ‘of days and nights’: Dægr usually designates a twelve-hour period (night or day), but it could also refer to the entire 24 hours (day and night).

Close

sætis ‘of the seat’

2. sæti (noun n.; °-s; -): seat

kennings

Sæt brúðrin dróttins sætis dægra
‘The sweet bride of the lord of the seat of days and nights ’
   = Mary

the seat of days and nights → SKY/HEAVEN
the lord of the SKY/HEAVEN → God
The sweet bride of GOD → Mary
Close

sætis ‘of the seat’

2. sæti (noun n.; °-s; -): seat

kennings

Sæt brúðrin dróttins sætis dægra
‘The sweet bride of the lord of the seat of days and nights ’
   = Mary

the seat of days and nights → SKY/HEAVEN
the lord of the SKY/HEAVEN → God
The sweet bride of GOD → Mary
Close

sætis ‘of the seat’

2. sæti (noun n.; °-s; -): seat

kennings

Sæt brúðrin dróttins sætis dægra
‘The sweet bride of the lord of the seat of days and nights ’
   = Mary

the seat of days and nights → SKY/HEAVEN
the lord of the SKY/HEAVEN → God
The sweet bride of GOD → Mary
Close

munka ‘of monks’

munkr (noun m.; °-s, dat. -i/-; -ar): monk

kennings

gæti munka.
‘the guardian of monks. ’
   = BISHOP = Augustine

the guardian of monks. → BISHOP = Augustine
Close

gæti ‘the guardian’

gætir (noun m.): guardian

kennings

gæti munka.
‘the guardian of monks. ’
   = BISHOP = Augustine

the guardian of monks. → BISHOP = Augustine
Close

Sýndiz ‘revealed herself’

sýna (verb): show, seem

Close

móðir ‘The mother’

móðir (noun f.): mother

kennings

Móðir siklings sunnu grundar
‘The mother of the ruler of the sun’s land ’
   = Mary

the sun’s land → SKY/HEAVEN
the ruler of the SKY/HEAVEN → God
The mother of GOD → Mary
Close

sunnu ‘of the sun’s’

sunna (noun f.): sun

kennings

Móðir siklings sunnu grundar
‘The mother of the ruler of the sun’s land ’
   = Mary

the sun’s land → SKY/HEAVEN
the ruler of the SKY/HEAVEN → God
The mother of GOD → Mary
Close

sunnu ‘of the sun’s’

sunna (noun f.): sun

kennings

Móðir siklings sunnu grundar
‘The mother of the ruler of the sun’s land ’
   = Mary

the sun’s land → SKY/HEAVEN
the ruler of the SKY/HEAVEN → God
The mother of GOD → Mary
Close

sunnu ‘of the sun’s’

sunna (noun f.): sun

kennings

Móðir siklings sunnu grundar
‘The mother of the ruler of the sun’s land ’
   = Mary

the sun’s land → SKY/HEAVEN
the ruler of the SKY/HEAVEN → God
The mother of GOD → Mary
Close

grundar ‘land’

grund (noun f.): earth, land

kennings

Móðir siklings sunnu grundar
‘The mother of the ruler of the sun’s land ’
   = Mary

the sun’s land → SKY/HEAVEN
the ruler of the SKY/HEAVEN → God
The mother of GOD → Mary
Close

grundar ‘land’

grund (noun f.): earth, land

kennings

Móðir siklings sunnu grundar
‘The mother of the ruler of the sun’s land ’
   = Mary

the sun’s land → SKY/HEAVEN
the ruler of the SKY/HEAVEN → God
The mother of GOD → Mary
Close

grundar ‘land’

grund (noun f.): earth, land

kennings

Móðir siklings sunnu grundar
‘The mother of the ruler of the sun’s land ’
   = Mary

the sun’s land → SKY/HEAVEN
the ruler of the SKY/HEAVEN → God
The mother of GOD → Mary
Close

siklings ‘of the ruler’

siklingr (noun m.; °; -ar): king, ruler

kennings

Móðir siklings sunnu grundar
‘The mother of the ruler of the sun’s land ’
   = Mary

the sun’s land → SKY/HEAVEN
the ruler of the SKY/HEAVEN → God
The mother of GOD → Mary
Close

siklings ‘of the ruler’

siklingr (noun m.; °; -ar): king, ruler

kennings

Móðir siklings sunnu grundar
‘The mother of the ruler of the sun’s land ’
   = Mary

the sun’s land → SKY/HEAVEN
the ruler of the SKY/HEAVEN → God
The mother of GOD → Mary
Close

ítarlig ‘magnificent’

ítarligr (adj.): magnificent

Close

Ögustíno ‘to Augustine’

Augustinus (noun m.): Augustine

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Interactive view: tap on words in the text for notes and glosses

Cf. Mar (1871, xvi): Eptir þvilika bæn gerva með afli astarinnar birtiz vꜳr frv sancta Maria fyrr greindum gvðs manni með micilli dyrð oc liosi ‘After such a prayer made with the power of love, our lady S. Mary revealed herself to the afore-mentioned man of God with great splendour and light’.

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