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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Þjóð Har 5I

R. D. Fulk (ed.) 2012, ‘Þjóðólfr ór Hvini, Poem about Haraldr hárfagri 5’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 63.

Þjóðólfr ór HviniPoem about Haraldr hárfagri
45

Lúfa ‘Lúfa (‘Shaggy-locks’)’

lúfa (noun f.; °-u): shaggy-locks

notes

[2] Lúfa ‘Lúfa (‘‘Shaggy-locks’’)’: See Context; also biography of Haraldr, in ‘Ruler biographies’, in Introduction to this volume. The nickname also occurs in st. 4/1.

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kallaðr ‘called’

kalla (verb): call

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fylkis ‘leader’s’

fylkir (noun m.): leader

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l... ‘...’

(non-lexical)

notes

[3] l...: A possible restoration would be lyrg (m. nom. sg. lyrgr), a rare word meaning ‘forelock’. Though not entirely convincing, this seems the least implausible of the various possibilities permitted by metre, alliteration, semantics and context. Bugge (1871a, 519) supplies ‘wave’. In prose, denotes ‘the line of shoal water along the shore’ (CVC: ), but in verse it takes on the meaning ‘wave’. It is nowhere else used to refer to hair.

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...kar ‘...’

(non-lexical)

[4] ...kar: ‘cár’ 301ˣ

notes

[4] ... kar: Metre and semantic context favour lokkar ‘locks of hair’ here, as suggested by Bugge (1871a, 519).

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Ávallt ‘Ever’

ávallt (adv.): always

[5] Ávallt: ‘vallt’ 301ˣ

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kallaðr ‘called’

kalla (verb): call

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Haraldr ‘Haraldr’

Haraldr (noun m.): Haraldr

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hár ‘hár’

notes

[7] hárfagri ‘hárfagri (‘‘Fair-hair’’)’: See ‘Ruler biographies’, and Note to Þhorn Harkv 10 /1.

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[…]mir ‘’

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fagri ‘fagri’

notes

[7] hárfagri ‘hárfagri (‘‘Fair-hair’’)’: See ‘Ruler biographies’, and Note to Þhorn Harkv 10 /1.

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hilmir ‘the prince’

hilmir (noun m.): prince, protector

[8] hilmir: ‘[…]mir’ 301ˣ

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síðan ‘afterwards’

síðan (adv.): later, then

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Interactive view: tap on words in the text for notes and glosses

After an account of the battle of Hafrsfjǫrðr (Hafrsfjorden) in Fsk (ÍF 29, 70), we are told that Haraldr was now fully grown. His hair was long and tangled, and for that reason he was called Lúfa ‘Shaggy-locks’. Then Rǫgnvaldr, jarl of Mœrr (Møre), cut his hair and gave him a name and called him Haraldr hárfagri (‘Fair-hair’).

The FskA transcripts add ok þetta kvað Hornklofi ‘and [Þorbjǫrn] Hornklofi recited this’ (though this clause and st. 5 are not printed or mentioned in ÍF 29, 70). Finnur Jónsson prints the stanza in Skj A, but not Skj B, because of its incompleteness, nor is it included in Skald. On this stanza, see further Introduction above.

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