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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Mdr 29VII

Katrina Attwood (ed.) 2007, ‘Anonymous Poems, Máríudrápa 29’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 502.

Anonymous PoemsMáríudrápa
282930

Bæn ‘Be attentive’

bœn (noun f.; °-ar; -ir): request, prayer < bœnheyrðr (adj.): °attentive to (sby’s) prayer, willing to answer prayer

notes

[1] bænheyrðu ‘be [you] attentive [to my prayer]’: The OIcel. verb bænheyra does not have an exact Engl. counterpart. It means ‘to be willing to hear and answer someone’s prayer, to be attentive to someone’s prayer’. The intercessory response ‘hear our prayer’ in liturgical settings carries much the same meaning. Both it and bænheyra reflect the Lat. intercessory response Te rogamus, audi nos ‘we beseech you, hear us’.

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heyrðu ‘’

2. heyra (verb): hear < bœnheyrðr (adj.): °attentive to (sby’s) prayer, willing to answer prayer

notes

[1] bænheyrðu ‘be [you] attentive [to my prayer]’: The OIcel. verb bænheyra does not have an exact Engl. counterpart. It means ‘to be willing to hear and answer someone’s prayer, to be attentive to someone’s prayer’. The intercessory response ‘hear our prayer’ in liturgical settings carries much the same meaning. Both it and bænheyra reflect the Lat. intercessory response Te rogamus, audi nos ‘we beseech you, hear us’.

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Máría ‘Mary’

María (noun f.): Mary

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þýð ‘kind’

þýðr (adj.): kind

[4] þýð: so 399a‑bˣ, ‘þ[...]’ B

notes

[4] þýð ‘kind’: Only the initial letter is legible in B. Here, with Skj and Skald, the 399a-bˣ transcript’s reading, þýð f. nom. sg. ‘meek, kind’ is adopted, construed with mær ‘maiden’. Rydberg reconstructs þar (adv.) ‘there’. He construes ek þarf þar miskunnar þinnar, mær Guði kærust ‘I need your mercy there, maiden most dear to God’, though the referent of þar is not clear.

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Líðr ‘draws to its end’

1. líða (verb): move, glide

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kvæði ‘poem’

kvæði (noun n.; °-s; -): poem

[5] kvæði: ‘k[...]ędi’ B

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skyldr ‘obliged’

2. skyldr (adj.): obliged

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góðu ‘with good’

góðr (adj.): good

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gjalda ‘reward’

1. gjalda (verb): pay, repay

[7] gjalda: ‘[...]iallda’ B

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göfug ‘noble’

gǫfugr (adj.; °gǫfgan/gǫfugan; compar. gǫfgari/gǫfugri, superl. gǫfgastr/gǫfugstr/gǫfugastr): noble, glorious

kennings

göfug prýði jöfra.
‘noble adornment of princes.’
   = Mary

noble adornment of princes. → Mary
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prýði ‘adornment’

prýði (noun f.): finery, honour

kennings

göfug prýði jöfra.
‘noble adornment of princes.’
   = Mary

noble adornment of princes. → Mary
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jöfra ‘of princes’

jǫfurr (noun m.): ruler, prince

[8] jöfra: so 399a‑bˣ, ‘[...]fra’ B

kennings

göfug prýði jöfra.
‘noble adornment of princes.’
   = Mary

noble adornment of princes. → Mary
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