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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Mdr 2VII

Katrina Attwood (ed.) 2007, ‘Anonymous Poems, Máríudrápa 2’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 480.

Anonymous PoemsMáríudrápa
123

Sendi ‘sent’

senda (verb): send

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böndum ‘the bonds’

band (noun n.; °-s; *-): band, bond

[1] böndum: so 399a‑bˣ, BRydberg, BFJ, ‘bo᷎nnd[...]’ B

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með ‘by means of’

með (prep.): with

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þeingill ‘The king’

þengill (noun m.): prince, ruler

kennings

Þeingill þeyranns
‘The king of the thawing wind-house ’
   = God

the thawing wind-house → SKY/HEAVEN
The king of the SKY/HEAVEN → God

notes

[3-4] þeingill þeyranns ‘king of the thawing wind-house [SKY/HEAVEN > = God]’: Although þeyrann is hap. leg. (LP: þeyrann), þeyr is attested in the sense ‘thawing wind, warm wind’, while rann ‘house’ is a common element in heaven- and God-kennings in the earlier Christian drápur (LP: rann). On þeyrann, cf. Anon Mgr 44/6, where heaven is referred to as þeyja borg ‘warm winds’ stronghold’.

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þey ‘of the thawing wind’

þeyr (noun m.; °; -jar/-ir): breeze, thawing wind < þeyrann (noun n.)

kennings

Þeingill þeyranns
‘The king of the thawing wind-house ’
   = God

the thawing wind-house → SKY/HEAVEN
The king of the SKY/HEAVEN → God

notes

[3-4] þeingill þeyranns ‘king of the thawing wind-house [SKY/HEAVEN > = God]’: Although þeyrann is hap. leg. (LP: þeyrann), þeyr is attested in the sense ‘thawing wind, warm wind’, while rann ‘house’ is a common element in heaven- and God-kennings in the earlier Christian drápur (LP: rann). On þeyrann, cf. Anon Mgr 44/6, where heaven is referred to as þeyja borg ‘warm winds’ stronghold’.

Close

þey ‘of the thawing wind’

þeyr (noun m.; °; -jar/-ir): breeze, thawing wind < þeyrann (noun n.)

kennings

Þeingill þeyranns
‘The king of the thawing wind-house ’
   = God

the thawing wind-house → SKY/HEAVEN
The king of the SKY/HEAVEN → God

notes

[3-4] þeingill þeyranns ‘king of the thawing wind-house [SKY/HEAVEN > = God]’: Although þeyrann is hap. leg. (LP: þeyrann), þeyr is attested in the sense ‘thawing wind, warm wind’, while rann ‘house’ is a common element in heaven- and God-kennings in the earlier Christian drápur (LP: rann). On þeyrann, cf. Anon Mgr 44/6, where heaven is referred to as þeyja borg ‘warm winds’ stronghold’.

Close

ranns ‘house’

rann (noun n.): house, hall < þeyrann (noun n.)

kennings

Þeingill þeyranns
‘The king of the thawing wind-house ’
   = God

the thawing wind-house → SKY/HEAVEN
The king of the SKY/HEAVEN → God

notes

[3-4] þeingill þeyranns ‘king of the thawing wind-house [SKY/HEAVEN > = God]’: Although þeyrann is hap. leg. (LP: þeyrann), þeyr is attested in the sense ‘thawing wind, warm wind’, while rann ‘house’ is a common element in heaven- and God-kennings in the earlier Christian drápur (LP: rann). On þeyrann, cf. Anon Mgr 44/6, where heaven is referred to as þeyja borg ‘warm winds’ stronghold’.

Close

ranns ‘house’

rann (noun n.): house, hall < þeyrann (noun n.)

kennings

Þeingill þeyranns
‘The king of the thawing wind-house ’
   = God

the thawing wind-house → SKY/HEAVEN
The king of the SKY/HEAVEN → God

notes

[3-4] þeingill þeyranns ‘king of the thawing wind-house [SKY/HEAVEN > = God]’: Although þeyrann is hap. leg. (LP: þeyrann), þeyr is attested in the sense ‘thawing wind, warm wind’, while rann ‘house’ is a common element in heaven- and God-kennings in the earlier Christian drápur (LP: rann). On þeyrann, cf. Anon Mgr 44/6, where heaven is referred to as þeyja borg ‘warm winds’ stronghold’.

Close

Þeim ‘the’

1. sá (pron.; °gen. þess, dat. þeim, acc. þann; f. sú, gen. þeirrar, acc. þá; n. þat, dat. því; pl. m. þeir, f. þǽ---): that (one), those

kennings

þeim stæri friðar
‘the augmenter of peace ’
   = God

the augmenter of peace → God
Close

snotr ‘wise’

snotr (adj.): wise

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friðar ‘of peace’

friðr (noun m.): peace

kennings

þeim stæri friðar
‘the augmenter of peace ’
   = God

the augmenter of peace → God
Close

stæri ‘augmenter’

stœrir (noun m.): increaser

kennings

þeim stæri friðar
‘the augmenter of peace ’
   = God

the augmenter of peace → God
Close

víst ‘with a sure’

1. víss (adj.): wise, certain(ly)

[7] víst: so 399a‑bˣ, ‘vi[...]’ B

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Interactive view: tap on words in the text for notes and glosses

Having begun by establishing the Virgin Mary as the high-seat of the Trinity (1/2-4), the poet now turns to celebrate the Incarnation of Christ.

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