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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Mdr 2VII

Katrina Attwood (ed.) 2007, ‘Anonymous Poems, Máríudrápa 2’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 480.

Anonymous PoemsMáríudrápa

Sendi son frá böndum
sinn með lausn að vinna
dauðans þeingill þjóðir,
þeyranns í kvið meyjar.
Þeim bjó sú við sóma
snotr mær friðar stæri
víst heimili og hæstum
höfuðstað frömum jöfri.

{Þeingill {þeyranns}} sendi son sinn í kvið meyjar að vinna þjóðir með lausn frá böndum dauðans. Sú snotr mær bjó við sóma {þeim stæri friðar} víst heimili og hæstum frömum jöfri höfuðstað.

{The king {of the thawing wind-house}} [SKY/HEAVEN > = God] sent his son into the womb of a maiden to win people by means of redemption from the bonds of death. That wise maiden honourably provided {the augmenter of peace} [= God (= Christ)] with a sure home and the highest, foremost prince with a chief place.

Mss: B(13v), 399a-bˣ

Readings: [1] böndum: so 399a‑bˣ, BRydberg, BFJ, ‘bo᷎nnd[...]’ B    [7] víst: so 399a‑bˣ, ‘vi[...]’ B

Editions: Skj AII, 464, Skj BII, 497, Skald II, 271; Konráð Gíslason 1860, 555, Rydberg 1907, 32, 53, Attwood 1996a, 102, 303.

Notes: [All]: Having begun by establishing the Virgin Mary as the high-seat of the Trinity (1/2-4), the poet now turns to celebrate the Incarnation of Christ. — [3-4] þeingill þeyranns ‘king of the thawing wind-house [SKY/HEAVEN > = God]’: Although þeyrann is hap. leg. (LP: þeyrann), þeyr is attested in the sense ‘thawing wind, warm wind’, while rann ‘house’ is a common element in heaven- and God-kennings in the earlier Christian drápur (LP: rann). On þeyrann, cf. Anon Mgr 44/6, where heaven is referred to as þeyja borg ‘warm winds’ stronghold’.


  1. Bibliography
  2. Skald = Kock, Ernst Albin, ed. 1946-50. Den norsk-isländska skaldediktningen. 2 vols. Lund: Gleerup.
  3. LP = Finnur Jónsson, ed. 1931. Lexicon poeticum antiquæ linguæ septentrionalis: Ordbog over det norsk-islandske skjaldesprog oprindelig forfattet af Sveinbjörn Egilsson. 2nd edn. Copenhagen: Møller.
  4. Attwood, Katrina. 1996a. ‘The Poems of MS AM 757a 4to: An Edition and Contextual Study’. Ph.D. thesis. University of Leeds.
  5. Rydberg, Hugo, ed. 1907. ‘Die geistlichen Drápur und Dróttkvættfragmente des Cod. AM 757 4to.’. Ph.D. thesis. University of Lund. Copenhagen: Møller.
  6. Internal references
  7. Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2007, ‘Anonymous Poems, Drápa af Máríugrát 44’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 790.

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