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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Úlfrauð Útkv 1VIII (Hálf 40)

Hubert Seelow (ed.) 2017, ‘Hálfs saga ok Hálfsrekka 40 (Úlfr inn rauði, Útsteinskviða 1)’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry in fornaldarsögur. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 8. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 336.

Úlfr inn rauðiÚtsteinskviða

dauðar ‘dead’

2. dauðr (adj.): dead

[1] dauðar: ‘daud ar’ with a small hole in the parchment between ‘daud’ and ‘ar’ 2845


allar ‘all’

allr (adj.): all


heill ‘luck’

1. heill (noun f.; °-ar; -ir): good fortune


[3] heill ‘luck’: The idea that some individuals were favoured by luck or good fortune was a commonplace of Old Norse literature, and is expressed both in poetry as well as in prose sagas (cf. Hallberg 1973). In Útkv 9/5-8 (Hálf 50), Útsteinn attributes his success in life to Óðinn.


horfna ‘has’

horfna (verb)


frá ‘deserted’

frá (prep.): from


Hálfs ‘Hálfr’s’

Hálfr (noun m.): Hálfr

[4] Hálfs: hálf 2845


efri ‘would’

efri (adj. comp.; °superl. efstr/øfstr (eft- [$1653$] 13r²³, etc.)): higher, highest


[7] yrði efri ‘would prevail’: Lit. ‘would become uppermost’. Cf. Hálf 42/1.


yrði ‘prevail’

1. verða (verb): become, be


[7] yrði efri ‘would prevail’: Lit. ‘would become uppermost’. Cf. Hálf 42/1.


hvar ‘wherever’

hvar (adv.): where


vér ‘we’

vér (pron.; °gen. vár, dat./acc. oss): we, us, our


[8] vér ‘we’: The ms. has vér ‘we’, but this leaves ll. 7-8 without alliteration, so previous eds (e.g. Hálf 1864, Edd. Min., Skj B) have emended vér mættuz to ér mættiz ‘wherever you (pl.) should meet’, i.e. Útsteinn and Úlfr’s sons.


mættuz ‘should meet’

mœta (verb): meet


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This stanza is introduced by the words: Úlfr kvað ‘Úlfr said’.


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