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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Mgr 20VII

Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2007, ‘Anonymous Poems, Drápa af Máríugrát 20’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 774.

Anonymous PoemsDrápa af Máríugrát
192021

Ítarligr ‘The glorious’

ítarligr (adj.): magnificent

kennings

Ítarligr, blessaðr þeingill grundar eingla
‘The glorious, blessed lord of the land of angels ’
   = God

the land of angels → SKY/HEAVEN
The glorious, blessed lord of the SKY/HEAVEN → God
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öllum ‘than everyone’

allr (adj.): all

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eingla ‘of angels’

1. engill (noun m.; °engils; englar): angel

kennings

Ítarligr, blessaðr þeingill grundar eingla
‘The glorious, blessed lord of the land of angels ’
   = God

the land of angels → SKY/HEAVEN
The glorious, blessed lord of the SKY/HEAVEN → God
Close

eingla ‘of angels’

1. engill (noun m.; °engils; englar): angel

kennings

Ítarligr, blessaðr þeingill grundar eingla
‘The glorious, blessed lord of the land of angels ’
   = God

the land of angels → SKY/HEAVEN
The glorious, blessed lord of the SKY/HEAVEN → God
Close

grundar ‘of the land’

grund (noun f.): earth, land

kennings

Ítarligr, blessaðr þeingill grundar eingla
‘The glorious, blessed lord of the land of angels ’
   = God

the land of angels → SKY/HEAVEN
The glorious, blessed lord of the SKY/HEAVEN → God

notes

[2] grundar ‘of the land’: Skj B construes this word as a determinant in stillis leiftra ‘of the prince of lightnings’ where grundar leiftra ‘of the land of lightnings’ is taken as a kenning for ‘heaven’. This creates a convoluted w.o. (see NN §1669), but kennings of a similar type to those proposed in Skj B are by no means unprecedented; cf. Meissner, 380-4.

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grundar ‘of the land’

grund (noun f.): earth, land

kennings

Ítarligr, blessaðr þeingill grundar eingla
‘The glorious, blessed lord of the land of angels ’
   = God

the land of angels → SKY/HEAVEN
The glorious, blessed lord of the SKY/HEAVEN → God

notes

[2] grundar ‘of the land’: Skj B construes this word as a determinant in stillis leiftra ‘of the prince of lightnings’ where grundar leiftra ‘of the land of lightnings’ is taken as a kenning for ‘heaven’. This creates a convoluted w.o. (see NN §1669), but kennings of a similar type to those proposed in Skj B are by no means unprecedented; cf. Meissner, 380-4.

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blessaðr ‘blessed’

blessa (verb): bless

kennings

Ítarligr, blessaðr þeingill grundar eingla
‘The glorious, blessed lord of the land of angels ’
   = God

the land of angels → SKY/HEAVEN
The glorious, blessed lord of the SKY/HEAVEN → God
Close

þeingill ‘lord’

þengill (noun m.): prince, ruler

kennings

Ítarligr, blessaðr þeingill grundar eingla
‘The glorious, blessed lord of the land of angels ’
   = God

the land of angels → SKY/HEAVEN
The glorious, blessed lord of the SKY/HEAVEN → God
Close

allur ‘all’

allr (adj.): all

Close

leiftra ‘of lightnings’

2. leiptr (noun f.): lightning

kennings

stillis leiftra.
‘of the prince of lightnings. ’
   = God

the prince of lightnings. → God
Close

stillis ‘of the prince’

stillir (noun m.): ruler

kennings

stillis leiftra.
‘of the prince of lightnings. ’
   = God

the prince of lightnings. → God
Close

skyldr ‘obliged’

2. skyldr (adj.): obliged

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Öllum ‘than all’

allr (adj.): all

[5-8] ‘’ abbrev. as ‘Avllum hlutum er ædri ok.’ 713

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hlutum ‘things’

hlutr (noun m.; °-ar, dat. -i/-; -ir, acc. -i/-u): part, thing

[5-8] ‘’ abbrev. as ‘Avllum hlutum er ædri ok.’ 713

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er ‘is’

2. vera (verb): be, is, was, were, are, am

[5-8] ‘’ abbrev. as ‘Avllum hlutum er ædri ok.’ 713

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æðri ‘more distinguished’

