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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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ÞjóðA Har 7II

Diana Whaley (ed.) 2009, ‘Þjóðólfr Arnórsson, Stanzas about Haraldr Sigurðarson’s leiðangr 7’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 157-8.

Þjóðólfr ArnórssonStanzas about Haraldr Sigurðarson’s leiðangr

text and translation

Haraldr þeysti nú hraustla
helming sinn at Elfi;
náttar Nóregs dróttinn
nær at landamæri.
Gramr á þing við Þumla;
þars eindagaðr Sveini
hrafni skyldr, nema haldi,
hans fundr, Danir undan.

Haraldr þeysti nú helming sinn hraustla at Elfi; {dróttinn Nóregs} náttar nær at landamæri. Gramr á þing við Þumla; þars fundr hans, skyldr hrafni, eindagaðr Sveini, nema Danir haldi undan.
‘Haraldr has now rushed his troop boldly towards the Götaälv (Elfr); the lord of Norway [= Haraldr] overnights close to the lands’ boundary. The prince holds an assembly off Þumli; there a meeting with him, owed to the raven, is appointed for Sveinn, unless the Danes head away.

notes and context

Now with a favourable wind (cf. previous Context), Haraldr takes his fleet east to the Götaälv (Elfr).

[5-8]: Only and J2ˣ have the readings which produce the prose w. o. and translation above, and it is possible that they are the result of scribal improvement. The reading eindagat in F, H and perhaps E (though miswritten there) would agree with n. acc. sg. þing ‘assembly’ and hence perhaps have þing as its antecedent: þars eindagat Sveini ‘where an assembly has been appointed for Sveinn’, and in ll. 7-8 the F, E readings would give en Danir halda undan fund hans ‘but the Danes head away from a meeting with him’. However, halda undan ‘head away, escape’ does not elsewhere take an acc. object, and this analysis would leave skyldr hrafni ‘owed to the raven’ (and similarly skyldan hrǫfnum in H, Hr) unaccounted for.



Text is based on reconstruction from the base text and variant apparatus and may contain alternative spellings and other normalisations not visible in the manuscript text. Transcriptions may not have been checked and should not be cited.

editions and texts

Skj: Þjóðolfr Arnórsson, 4. Lausavísur 24: AI, 382-3, BI, 352, Skald I, 177, NN §3089; Hkr 1893-1901, III, 158, IV, 226, ÍF 28, 144-5 (HSig ch. 60), F 1871, 226-7, E 1916, 73; Fms 6, 311 (HSig ch. 76), Fms 12, 155.


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