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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Líkn 26VII

George S. Tate (ed.) 2007, ‘Anonymous Poems, Líknarbraut 26’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 256-7.

Anonymous PoemsLíknarbraut
252627

kynnaz ‘be made known’

kynna (verb): make known, reveal

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hnig ‘bowing’

hníga (verb): sink, fall < hnigstafr (noun m.)

kennings

hnigstöfum hljóms hjörva
‘bowing staves of swords’ din ’
   = WARRIORS

swords’ din → BATTLE
bowing staves of the BATTLE → WARRIORS
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stöfum ‘staves’

stafr (noun m.; °-s, dat. -; -ir): staff, post, stave, stick < hnigstafr (noun m.)

kennings

hnigstöfum hljóms hjörva
‘bowing staves of swords’ din ’
   = WARRIORS

swords’ din → BATTLE
bowing staves of the BATTLE → WARRIORS
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hjörva ‘of swords’’

hjǫrr (noun m.): sword

kennings

hnigstöfum hljóms hjörva
‘bowing staves of swords’ din ’
   = WARRIORS

swords’ din → BATTLE
bowing staves of the BATTLE → WARRIORS
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hjörva ‘of swords’’

hjǫrr (noun m.): sword

kennings

hnigstöfum hljóms hjörva
‘bowing staves of swords’ din ’
   = WARRIORS

swords’ din → BATTLE
bowing staves of the BATTLE → WARRIORS
Close

hljóms ‘din’

hljómr (noun m.; °dat. -i): sound

kennings

hnigstöfum hljóms hjörva
‘bowing staves of swords’ din ’
   = WARRIORS

swords’ din → BATTLE
bowing staves of the BATTLE → WARRIORS

notes

[4] hljóms at efsta dómi: Probably based upon Has 6/6 hljóms á efsta dómi.

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hljóms ‘din’

hljómr (noun m.; °dat. -i): sound

kennings

hnigstöfum hljóms hjörva
‘bowing staves of swords’ din ’
   = WARRIORS

swords’ din → BATTLE
bowing staves of the BATTLE → WARRIORS

notes

[4] hljóms at efsta dómi: Probably based upon Has 6/6 hljóms á efsta dómi.

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at ‘at’

3. at (prep.): at, to

notes

[4] hljóms at efsta dómi: Probably based upon Has 6/6 hljóms á efsta dómi.

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efsta ‘the Last’

efri (adj. comp.; °superl. efstr/øfstr (eft- [$1653$] 13r²³, etc.)): higher, highest

notes

[4] hljóms at efsta dómi: Probably based upon Has 6/6 hljóms á efsta dómi.

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dómi ‘Judgement’

dómr (noun m.; °-s, dat. -i; -ar): judgement; court; -dom, -ness (suffix)

notes

[4] hljóms at efsta dómi: Probably based upon Has 6/6 hljóms á efsta dómi.

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Meiðr ‘tree’

meiðr (noun m.): beam, tree

kennings

Hverr meiðr hringmóts
‘Each tree of the sword-meeting ’
   = WARRIOR

the sword-meeting → BATTLE
Each tree of the BATTLE → WARRIOR
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hverr ‘Each’

2. hverr (pron.): who, whom, each, every

kennings

Hverr meiðr hringmóts
‘Each tree of the sword-meeting ’
   = WARRIOR

the sword-meeting → BATTLE
Each tree of the BATTLE → WARRIOR
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ór ‘from out of’

3. ór (prep.): out of

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hauðri ‘the ground’

hauðr (noun n.): earth, ground

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hring ‘of the sword’

1. hringr (noun m.; °-s, dat. -; -ar): ring; sword < hringmót (noun n.)

kennings

Hverr meiðr hringmóts
‘Each tree of the sword-meeting ’
   = WARRIOR

the sword-meeting → BATTLE
Each tree of the BATTLE → WARRIOR
Close

hring ‘of the sword’

1. hringr (noun m.; °-s, dat. -; -ar): ring; sword < hringmót (noun n.)

kennings

Hverr meiðr hringmóts
‘Each tree of the sword-meeting ’
   = WARRIOR

the sword-meeting → BATTLE
Each tree of the BATTLE → WARRIOR
Close

móts ‘meeting’

1. mót (noun n.; °; -): meeting < hringmót (noun n.)

kennings

Hverr meiðr hringmóts
‘Each tree of the sword-meeting ’
   = WARRIOR

the sword-meeting → BATTLE
Each tree of the BATTLE → WARRIOR
Close

móts ‘meeting’

1. mót (noun n.; °; -): meeting < hringmót (noun n.)

