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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Mdr 19VII

Katrina Attwood (ed.) 2007, ‘Anonymous Poems, Máríudrápa 19’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 494-5.

Anonymous PoemsMáríudrápa
181920

fullrar ‘of complete’

2. fullr (adj.; °compar. -ari, superl. -astr): full, complete

kennings

fagrt blóm fullrar tignar,
‘beautiful flower of complete honour, ’
   = Mary

beautiful flower of complete honour, → Mary
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tignar ‘honour’

tígn (noun f.; °-ar; -ir): honour

kennings

fagrt blóm fullrar tignar,
‘beautiful flower of complete honour, ’
   = Mary

beautiful flower of complete honour, → Mary
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fagrt ‘beautiful’

fagr (adj.; °fagran; compar. fegri, superl. fegrstr): fair, beautiful

kennings

fagrt blóm fullrar tignar,
‘beautiful flower of complete honour, ’
   = Mary

beautiful flower of complete honour, → Mary
Close

blóm ‘flower’

blóm (noun n.; °-s; -): flower

kennings

fagrt blóm fullrar tignar,
‘beautiful flower of complete honour, ’
   = Mary

beautiful flower of complete honour, → Mary
Close

rósa* ‘rose’

rósa (noun f.; °-u; -ur): [rose]

[3] rósa*: rósar B

notes

[3-4] rjóð rósa* ‘red rose’: On the general use of rose imagery in Mariolatry, see Warner 2000, 306-8 and passim. On Mary as a flower, and specifically a rose (symbolising love), see Schottmann 1973, 22-32 and especially 26, where kennings for the Virgin employing a flower word as base and an abstract noun as determinant, as in fagrt blóm fullrar tignar ‘beautiful flower of complete honour’ (ll. 1-2), are analysed.

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rjóð ‘red’

1. rjóðr (noun m.): reddener

notes

[3-4] rjóð rósa* ‘red rose’: On the general use of rose imagery in Mariolatry, see Warner 2000, 306-8 and passim. On Mary as a flower, and specifically a rose (symbolising love), see Schottmann 1973, 22-32 and especially 26, where kennings for the Virgin employing a flower word as base and an abstract noun as determinant, as in fagrt blóm fullrar tignar ‘beautiful flower of complete honour’ (ll. 1-2), are analysed.

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Jésú* ‘Jesus’’

Jésús (noun m.): Jesus

[5] Jésú*: ‘ihesus’ B

notes

[5] Jésú* (gen.) ‘Jesus’: B has the abbreviation ‘ihc’ (with stroke through ascender), which should denote the nom. case Jésús. However, the gen. is required here.

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eignaz ‘will secure’

eigna (verb; °-að-): acquire

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gæzku ‘in goodness’

gœzka (noun f.): goodness

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gnóga ‘abundantly’

gnóga (adv.): [abundantly]

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góðir ‘good’

góðr (adj.): good

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dýrðar ‘of glory’

dýrð (noun f.; °-ar/-a(NoDipl(1279) 44²ˆ); -ir): glory

[8] dýrðar móðir: so 399a‑bˣ, ‘dý[...]mode[...]’ B

kennings

móðir dýrðar,
‘mother of glory ’
   = Mary

mother of glory → Mary
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móðir ‘mother’

móðir (noun f.): mother

[8] dýrðar móðir: so 399a‑bˣ, ‘dý[...]mode[...]’ B

kennings

móðir dýrðar,
‘mother of glory ’
   = Mary

mother of glory → Mary
Close

Interactive view: tap on words in the text for notes and glosses

The poet now returns to the hymn Gaude virgo gratiosa, and specifically to its ll. 5-6, of which ll. 1-4 are a loose reworking: Gaude, rosa speciosa, / Vernans Christo resurgente ‘Rejoice, beautiful rose, at Christ renewed rising up again’. — [5-8]: These ll. render ll. 7-8 of the Lat. hymn: Gaude, mater gloriosa, / Christo coelos ascendente ‘Rejoice, glorious mother, at Christ ascending into the heavens’.

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