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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Líkn 28VII

George S. Tate (ed.) 2007, ‘Anonymous Poems, Líknarbraut 28’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 258-9.

Anonymous PoemsLíknarbraut
272829

Heim ‘home’

heim (adv.): home, back

notes

[1] laðar hvern ... heim frá dómi ‘invites each ... home from the Judgement’: Cf. Leið 45/5 and Lil 68/8.

Close

laðar ‘invites’

laða (verb): invite

notes

[1] laðar hvern ... heim frá dómi ‘invites each ... home from the Judgement’: Cf. Leið 45/5 and Lil 68/8.

Close

hvern ‘each’

2. hverr (pron.): who, whom, each, every

notes

[1] laðar hvern ... heim frá dómi ‘invites each ... home from the Judgement’: Cf. Leið 45/5 and Lil 68/8.

Close

frá ‘from’

frá (prep.): from

[1] frá: so 399a‑bˣ, ‘[...]a’ B

notes

[1] laðar hvern ... heim frá dómi ‘invites each ... home from the Judgement’: Cf. Leið 45/5 and Lil 68/8.

Close

dómi ‘the Judgement’

dómr (noun m.; °-s, dat. -i; -ar): judgement; court; -dom, -ness (suffix)

notes

[1] laðar hvern ... heim frá dómi ‘invites each ... home from the Judgement’: Cf. Leið 45/5 and Lil 68/8.

Close

til ‘to’

til (prep.): to

[2] til: ‘[...]’ B, ṭil 399a‑bˣ

Close

gætir ‘The guardian’

gætir (noun m.): guardian

kennings

Gætir glyggranns
‘The guardian of the storm-house ’
   = God

the storm-house → SKY/HEAVEN
The guardian of the SKY/HEAVEN → God
Close

glygg ‘of the storm’

glygg (noun n.; °-s; -): storm < glyggrann (noun n.): storm-house

[4] glyggranns: so 399a‑bˣ, ‘g[...]ýggrannz’ B

kennings

Gætir glyggranns
‘The guardian of the storm-house ’
   = God

the storm-house → SKY/HEAVEN
The guardian of the SKY/HEAVEN → God
Close

glygg ‘of the storm’

glygg (noun n.; °-s; -): storm < glyggrann (noun n.): storm-house

[4] glyggranns: so 399a‑bˣ, ‘g[...]ýggrannz’ B

kennings

Gætir glyggranns
‘The guardian of the storm-house ’
   = God

the storm-house → SKY/HEAVEN
The guardian of the SKY/HEAVEN → God
Close

ranns ‘house’

rann (noun n.): house, hall < glyggrann (noun n.): storm-house

[4] glyggranns: so 399a‑bˣ, ‘g[...]ýggrannz’ B

kennings

Gætir glyggranns
‘The guardian of the storm-house ’
   = God

the storm-house → SKY/HEAVEN
The guardian of the SKY/HEAVEN → God
Close

ranns ‘house’

rann (noun n.): house, hall < glyggrann (noun n.): storm-house

[4] glyggranns: so 399a‑bˣ, ‘g[...]ýggrannz’ B

kennings

Gætir glyggranns
‘The guardian of the storm-house ’
   = God

the storm-house → SKY/HEAVEN
The guardian of the SKY/HEAVEN → God
Close

veg ‘the inglorious’

2. vegr (noun m.; °-s/-ar, dat. -): honour < veglauss (adj.)

notes

[5] veglausum (m. dat. sg.) ‘inglorious’: Possibly also ‘pathless, lacking the way’, appropriate given the poem’s emphasis on ‘way’: vegr (sometimes, as here, ambiguously ‘glory’ or ‘path’) and braut ‘way’, as in the title; i.e. those found to be without glory or honour are those who have abandoned ‘the way of grace’ (see Note to 51/4).

Close

lausum ‘’

lauss (adj.; °compar. lausari): loose, free, without < veglauss (adj.)

notes

[5] veglausum (m. dat. sg.) ‘inglorious’: Possibly also ‘pathless, lacking the way’, appropriate given the poem’s emphasis on ‘way’: vegr (sometimes, as here, ambiguously ‘glory’ or ‘path’) and braut ‘way’, as in the title; i.e. those found to be without glory or honour are those who have abandoned ‘the way of grace’ (see Note to 51/4).

