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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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ÞjóðA Magnfl 17II

Diana Whaley (ed.) 2009, ‘Þjóðólfr Arnórsson, Magnússflokkr 17’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 84-5.

Þjóðólfr ArnórssonMagnússflokkr
161718

Hizig ‘there’

hizig (adv.): there, thither

[1] Hizig: ‘Hitzsik’ H, ‘Hítt ek’ Flat

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laut ‘stooped’

1. lúta (verb): (strong)

[1] laut: hlaut H, Flat

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Helganes ‘Helgenæs’

Helganes (noun n.): [Helgenæs]

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kesjum ‘halberds’

kesja (noun f.; °-u; -ur): halberd, spear

notes

[2] kesjum ‘halberds’: Spears that could be used for throwing or hand-to-hand fighting; see Falk 1914, 78-80.

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Sveins ‘Sveinn’s’

2. Sveinn (noun m.): Sveinn

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verðir ‘deserving’

3. verðr (adj.): worth, worthy

[4] verðir: verðar J2ˣ

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Mætr ‘The excellent’

mætr (adj.; °compar. -ri/-ari, superl. -astr): honoured, respected

kennings

Mætr gramr Mœra
‘The excellent lord of the Mœrir ’
   = NORWEGIAN KING = Magnús

The excellent lord of the Mœrir → NORWEGIAN KING = Magnús
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helt ‘held’

halda (verb): hold, keep

[5] helt: hlaut Hr

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Mœra ‘of the Mœrir’

1. mœrr (noun m.; °; -ir): pl. Mœrir

kennings

Mætr gramr Mœra
‘The excellent lord of the Mœrir ’
   = NORWEGIAN KING = Magnús

The excellent lord of the Mœrir → NORWEGIAN KING = Magnús
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gramr ‘lord’

1. gramr (noun m.): ruler

kennings

Mætr gramr Mœra
‘The excellent lord of the Mœrir ’
   = NORWEGIAN KING = Magnús

The excellent lord of the Mœrir → NORWEGIAN KING = Magnús
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í ‘in’

í (prep.): in, into

[6] í: om. Flat

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snœri ‘thong’

snœri (noun n.; °; -): cable, thong

[6] snœri: ‘stiǫri’ E

notes

[6] snœri ‘thong’: Cf. snœridǫrr ‘thonged javelins’ in st. 10/6 above.

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odd ‘the point’

oddr (noun m.; °-s, dat. -i; -ar): point of weapon

[7] odd: ‘oð’ E, J2ˣ, oddr Flat

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rauð ‘reddened’

rjóða (verb): to redden

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ǫrr ‘the valiant’

ǫrr (adj.): generous, brave

[8] ǫrr: ara H

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landreki ‘land-ruler’

landreki (noun m.): land-ruler

notes

[8] landreki ‘land-ruler’: This could be regarded as a borderline kenning. Meissner (p. 353) points out that it is perceived as a kenning, but comes to be used as the base-word of a kenning, an example being ESk Hardr II 1/6, 8, where it is qualified by Dana ‘of Danes’. It also occurs among heiti for ‘king’ in Þul Konunga 2/6III, and Þjóðólfr uses the word in Sex 9, 15 and 27.

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dǫrrum ‘with spears’

dǫrr (noun m.): spear

[8] dǫrrum: ‘doprvm’ H, ‘draurum’ Flat

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Interactive view: tap on words in the text for notes and glosses

Magnús continues to pursue Sveinn across Denmark until he flees to Sweden. Magnús establishes peaceful rule over Denmark and repairs to Norway. Learning this, Sveinn musters troops in Sweden and Skåne (Skáney) and subdues the Dan. islands. Magnús sails south and fights Sveinn off Helgenæs (Helganes). He has fewer forces but bigger and better appointed ships. In a fierce battle, Magnús fights all night with hand-thrown missiles (handskot).

On the battle off Helgenæs (Helganes) and its aftermath, see also ÞjóðA Magn 6-7, and Arn Magndr 12, 13 and 16. In Flat the st. is placed between Arn Magndr 13 and 16, and hence implicitly attributed to Arnórr.

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