Cookies on our website

We use cookies on this website, mainly to provide a secure browsing experience but also to collect statistics on how the website is used. You can find out more about the cookies we set, the information we store and how we use it on the cookies page.



Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

Menu Search

Anon (FoGT) 15III

Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.) 2017, ‘Anonymous Lausavísur, Stanzas from the Fourth Grammatical Treatise 15’ in Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold (eds), Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 3. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 588.

Anonymous LausavísurStanzas from the Fourth Grammatical Treatise


After st. 14. which concludes FoGT’s exemplification of prosopopoeia, there follows a chapter on the rhetorical figure of apostropha, or direct address, often to an absent or imaginary person. This is exemplified by SnSt Lv 6 and the two couplets Ólhv Thómdr 1-2. The following chapter, which contains sts 15 and 16, describes the figure of hendiadys.

text and translation

Skálm vann og hjalt hilmi
hoddbeiðöndum reiðan.

Skálm og hjalt vann hilmi reiðan {hoddbeiðöndum}.
‘Point and hilt made the ruler angry with the gold-requesters [MEN].

notes and context

See Introduction to sts 15 and 16. FoGT introduces hendiadys thus: Endiadís er sv figura, er .ij. svndr lauser lvter erv merkter fyrer einn vskiptíligan lvt, ęðr einn vskiptíligr lutr er settr fyrer .ij. skiptiligvm lutvm, ok er hon vnder dregín samfesting lavssa luta okleysing fastra lvta, sem herHendiadys is that figure where two separate entities are mentioned instead of a single indivisible entity, or one indivisible entity is used for two divisible entities, and it is governed by the fastening together of free entities and the separation of entities that are held fast, as here’. Stanza 15 then follows.

This dróttkvætt couplet provides a good example in support of the surmise that the scribe of W was not the author or redactor of FoGT. If he had been, he would surely have realised that his ‘skamm’ and ‘ef’ in l. 1 were incorrect, as the correct forms, skálm ‘point’ [of a sword]’ and og ‘and’ are given in the prose text immediately following the stanza viz.: her er v skiptiligr lvtr sverðit merkt fyrer skalm okhiallt, svndr lavsa lvtí ‘here an indivisible entity, the sword, is signified by point and hilt, separate entities’.



Text is based on reconstruction from the base text and variant apparatus and may contain alternative spellings and other normalisations not visible in the manuscript text. Transcriptions may not have been checked and should not be cited.

editions and texts

Skj: Anonyme digte og vers [XIII], D. 3. Vers af den 4. grt. afhandling 9: AII, 216, BII, 233, Skald II, 121; SnE 1848-87, II, 206-7, III, 157, FoGT 1884, 128, 257-8, FoGT 2004, 37, 65, 105-6, FoGT 2014, 14-15, 74.


Log in

This service is only available to members of the relevant projects, and to purchasers of the skaldic volumes published by Brepols.
This service uses cookies. By logging in you agree to the use of cookies on your browser.


Stanza/chapter/text segment

Use the buttons at the top of the page to navigate between stanzas in a poem.

Information tab

Interactive tab

The text and translation are given here, with buttons to toggle whether the text is shown in the verse order or prose word order. Clicking on indiviudal words gives dictionary links, variant readings, kennings and notes, where relevant.

Full text tab

This is the text of the edition in a similar format to how the edition appears in the printed volumes.

Chapter/text segment

This view is also used for chapters and other text segments. Not all the headings shown are relevant to such sections.