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skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Valg Har 4II

Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Valgarðr á Velli, Poem about Haraldr harðráði 4’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 303.

Valgarðr á VelliPoem about Haraldr harðráði
345

Helmingi ‘the unit’

helmingr (noun m.; °-s, dat. -i; -ar): unit, troop

notes

[1] helmingi (m. dat. sg.) ‘unit’: Lit. ‘half’. Used in poetry to refer to a military unit (see ÍF 29, 236 n.; Jesch 2001a, 202-3).

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bautt ‘you ordered’

bjóða (verb; °býðr; bauð, buðu; boðinn (buð- Thom¹ 5²n.)): offer, order, invite

[1] bautt (‘bauð þú’): ‘bouttu’ FskAˣ

notes

[1] bautt hanga ‘ordered to be hanged’: For the construction bjóða plus inf., see LP: bjóða 3.

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hanga ‘to be hanged’

1. hanga (verb): hang

notes

[1] bautt hanga ‘ordered to be hanged’: For the construction bjóða plus inf., see LP: bjóða 3.

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hilmis ‘of a ruler’

hilmir (noun m.): prince, protector

kennings

Kundr hilmis,
‘Descendant of a ruler, ’
   = RULER = Haraldr

Descendant of a ruler, → RULER = Haraldr

notes

[2] kundr hilmis ‘descendant of a ruler [RULER = Haraldr]’: The identity of this ruler is unclear, but it could be Haraldr hárfagri. Kundr ‘descendant’ can also mean ‘son’ (see LP: kundr 1), but ‘the ruler’ can hardly refer to Sigurðr sýr, Haraldr’s father, who was a petty king of the district Opplandene (Upplǫnd) in Norway.

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kundr ‘Descendant’

kundr (noun m.): descendant

kennings

Kundr hilmis,
‘Descendant of a ruler, ’
   = RULER = Haraldr

Descendant of a ruler, → RULER = Haraldr

notes

[2] kundr hilmis ‘descendant of a ruler [RULER = Haraldr]’: The identity of this ruler is unclear, but it could be Haraldr hárfagri. Kundr ‘descendant’ can also mean ‘son’ (see LP: kundr 1), but ‘the ruler’ can hardly refer to Sigurðr sýr, Haraldr’s father, who was a petty king of the district Opplandene (Upplǫnd) in Norway.

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hafið ‘have’

hafa (verb): have

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svát ‘in such a way that’

svát (conj.): so that, so as

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Væringjar ‘Varangians’

væringi (noun m.): Varangian

notes

[4] Væringjar ‘Varangians’: Norsemen in the service of the Byzantine emperor. See Sigfús Blöndal 1978, 4-7.

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færi ‘fewer’

3. fár (adj.; °compar. fǽrri/fárri(Mág² 11ˆ), superl. fǽstr): few

[4] færi: so FskAˣ, ‘færre’ FskBˣ

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Interactive view: tap on words in the text for notes and glosses

After escaping from his incarceration in Constantinople, Haraldr joined the uprising against the Byzantine emperor Michael V Kalaphates (on 20-1 April 1042). Accompanied by his men, he broke into the emperor’s palace and ordered some of the Varangians guarding the emperor to be killed.

For these events, see also ÞjóðA Sex 7-8, ÞSkegg Hardr and Sigfús Blöndal 1978, 94-5. Sigfús Blöndal (1978, 94) believes that the hanging took place after the blinding of Emperor Michael on 21 April, and that Haraldr had been ordered to punish those Varangians who had remained loyal to the emperor.

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