Cookies on our website

We use cookies on this website, mainly to provide a secure browsing experience but also to collect statistics on how the website is used. You can find out more about the cookies we set, the information we store and how we use it on the cookies page.



Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

Menu Search

ÞjóðA Sex 25II

Diana Whaley (ed.) 2009, ‘Þjóðólfr Arnórsson, Sexstefja 25’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 138-9.

Þjóðólfr ArnórssonSexstefja

text and translation

Refsir reyndan ofsa
ráðgegn Haraldr þegnum;
hykk, at hilmis rekkar
haldi upp, þvís valda.
Sverðs hafa slíkar byrðar
— sanns nýtr hverr við annan —
— Haraldr skiptir svá heiptum —
hljótendr, es sér brjóta.

Ráðgegn Haraldr refsir þegnum reyndan ofsa; hykk, at rekkar hilmis haldi upp, þvís valda. {Hljótendr sverðs} hafa slíkar byrðar, es brjóta sér; hverr nýtr sanns við annan; Haraldr skiptir svá heiptum.
‘The purposeful Haraldr punishes his retainers for their proven arrogance; I think the prince’s warriors are paying for what they start. The possessors of the sword [WARRIORS] have such burdens as they break off for themselves; each gains what is right from the other; Haraldr deals out hostility in this way.

notes and context

Continuing the epitaph to Haraldr (see previous Context), the author describes his imposing appearance and his ruthlessness in quelling opposition.



Text is based on reconstruction from the base text and variant apparatus and may contain alternative spellings and other normalisations not visible in the manuscript text. Transcriptions may not have been checked and should not be cited.

editions and texts

Skj: Þjóðolfr Arnórsson, 3. Sexstefja 24: AI, 375, BI, 344-5, Skald I, 173, NN §1228; Hkr 1893-1901, III, 220, IV, 242, ÍF 28, 199, Hkr 1991, 690 (HSig ch. 99), F 1871, 253, E 1916, 102; Fms 6, 429 (HSig ch. 124), Fms 12, 168.


Log in

This service is only available to members of the relevant projects, and to purchasers of the skaldic volumes published by Brepols.
This service uses cookies. By logging in you agree to the use of cookies on your browser.


Stanza/chapter/text segment

Use the buttons at the top of the page to navigate between stanzas in a poem.

Information tab

Interactive tab

The text and translation are given here, with buttons to toggle whether the text is shown in the verse order or prose word order. Clicking on indiviudal words gives dictionary links, variant readings, kennings and notes, where relevant.

Full text tab

This is the text of the edition in a similar format to how the edition appears in the printed volumes.

Chapter/text segment

This view is also used for chapters and other text segments. Not all the headings shown are relevant to such sections.