œðri (adj. comp.): nobler, higher

[5-8] ‘’ abbrev. as ‘Avllum hlutum er ædri ok.’ 713

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og ‘and’

3. ok (conj.): and, but; also

[5-8] ‘’ abbrev. as ‘Avllum hlutum er ædri ok.’ 713

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sælli ‘blessed’

sæll (adj.): happy, blessed

[5-8] ‘’ abbrev. as ‘Avllum hlutum er ædri ok.’ 713

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eilífligastr ‘The most eternal’

eilífligr (adj.): eternal

[5-8] ‘’ abbrev. as ‘Avllum hlutum er ædri ok.’ 713

kennings

Eilífligastr deilir skepnu
‘The most eternal ordainer of creation ’
   = God

The most eternal ordainer of creation → God
Close

skepnu ‘of creation’

skepna (noun f.; °-u; -ur): creation

[5-8] ‘’ abbrev. as ‘Avllum hlutum er ædri ok.’ 713

kennings

Eilífligastr deilir skepnu
‘The most eternal ordainer of creation ’
   = God

The most eternal ordainer of creation → God
Close

deilir ‘ordainer’

deilir (noun m.): ruler, ordainer

[5-8] ‘’ abbrev. as ‘Avllum hlutum er ædri ok.’ 713

kennings

Eilífligastr deilir skepnu
‘The most eternal ordainer of creation ’
   = God

The most eternal ordainer of creation → God
Close

honum ‘to him’

hann (pron.; °gen. hans, dat. honum; f. hon, gen. hennar, acc. hana): he, she, it, they, them...

[5-8] ‘’ abbrev. as ‘Avllum hlutum er ædri ok.’ 713

Close

sie ‘be’

2. vera (verb): be, is, was, were, are, am

[5-8] ‘’ abbrev. as ‘Avllum hlutum er ædri ok.’ 713

Close

dýrð ‘glory’

dýrð (noun f.; °-ar/-a(NoDipl(1279) 44²ˆ); -ir): glory

[5-8] ‘’ abbrev. as ‘Avllum hlutum er ædri ok.’ 713

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á ‘in’

3. á (prep.): on, at

[5-8] ‘’ abbrev. as ‘Avllum hlutum er ædri ok.’ 713

Close

himni ‘heaven’

himinn (noun m.; °himins, dat. himni; himnar): heaven, sky

[5-8] ‘’ abbrev. as ‘Avllum hlutum er ædri ok.’ 713

Close

og ‘and’

3. ok (conj.): and, but; also

[5-8] ‘’ abbrev. as ‘Avllum hlutum er ædri ok.’ 713

Close

jörðu ‘on earth’

jǫrð (noun f.; °jarðar, dat. -u; jarðir/jarðar(DN I (1367) 304Š)): ground, earth

[5-8] ‘’ abbrev. as ‘Avllum hlutum er ædri ok.’ 713

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hann ‘he’

hann (pron.; °gen. hans, dat. honum; f. hon, gen. hennar, acc. hana): he, she, it, they, them...

[5-8] ‘’ abbrev. as ‘Avllum hlutum er ædri ok.’ 713

Close

er ‘is’

2. vera (verb): be, is, was, were, are, am

[5-8] ‘’ abbrev. as ‘Avllum hlutum er ædri ok.’ 713

Close

hæri ‘higher’

3. hár (adj.; °-van; compar. hǽrri, superl. hǽstr): high

[5-8] ‘’ abbrev. as ‘Avllum hlutum er ædri ok.’ 713

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en ‘than’

4. en (conj.): than

[5-8] ‘’ abbrev. as ‘Avllum hlutum er ædri ok.’ 713

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gjörvalt ‘everything’

gǫrvallr (adj.): everything

[5-8] ‘’ abbrev. as ‘Avllum hlutum er ædri ok.’ 713

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annað ‘else’

1. annarr (pron.; °f. ǫnnur, n. annat; pl. aðrir): (an)other, second

[5-8] ‘’ abbrev. as ‘Avllum hlutum er ædri ok.’ 713

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[5-8]: For this refrain, see 16/5-8.

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