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skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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ÞjóðA Lv 10II

Diana Whaley (ed.) 2009, ‘Þjóðólfr Arnórsson, Lausavísur 10’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 174-5.

Þjóðólfr ArnórssonLausavísur
91011

Skalka ‘I shall not’

skulu (verb): shall, should, must

[1] Skalka: Skalkat FskAˣ, Skal Flat

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frá ‘’

frá (prep.): from

[1] frá: om. E

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þótt ‘although’

þótt (conj.): although

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fylkir ‘the commander’

fylkir (noun m.): leader

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falli ‘should fall’

falla (verb): fall

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sjalfr ‘himself’

sjalfr (adj.): self

[2] sjalfr: niðr FskAˣ

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ungum ‘the young’

ungr (adj.): young

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grams ‘of the king’

1. gramr (noun m.): ruler

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Skínnat ‘will not shine’

skína (verb): shine

[5] Skínnat: skínna E, skína J2ˣ, skín at Hr

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sýnni ‘clearer’

sýnn (adj.): visible

[5] sýnni: sinni FskAˣ, ‘syne’ Hr

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snarráðs ‘of swift-counselled’

snarráðr (adj.): swift-counselled, resolute

[6] snarráðs: snarráðrs FskAˣ, snjallráð Mork, snjallráðs Flat, H, Hr

kennings

hefnendr snarráðs Haralds
‘the avengers of swift-counselled Haraldr ’
   = Magnús and Óláfr

the avengers of swift-counselled Haraldr → Magnús and Óláfr
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Haralds ‘Haraldr’

Haraldr (noun m.): Haraldr

kennings

hefnendr snarráðs Haralds
‘the avengers of swift-counselled Haraldr ’
   = Magnús and Óláfr

the avengers of swift-counselled Haraldr → Magnús and Óláfr
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haukar ‘hawks’

1. haukr (noun m.; °-s, dat. -i/-; -ar): hawk

[7] haukar: ‘houkar’ FskAˣ, hauklig Flat

notes

[7] haukar ‘hawks’: I.e. noble, promising young men; cf. Note to Arn Hryn 3/5.

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gǫrvir ‘complete’

1. gera (verb): do, make

[7] gǫrvir (‘gervir’): ‘geyrvír’ F, gerva Flat

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hefnendr ‘the avengers’

hefnandi (noun m.; °-a): [avengers]

[8] hefnendr: efnendr FskAˣ

kennings

hefnendr snarráðs Haralds
‘the avengers of swift-counselled Haraldr ’
   = Magnús and Óláfr

the avengers of swift-counselled Haraldr → Magnús and Óláfr
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konungsefni ‘material for kingship’

konungsefni (noun n.): material for kingship

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Interactive view: tap on words in the text for notes and glosses

In the Hkr, Fsk and H-Hr accounts of the battle of Stamford Bridge, Þjóðólfr speaks a st. immediately after Hharð Lv 14. In Mork and Flat, the st. is not connected with Haraldr’s, but follows Arn Hardr 10 and Hardr 12; Þjóðólfr utters it as the Norwegians await the Engl. army. 

Other sts concerning the battle of Stamford Bridge are: Hharð Lv 13-14, ÞjóðA Lv 11 (below) and Arn Hardr 10-13.

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