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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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ÞjóðA Sex 28II

Diana Whaley (ed.) 2009, ‘Þjóðólfr Arnórsson, Sexstefja 28’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 143-4.

Þjóðólfr ArnórssonSexstefja

text and translation

Lét hræteina hveiti
hrynja gramr ór brynju;
vill, at vexti belli
valbygg, Haraldr, Yggjar.

Gramr lét {hveiti hræteina} hrynja ór brynju; Haraldr vill, at {{Yggjar val}bygg} belli vexti.
‘The king caused wheat of carrion-twigs [SPEARS] to pour out of his mail-coat; Haraldr wants the barley of the falcon of Yggr <= Óðinn> [(lit. ‘Yggr’s falcon-barley’) RAVEN > CORPSES] to display increase.

notes and context

The st. illustrates the fifth type of metonymy, in which an object stands for its material, the example here being of hveiti ‘wheat’ representing korn ‘grain, corn’. 



Text is based on reconstruction from the base text and variant apparatus and may contain alternative spellings and other normalisations not visible in the manuscript text. Transcriptions may not have been checked and should not be cited.

editions and texts

Skj: Þjóðolfr Arnórsson, 3. Sexstefja 32: AI, 376, BI, 346, Skald I, 174, NN §2218B; SnE 1848-87, II, 164, 421, TGT 1884, 106, TGT 1927, 78, TGT 1998, 210-11.


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