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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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ÞjóðA Sex 21II

Diana Whaley (ed.) 2009, ‘Þjóðólfr Arnórsson, Sexstefja 21’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 135-6.

Þjóðólfr ArnórssonSexstefja

text and translation

Tók Holmbúa hneykir
harðan taum við Rauma;
þar hykk fast ins frœkna
fylking Haralds gingu.
Eldr vas gǫrr at gjaldi;
gramr réð, en þá téði
hár í hóf at fœra
hrótgarmr búendr arma.

{Hneykir Holmbúa} tók harðan taum við Rauma; þar hykk fylking ins frœkna Haralds gingu fast. Eldr vas gǫrr at gjaldi; gramr réð, en {hár hrótgarmr} téði þá at fœra arma búendr í hóf.
‘The confounder of the Island-dwellers [= Haraldr] took a hard rein against the Raumar; there I think the troop of the bold Haraldr advanced strongly. Fire was used in requital; the king had his way, and the towering roof-hound [FIRE] served then to bring the wretched farmers into moderation.

notes and context

In Hkr, after the battle at the Nissan (Niz), Haraldr ravages Romerike (Raumaríki) because the people had withheld taxes and supported his enemies; this st. appears first in the Hkr account. In Fsk, Mork and H-Hr the st. follows 19, with a brief note that Haraldr burned the settlements of Romerike.

Mork has l. 1 in the main text and ll. 1-8 in the lower margin in the same hand.



Text is based on reconstruction from the base text and variant apparatus and may contain alternative spellings and other normalisations not visible in the manuscript text. Transcriptions may not have been checked and should not be cited.

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