Close

vísar ‘consigns’

2. vísa (verb): show

Close

vándum ‘wicked’

vándr (adj.): wicked

[6] vándum lýð: ‘vo᷎nnd[...]ýd’ B, ‘vo᷎nndụṃ ḷýð’ 399a‑bˣ

notes

[6] vándum lýð ‘wicked host’: Restoration based upon 399a-bˣ; initial vowel (<o᷎> in B) adjusted for rhyme and sense by all eds.

Close

lýð ‘host’

lýðr (noun m.; °-s, dat. -; -ir): one of the people

[6] vándum lýð: ‘vo᷎nnd[...]ýd’ B, ‘vo᷎nndụṃ ḷýð’ 399a‑bˣ

notes

[6] vándum lýð ‘wicked host’: Restoration based upon 399a-bˣ; initial vowel (<o᷎> in B) adjusted for rhyme and sense by all eds.

Close

birti ‘of the radiant’

birti (noun f.; °-): brightness < birtirann (noun n.)

kennings

valdr birtiranns byrjar
‘the ruler of the radiant house of the wind ’
   = God

the radiant house of the wind → SKY/HEAVEN
the ruler of the SKY/HEAVEN → God
Close

birti ‘of the radiant’

birti (noun f.; °-): brightness < birtirann (noun n.)

kennings

valdr birtiranns byrjar
‘the ruler of the radiant house of the wind ’
   = God

the radiant house of the wind → SKY/HEAVEN
the ruler of the SKY/HEAVEN → God
Close

ranns ‘house’

rann (noun n.): house, hall < birtirann (noun n.)

kennings

valdr birtiranns byrjar
‘the ruler of the radiant house of the wind ’
   = God

the radiant house of the wind → SKY/HEAVEN
the ruler of the SKY/HEAVEN → God
Close

ranns ‘house’

rann (noun n.): house, hall < birtirann (noun n.)

kennings

valdr birtiranns byrjar
‘the ruler of the radiant house of the wind ’
   = God

the radiant house of the wind → SKY/HEAVEN
the ruler of the SKY/HEAVEN → God
Close

byrjar ‘of the wind’

byrr (noun m.; °-jar/-s; -ir, acc. -i/-u(SigrVal 188¹³)): favourable wind

kennings

valdr birtiranns byrjar
‘the ruler of the radiant house of the wind ’
   = God

the radiant house of the wind → SKY/HEAVEN
the ruler of the SKY/HEAVEN → God
Close

byrjar ‘of the wind’

byrr (noun m.; °-jar/-s; -ir, acc. -i/-u(SigrVal 188¹³)): favourable wind

kennings

valdr birtiranns byrjar
‘the ruler of the radiant house of the wind ’
   = God

the radiant house of the wind → SKY/HEAVEN
the ruler of the SKY/HEAVEN → God
Close

valdr ‘the ruler’

valdr (noun m.): ruler

kennings

valdr birtiranns byrjar
‘the ruler of the radiant house of the wind ’
   = God

the radiant house of the wind → SKY/HEAVEN
the ruler of the SKY/HEAVEN → God
Close

Interactive view: tap on words in the text for notes and glosses

The st.’s two heaven-kennings, each in a tvíkennt kenning for God and both employing rann ‘house’ as base-word, are somewhat in tension with their contexts. In the first helmingr, which deals with Christ’s mercy, glygg ‘gale, storm’ is the determinant; in the second, whose subject is the damnation of the wicked, byrr ‘favourable wind, breeze’ is used. One might expect these near synonyms to be inverted, forming a better match with the gentler gætir ‘guardian’ of the first helmingr and more forceful valdr ‘ruler’ of the second. As they stand, the two heaven-kennings seem ironic in their relative positions, unless they are meant, in conjunction with the contrastive words for ‘king’, to show potential wrath (‘gale’) at the moment of mercy, and mercy (‘gentle wind’) at the moment of wrath. — On the division of the multitudes at the Last Judgement, see Has 36-9 and the Icel. homily on All Saints (HómÍsl 1993, 21v; HómÍsl 1872, 45); the fullest ON account, based largely on Matt. XXV.32-46, is the ONorw. homily on Doomsday (HómNo, 168-71).

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