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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Mdr 28VII

Katrina Attwood (ed.) 2007, ‘Anonymous Poems, Máríudrápa 28’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 501-2.

Anonymous PoemsMáríudrápa
272829

drottning ‘Queen’

dróttning (noun f.; °-ar, dat. -u/-, acc. -u/-; -ar): queen

kennings

Drottning himins og gotna,
‘Queen of heaven and of men, ’
   = Mary

Queen of heaven and of men, → Mary
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himins ‘of heaven’

himinn (noun m.; °himins, dat. himni; himnar): heaven, sky

kennings

Drottning himins og gotna,
‘Queen of heaven and of men, ’
   = Mary

Queen of heaven and of men, → Mary
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og ‘and’

3. ok (conj.): and, but; also

kennings

Drottning himins og gotna,
‘Queen of heaven and of men, ’
   = Mary

Queen of heaven and of men, → Mary
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gotna ‘of men’

gotnar (noun m.): men

kennings

Drottning himins og gotna,
‘Queen of heaven and of men, ’
   = Mary

Queen of heaven and of men, → Mary
Close

nemi ‘learn’

1. nema (verb): to take

[3] nemi höldar: ‘nem[...]o᷎ldar’ B, ‘nemị ho᷎ldar’ 399a‑bˣ

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höldar ‘men’

hǫlðr (noun m.; °-s; -ar): man

[3] nemi höldar: ‘nem[...]o᷎ldar’ B, ‘nemị ho᷎ldar’ 399a‑bˣ

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kvæðis ‘of the poem’

kvæði (noun n.; °-s; -): poem

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hef ‘begin’

hafa (verb): have

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stefjum ‘the refrains’

stef (noun n.; °; -): refrain

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‘…’

(non-lexical)

[5] …: ‘[...]tt’ B, ‘o[...]ṃạ́tt’ 399a‑bˣ, ‘(er) [...]tt’(?) BRydberg, ‘[...]m[...]ut’ BFJ

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gaft ‘you gave’

gefa (verb): give

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bragar ‘of the poem’

bragr (noun m.; °-ar): poem, poetry

kennings

blindum stæri bragar
‘the blind increaser of the poem ’
   = POET

the blind increaser of the poem → POET
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stæri ‘increaser’

stœrir (noun m.): increaser

kennings

blindum stæri bragar
‘the blind increaser of the poem ’
   = POET

the blind increaser of the poem → POET
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blindum ‘the blind’

blindr (adj.; °compar. -ari): blind

kennings

blindum stæri bragar
‘the blind increaser of the poem ’
   = POET

the blind increaser of the poem → POET
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‘…’

(non-lexical)

[8] …: ‘[...]tu’ B, ‘ị́ þ̣ṛạụṭum’ 399a‑bˣ, ‘[...]tum’ BRydberg

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Interactive view: tap on words in the text for notes and glosses

[1-4]: As the poet says, this st. marks the end of Mdr’s refrain section (stefjabálkr) and the beginning of the conclusion (slæmr). — [5-8]: The reconstruction and interpretation of this helmingr follows Finnur Jónsson (Skj B) and Kock (NN §1653; Skald) in retaining the dat. stæri (l. 6) and construing it with bragar, gen. sg. m. of bragr ‘poem’, to form a kenning for the poet ‘increaser of the poem’, here qualified with m. dat. sg. adj. blindum ‘blind’ (l. 7). The blindness referred to here may be physical or spiritual. The 399a-bˣ transcript contains tentative readings/reconstructions of mátt acc. ‘strength, power’ in l. 5 and í þrautum ‘in struggles’ in l. 8. The helmingr is thus interpreted as a statement that the Virgin gave the poet the power to turn away from (spiritual?) death (mátt að venda braut ór grýttri gröf ‘power to turn away from a stony grave’) and the strength required for his spiritual battles (styrk í þrautum ‘strength in struggles’).

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