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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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ÞjóðA Frag 5II

Diana Whaley (ed.) 2009, ‘Þjóðólfr Arnórsson, Fragments 5’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 163.

Þjóðólfr ArnórssonFragments
45

enda ‘the edge’

endi (noun m.): end

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elg ‘elk’

elgr (noun m.; °-s; -ir/-ar): elk < elgver (noun n.): [elk-sea]

[2] elgvers: ‘eliv gers’ U

kennings

hreins elgvers
‘of the pure elk-sea, ’
   = LAND

the pure elk-sea, → LAND

notes

[2] elgvers ‘of the elk-sea [LAND]’: It is tempting to suspect a pun between elg- ‘elk’ and hreins in l. 3, which although it is here clearly the adj. ‘pure, clean’ qualifying elgvers (and/or possibly hafs ‘ocean’s’) could also call to mind hreinn m. ‘reindeer’. Ver is strictly a fishing-ground.

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vers ‘sea’

1. ver (noun n.; °-s; dat. -jum/-um): sea < elgver (noun n.): [elk-sea]

[2] elgvers: ‘eliv gers’ U

kennings

hreins elgvers
‘of the pure elk-sea, ’
   = LAND

the pure elk-sea, → LAND

notes

[2] elgvers ‘of the elk-sea [LAND]’: It is tempting to suspect a pun between elg- ‘elk’ and hreins in l. 3, which although it is here clearly the adj. ‘pure, clean’ qualifying elgvers (and/or possibly hafs ‘ocean’s’) could also call to mind hreinn m. ‘reindeer’. Ver is strictly a fishing-ground.

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glǫðuðr ‘The gladdener’

glǫðuðr (noun m.): [gladdener]

[2] glǫðuðr: ‘gloþ[...]r’ W

kennings

Glǫðuðr hersa
‘The gladdener of hersar
   = RULER

The gladdener of hersar → RULER
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hersa ‘of hersar

hersir (noun m.; °-is; -ar): cheiftan

kennings

Glǫðuðr hersa
‘The gladdener of hersar
   = RULER

The gladdener of hersar → RULER
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hreins ‘of the pure’

2. hreinn (adj.; °compar. hreinari/hreinni, superl. hreinastr/hreinstr): pure

[3] hreins: hrein W

kennings

hreins elgvers
‘of the pure elk-sea, ’
   = LAND

the pure elk-sea, → LAND
Close

við ‘by’

2. við (prep.): with, against

[3] við: ‘[...]’ W

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húfi ‘by the hull’

húfr (noun m.; °dat. -i): hull

[3] húfi: ‘[...]vfi’ W

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rónum ‘rowed’

2. róa (verb): row

[3] rónum: ‘þunum’ Tˣ

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hafs ‘of the ocean’

haf (noun n.; °-s; *-): sea

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far ‘the vessel’

far (noun n.; °-s; *-): travel, vessel, trace, life, conduct

[4] far: so Tˣ, W, B, ‘fiar’ R

notes

[4] far gotna ‘the vessel of men’: So most eds, and this is the most natural reading. Sveinbjörn Egilsson mentioned this as an alternative, but otherwise took hersa gotna ‘chieftains of men’ (præfectores virorum) together (SnE 1848-87, I, 322-3 and n. 11).

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gotna ‘of men’

gotnar (noun m.): men

notes

[4] far gotna ‘the vessel of men’: So most eds, and this is the most natural reading. Sveinbjörn Egilsson mentioned this as an alternative, but otherwise took hersa gotna ‘chieftains of men’ (præfectores virorum) together (SnE 1848-87, I, 322-3 and n. 11).

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The st. appears earlier in the same section of Skm as Sex 3. The section begins by listing types of earth-kenning including sjár dýranna ‘sea of animals’.

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