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skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Þskakk Erldr 2II

Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Þorbjǫrn skakkaskáld, Erlingsdrápa 2’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 634.

Þorbjǫrn skakkaskáldErlingsdrápa
123

Greitt ‘smoothly’

greitt (adv.): smoothly

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gumna ‘of men’

gumi (noun m.; °-a; gumar/gumnar): man

kennings

Dróttinn gumna,
‘Lord of men, ’
   = Erlingr

Lord of men, → Erlingr
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dróttinn ‘Lord’

dróttinn (noun m.; °dróttins, dat. dróttni (drottini [$1049$]); dróttnar): lord, master

kennings

Dróttinn gumna,
‘Lord of men, ’
   = Erlingr

Lord of men, → Erlingr
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Gríðar ‘of Gríðr’s’

Gríðr (noun f.; °dat./acc. -i): [Gríðr, Gríður]

kennings

fáks Gríðar.
‘of Gríðr’s steed. ’
   = WOLF

Gríðr’s steed. → WOLF
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fáks ‘steed’

fákr (noun m.; °; -ar): horse

[2] fáks: ‘fags’ J2ˣ, 42ˣ, ‘fars’ H, Hr

kennings

fáks Gríðar.
‘of Gríðr’s steed. ’
   = WOLF

Gríðr’s steed. → WOLF
Close

í ‘in’

í (prep.): in, into

notes

[2, 4] í víðu Túnsbergi ‘in spacious Tønsberg’: Town in Vestfold, south-eastern Norway.

Close

víðu ‘spacious’

víðr (adj.): far

notes

[2, 4] í víðu Túnsbergi ‘in spacious Tønsberg’: Town in Vestfold, south-eastern Norway.

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trauðr ‘reluctant’

trauðr (adj.): reluctant

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esa ‘you are not’

2. vera (verb): be, is, was, were, are, am

notes

[3] esa ‘is not’: This is technically 3rd pers. sg. pres. indic. (plus the negation -a) of the verb vesa ‘be’. ANG (§532, Anm. 1) notes occurrences of es used in 2nd pers. sg., but that form is rare and archaic. An alternative would be to take dróttinn gumna ‘lord of men’ as the subject of esa (so Skj B), but that would leave the first cl. without a vocative referent for the form þér ‘for you’, which is highly irregular (see NN §993).

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tenn ‘the teeth’

tǫnn (noun f.; °tannar; tenn/tennr/tennar): tooth

[3] tenn: tennr H, Hr

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rjóða ‘redden’

rjóða (verb): to redden

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Túnsbergi ‘Tønsberg’

Túnsberg (noun n.): [Tønsberg]

notes

[2, 4] í víðu Túnsbergi ‘in spacious Tønsberg’: Town in Vestfold, south-eastern Norway.

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Hræddusk ‘were terrified’

3. hræða (verb): fear, be afraid

[5] Hræddusk: hræddisk E, hví hræddusk J2ˣ, 42ˣ

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bjartra ‘of bright’

bjartr (adj.; °compar. -ari, superl. -astr): bright

[5] bjartra: bjarta Hr

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uggðu ‘feared’

ugga (verb): to fear, suspect

notes

[7] uggðu eld ‘feared the fire’: When approaching Tønsberg from the sea, Erlingr and his men loaded a boat with straw and wood and set fire to this cargo. The boat drifted toward the harbour, and Erlingr and his troops, obscured by the smoke, rowed after it and came within shooting distance of Hákon’s forces which were marshalled on the pier. The people of Tønsberg feared that the burning ship would set fire to the town.

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eld ‘the fire’

eldr (noun m.; °-s, dat. -i/-(HómÍsl¹‰(1993) 24v²⁴); -ar): fire

notes

[7] uggðu eld ‘feared the fire’: When approaching Tønsberg from the sea, Erlingr and his men loaded a boat with straw and wood and set fire to this cargo. The boat drifted toward the harbour, and Erlingr and his troops, obscured by the smoke, rowed after it and came within shooting distance of Hákon’s forces which were marshalled on the pier. The people of Tønsberg feared that the burning ship would set fire to the town.

Close

sveigðan ‘the bent’

sveigja (verb): bend

[7] sveigðan: so E, J2ˣ, 42ˣ, H, Hr, sveigðir Kˣ, sveigðu F

Close

dyn ‘of the clash’

dynr (noun m.; °dat. -; -ir): din < dynviðr (noun m.)

[8] dynviðir: so E, H, Hr, dynju þér Kˣ, F, dynjaðir J2ˣ, ‘dymoðir’ 42ˣ

kennings

malma dynviðir
‘clash-trees of weapons’
   = WARRIORS

the clash of weapons → BATTLE
the trees of the BATTLE → WARRIORS
Close

dyn ‘of the clash’

dynr (noun m.; °dat. -; -ir): din < dynviðr (noun m.)

[8] dynviðir: so E, H, Hr, dynju þér Kˣ, F, dynjaðir J2ˣ, ‘dymoðir’ 42ˣ

kennings

malma dynviðir
‘clash-trees of weapons’
   = WARRIORS

the clash of weapons → BATTLE
the trees of the BATTLE → WARRIORS
Close

viðir ‘the trees’

1. viðr (noun m.; °-ar, dat. -i/-; -ir, acc. -u/-i): wood, tree < dynviðr (noun m.)

[8] dynviðir: so E, H, Hr, dynju þér Kˣ, F, dynjaðir J2ˣ, ‘dymoðir’ 42ˣ

kennings

malma dynviðir
‘clash-trees of weapons’
   = WARRIORS

the clash of weapons → BATTLE
the trees of the BATTLE → WARRIORS
Close

malma ‘of weapons’

malmr (noun m.; °-s, dat. -i; -ar): metal

kennings

malma dynviðir
‘clash-trees of weapons’
   = WARRIORS

the clash of weapons → BATTLE
the trees of the BATTLE → WARRIORS
Close

malma ‘of weapons’

malmr (noun m.; °-s, dat. -i; -ar): metal

kennings

malma dynviðir
‘clash-trees of weapons’
   = WARRIORS

the clash of weapons → BATTLE
the trees of the BATTLE → WARRIORS
Close

Interactive view: tap on words in the text for notes and glosses

The st. documents the battle of Tønsberg (Vestfold, Norway) between Erlingr skakki and King Hákon herðibreiðr ‘Broad-shoulder’ Sigurðarson in 1161.

The same event is described in Anon (MErl).

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