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skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Hálfr Innkv 5VIII (Hálf 23)

Hubert Seelow (ed.) 2017, ‘Hálfs saga ok Hálfsrekka 23 (Hálfr Hjǫrleifsson, Innsteinskviða 5)’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry in fornaldarsögur. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 8. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 323.

Hálfr HjǫrleifssonInnsteinskviða
456

Gefa ‘give’

gefa (verb): give

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hjálm ‘a helmet’

1. hjalmr (noun m.; °-s, dat. -i; -ar): helmet

[2] hjálm: ‘hiaml’ 2845

notes

[2] hjálm ok brynju ‘a helmet and a byrnie’: Bugge (Hálf 1864) emends the line to hjálm gullroðinn ‘gold-covered helmet’ because to his mind ok brynju is not consistent with the content of the second helmingr.

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ok ‘and’

3. ok (conj.): and, but; also

notes

[2] hjálm ok brynju ‘a helmet and a byrnie’: Bugge (Hálf 1864) emends the line to hjálm gullroðinn ‘gold-covered helmet’ because to his mind ok brynju is not consistent with the content of the second helmingr.

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brynju ‘a byrnie’

1. brynja (noun f.; °-u (dat. brynnoni Gibb 38⁹); -ur): mailcoat

notes

[2] hjálm ok brynju ‘a helmet and a byrnie’: Bugge (Hálf 1864) emends the line to hjálm gullroðinn ‘gold-covered helmet’ because to his mind ok brynju is not consistent with the content of the second helmingr.

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frækna ‘of the brave’

frœkinn (adj.; °compar. frøknari, superl. frøknastr): bold

notes

[3] frækna (gen. pl.) ‘brave’: The reading of the ms. Hálf 1909, FSGJ and Edd. Min. correct to fræknra, Skj B, Skald and Hálf 1981 retain frækna. Both forms are possible; cf. ANG §427.2.

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skjöldungs ‘of the prince’s’

skjǫldungr (noun m.): king

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um ‘around’

1. um (prep.): about, around

notes

[8] um fjöllum skarar ‘around the mountains of hair [HEADS]’: The ms. reads of (prep.) ‘around’ rather than um, but has been normalised to a 1250-1300 standard. The kenning fjall skarar ‘mountain of hair’ for ‘head’ is also used in ESk Frag 2/4III; háfiall scarar ‘high mountain of hair’ for ‘head’ occurs in Hym 23/6 (NK 92).

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skarar ‘of hair’

skǫr (noun f.; °skarar; skarir): hair, planking

kennings

fjöllum skarar
‘the mountains of hair ’
   = HEADS

the mountains of hair → HEADS

notes

[8] um fjöllum skarar ‘around the mountains of hair [HEADS]’: The ms. reads of (prep.) ‘around’ rather than um, but has been normalised to a 1250-1300 standard. The kenning fjall skarar ‘mountain of hair’ for ‘head’ is also used in ESk Frag 2/4III; háfiall scarar ‘high mountain of hair’ for ‘head’ occurs in Hym 23/6 (NK 92).

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fjöllum ‘the mountains’

1. fjall (noun n.): mountain

kennings

fjöllum skarar
‘the mountains of hair ’
   = HEADS

the mountains of hair → HEADS

notes

[8] um fjöllum skarar ‘around the mountains of hair [HEADS]’: The ms. reads of (prep.) ‘around’ rather than um, but has been normalised to a 1250-1300 standard. The kenning fjall skarar ‘mountain of hair’ for ‘head’ is also used in ESk Frag 2/4III; háfiall scarar ‘high mountain of hair’ for ‘head’ occurs in Hym 23/6 (NK 92).

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Interactive view: tap on words in the text for notes and glosses

This stanza is introduced by the words: kóngr kvað ‘the king said’.

See Hálf 21, Note to [All].

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