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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Mgr 5VII

Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2007, ‘Anonymous Poems, Drápa af Máríugrát 5’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 762-3.

Anonymous PoemsDrápa af Máríugrát
456

Veitum ‘Let us give’

2. veita (verb): grant, give

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göfugur ‘the glorious’

gǫfugr (adj.; °gǫfgan/gǫfugan; compar. gǫfgari/gǫfugri, superl. gǫfgastr/gǫfugstr/gǫfugastr): noble, glorious

kennings

göfugur gætir góðra klerka;
‘the glorious guardian of good clerics; ’
   = BISHOP = Augustine

the glorious guardian of good clerics; → BISHOP = Augustine
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gætir ‘guardian’

gætir (noun m.): guardian

kennings

göfugur gætir góðra klerka;
‘the glorious guardian of good clerics; ’
   = BISHOP = Augustine

the glorious guardian of good clerics; → BISHOP = Augustine
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góðra ‘of good’

góðr (adj.): good

kennings

göfugur gætir góðra klerka;
‘the glorious guardian of good clerics; ’
   = BISHOP = Augustine

the glorious guardian of good clerics; → BISHOP = Augustine
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klerka ‘clerics’

klerkr (noun m.; °-s dat. -/-i; -ar, acc. -a/-u): cleric

kennings

göfugur gætir góðra klerka;
‘the glorious guardian of good clerics; ’
   = BISHOP = Augustine

the glorious guardian of good clerics; → BISHOP = Augustine
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dróttins ‘of the Lord’

dróttinn (noun m.; °dróttins, dat. dróttni (drottini [$1049$]); dróttnar): lord, master

kennings

móður dróttins,’
‘to the mother of the Lord,’ ’
   = Mary

to the mother of the Lord,’ → Mary
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móður ‘to the mother’

móðir (noun f.): mother

[2] móður: so 1032ˣ, 920ˣ, ‘[...]’ 713

kennings

móður dróttins,’
‘to the mother of the Lord,’ ’
   = Mary

to the mother of the Lord,’ → Mary
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lærðir ‘learned’

2. læra (verb): learned

[3] lærðir: ‘[...]da’ 713, ‘l..da’ 1032ˣ, ‘.....da’ 920ˣ

notes

[3] lærðir (m. nom. pl.) ‘learned’: <ær> can be conjectured from the internal rhyme (-ærð- : -erð-). Lærða (m. acc. pl.) ‘learned’ (so all mss) is ungrammatical, because the adj. modifies menn (m. nom. pl.) ‘men’.

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laugum ‘let us wash’

lauga (verb): wash

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Mætust ‘the most magnificent’

mætr (adj.; °compar. -ri/-ari, superl. -astr): honoured, respected

[5] Mætust: so 1032ˣ, 920ˣ, ‘[...]’ 713

kennings

mætust móðir dróttins,
‘the most magnificent mother of the Lord, ’
   = Mary

the most magnificent mother of the Lord, → Mary
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móðir ‘mother’

móðir (noun f.): mother

kennings

mætust móðir dróttins,
‘the most magnificent mother of the Lord, ’
   = Mary

the most magnificent mother of the Lord, → Mary
Close

dróttins ‘of the Lord’

dróttinn (noun m.; °dróttins, dat. dróttni (drottini [$1049$]); dróttnar): lord, master

kennings

mætust móðir dróttins,
‘the most magnificent mother of the Lord, ’
   = Mary

the most magnificent mother of the Lord, → Mary
Close

alt ‘everything’

allr (adj.): all

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góða ‘good’

góðr (adj.): good

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glödd ‘the joyous’

2. glaðr (adj.; °compar. -ari, superl. -astr): cheerful, glad

[7] glödd er: so 920ˣ, ‘[...]’ 713, ‘glödd er’ 1032ˣ

notes

[7] glödd (f. nom. sg.) ‘joyous’: P.p. of the verb gleðja ‘gladden’ used an as adj. Wrightson gives glöð ‘joyous’ (f. nom. sg. of glaðr), which violates the internal rhyme (-ödd : -ædd-).

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er ‘who’

2. er (conj.): who, which, when

[7] glödd er: so 920ˣ, ‘[...]’ 713, ‘glödd er’ 1032ˣ

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Jésús ‘to Jesus’

Jésús (noun m.): Jesus

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enn ‘yet again’

2. enn (adv.): still, yet, again

notes

[8] enn ‘yet again’: It is also possible that enn means ‘further’ in the present context.

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