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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Mgr 21VII

Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2007, ‘Anonymous Poems, Drápa af Máríugrát 21’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 774-5.

Anonymous PoemsDrápa af Máríugrát

‘Þegnar gjörðu þraungva og harða
þyrnis korónu stilli hlýrna;
buðu honum þá með blygð og háði
bannaðir Júðar slíkt og annað.
Hjarta mitt, er eg horfða á þetta,
hræraz tók, því son minn kæri
dýrligr virði miklu meira
mína eymd en píslir sínar.’

‘Þegnar gjörðu {stilli hlýrna} þraungva og harða korónu þyrnis; bannaðir Júðar buðu honum þá og annað slíkt með blygð og háði. Hjarta mitt tók hræraz, er eg horfða á þetta, því kæri son minn, dýrligr, virði eymd mína miklu meira en píslir sínar.’

‘Men made a tight and hard crown of thorns {for the prince of the sun and moon} [= God (= Christ)]; the cursed Jews offered him that and other such things with shame and scorn. My heart began to tremble as I looked at this, because my dear son, the precious one, heeded my anguish much more than his own torments.’

Mss: 713(125), 1032ˣ(65v), 920ˣ(207r)

Readings: [6] því: om. 713, 1032ˣ, ‘(því)’(?) 920ˣ

Editions: Skj AII, 476, Skj BII, 511, Skald II, 279, NN §2686; Kahle 1898, 60, 104, Sperber 1911, 35, Wrightson 2001, 11.

Notes: [2] hlýrna ‘of the sun and moon’: For this determinant, see Note to 2/1. Also note the irregular aðalhending (-yrn- : -ýrn-). — [5-8]: Cf. Mar (1871, 1006): sa ek til hans ok hann til min, ok sa ek, at hann hafdi meiri sorg af minum grꜳt enn sinni pining ‘I looked at him and he at me, and I saw that he had more sorrow from my weeping than from his own torment’. — [6] því ‘because’: This tentative reading is found in 920ˣ and must have been added by the scribe. For því in the meaning því að ‘because’, see NS §265, Anm. 2b. Sperber, Skj B and Skald supply en ‘but’.


  1. Bibliography
  2. Skj B = Finnur Jónsson, ed. 1912-15b. Den norsk-islandske skjaldedigtning. B: Rettet tekst. 2 vols. Copenhagen: Villadsen & Christensen. Rpt. 1973. Copenhagen: Rosenkilde & Bagger.
  3. Skald = Kock, Ernst Albin, ed. 1946-50. Den norsk-isländska skaldediktningen. 2 vols. Lund: Gleerup.
  4. NN = Kock, Ernst Albin. 1923-44. Notationes Norrœnæ: Anteckningar till Edda och skaldediktning. Lunds Universitets årsskrift new ser. 1. 28 vols. Lund: Gleerup.
  5. Sperber, Hans, ed. 1911. Sechs isländische Gedichte legendarischen Inhalts. Uppsala Universitets årsskrift, filosofi, språkvetenskap och historiska vetenskaper 2. Uppsala: Akademische Buchdruckerei Edv. Berling.
  6. Wrightson, Kellinde, ed. 2001. Fourteenth-Century Icelandic Verse on the Virgin Mary: Drápa af Maríugrát, Vitnisvísur af Maríu, Maríuvísur I-III. Viking Society for Northern Research Text Series 14. University College London: Viking Society for Northern Research.
  7. NS = Nygaard, Marius. 1906. Norrøn syntax. Kristiania (Oslo): Aschehoug. Rpt. 1966.
  8. Kahle, Bernhard, ed. 1898. Isländische geistliche Dichtungen des ausgehenden Mittelalters. Heidelberg: Winter.

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