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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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ǪrvOdd Ævdr 12VIII (Ǫrv 82)

Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.) 2017, ‘Ǫrvar-Odds saga 82 (Ǫrvar-Oddr, Ævidrápa 12)’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry in fornaldarsögur. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 8. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 897.

Ǫrvar-OddrÆvidrápa
111213

Bjarmar ‘The Permians’

1. bjarmi (noun m.; °; -ar): °Bjarmian, person from Bjarmaland

[1] Bjarmar: borgar menn 471, 173ˣ

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verja ‘defended’

3. verja (verb): defend

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hermönnum ‘with warriors’

hermaðr (noun m.): warrior

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hamalt ‘in a wedge-shaped phalanx’

hamall (adj.): wedge-shaped

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fylkja ‘drew [them] up’

fylkja (verb): marshal

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þaðan ‘from there’

þaðan (adv.): from there

[6] þaðan: om. 471

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færim ‘we went’

færa (verb): [bring]

notes

[6] færim ‘we went’: With Ǫrv 1888, Skj B and Skald, the mss’ færum has been normalised to the pret. subj. færim after the conj. áðr ‘before’.

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ófa ‘exceedingly’

ófa (adv.)

[7] ófa (‘ova’): so 471, ‘ofrs’ 343a, of‑ 173ˣ

notes

[7] ófa marga ‘exceedingly many’: Following the reading of 471, ófa is understood as the gen. pl. (used adverbially) of óf ‘excess’; cf. LP: óf. Ǫrv 1888 prefers 173ˣ’s reading ofmarga mjök ‘much too many [men]’.

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marga ‘many’

2. margr (adj.; °-an): many

[7] marga: ‑marga mjök 173ˣ

notes

[7] ófa marga ‘exceedingly many’: Following the reading of 471, ófa is understood as the gen. pl. (used adverbially) of óf ‘excess’; cf. LP: óf. Ǫrv 1888 prefers 173ˣ’s reading ofmarga mjök ‘much too many [men]’.

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týna ‘to lose’

týna (verb): lose, destroy

notes

[8] týna ‘to lose’: Skj B emends to pret. inf. týnda without ms. support.

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[4]: On other instances of the phrase fylkja hamalt ‘draw up [an army] in a wedge-shaped phalanx’ see Gísl Magnkv 10/6II and Note there.

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