kennings

Hverr meiðr hringmóts
‘Each tree of the sword-meeting ’
   = WARRIOR

the sword-meeting → BATTLE
Each tree of the BATTLE → WARRIOR
Close

til ‘to’

til (prep.): to

notes

[6] til alþingis ‘to the Althing’: This conception of the Last Judgement in terms of the Althing is apparently unique in ON. In an Icel. poem the term cannot but evoke the country’s general assembly, the highest court of the land, though in Norway the cpd has a less specific sense, simply ‘a general meeting’ (Fritzner). The Last Judgement is also characterised as a þing ‘assembly’ (not alþingi) in 27/1, Has 32/1, Líkn 27/1, Lil 72/1, and in the late medieval Píslardrápa 32/1, 34/1 (ÍM I.2, 62); cf. mót ‘meeting’ in the ONorw. Doomsday homily (HómNo, 101). In poetry, alþingi otherwise occurs only in HǫrðG Lv 7/2 (Harð 14)V, where it refers to the Icel. general assembly.

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alþingis ‘the Althing’

alþingi (noun n.; °-s; dat. ·þingum): [Althing]

notes

[6] til alþingis ‘to the Althing’: This conception of the Last Judgement in terms of the Althing is apparently unique in ON. In an Icel. poem the term cannot but evoke the country’s general assembly, the highest court of the land, though in Norway the cpd has a less specific sense, simply ‘a general meeting’ (Fritzner). The Last Judgement is also characterised as a þing ‘assembly’ (not alþingi) in 27/1, Has 32/1, Líkn 27/1, Lil 72/1, and in the late medieval Píslardrápa 32/1, 34/1 (ÍM I.2, 62); cf. mót ‘meeting’ in the ONorw. Doomsday homily (HómNo, 101). In poetry, alþingi otherwise occurs only in HǫrðG Lv 7/2 (Harð 14)V, where it refers to the Icel. general assembly.

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fremðar ‘of propitious’

fremð (noun f.): honour < fremðarráð (noun n.)

kennings

fæðis fremðarráðs.
‘the nourisher of propitious counsel.’
   = God

the nourisher of propitious counsel. → God

notes

[7] fæðis fremðarráðs ‘the nourisher of propitious counsel [= God (= Christ)]’: Cf. fœðir fremðarráða ‘king of famous deeds’ (of King Eiríkr Sveinsson of Denmark; Mark Eirdr 4/1II). LP defines fremðarráð (fremðar rð, under fremð) as ‘a deed which wins fame’. Adapted to Christ, the kenning is enriched, more capable of simultaneously suggesting the semantic range of each of its elements: ráð ‘counsel, plan, authority, deed’, perhaps even ‘judgement’; fremð (here translated adjectively) ‘furtherance, aid, fame, nobility’; fæðir ‘nourisher, author’. Christ’s counsels and deeds are both worthy of fame and furthering of salvation.

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ráðs ‘counsel’

ráð (noun n.; °-s; -): advice, plan, control, power < fremðarráð (noun n.)

kennings

fæðis fremðarráðs.
‘the nourisher of propitious counsel.’
   = God

the nourisher of propitious counsel. → God

notes

[7] fæðis fremðarráðs ‘the nourisher of propitious counsel [= God (= Christ)]’: Cf. fœðir fremðarráða ‘king of famous deeds’ (of King Eiríkr Sveinsson of Denmark; Mark Eirdr 4/1II). LP defines fremðarráð (fremðar rð, under fremð) as ‘a deed which wins fame’. Adapted to Christ, the kenning is enriched, more capable of simultaneously suggesting the semantic range of each of its elements: ráð ‘counsel, plan, authority, deed’, perhaps even ‘judgement’; fremð (here translated adjectively) ‘furtherance, aid, fame, nobility’; fæðir ‘nourisher, author’. Christ’s counsels and deeds are both worthy of fame and furthering of salvation.

Close

fæðis ‘the nourisher’

fœðir (noun m.): feeder, nourisher

kennings

fæðis fremðarráðs.
‘the nourisher of propitious counsel.’
   = God

the nourisher of propitious counsel. → God

notes

[7] fæðis fremðarráðs ‘the nourisher of propitious counsel [= God (= Christ)]’: Cf. fœðir fremðarráða ‘king of famous deeds’ (of King Eiríkr Sveinsson of Denmark; Mark Eirdr 4/1II). LP defines fremðarráð (fremðar rð, under fremð) as ‘a deed which wins fame’. Adapted to Christ, the kenning is enriched, more capable of simultaneously suggesting the semantic range of each of its elements: ráð ‘counsel, plan, authority, deed’, perhaps even ‘judgement’; fremð (here translated adjectively) ‘furtherance, aid, fame, nobility’; fæðir ‘nourisher, author’. Christ’s counsels and deeds are both worthy of fame and furthering of salvation.

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hvatliga ‘quickly’

hvatliga (adv.): [quickly]

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skunda ‘hasten’

skunda (verb): hasten

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