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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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ÞjóðA Magn 4II

Diana Whaley (ed.) 2009, ‘Þjóðólfr Arnórsson, Stanzas about Magnús Óláfsson in Danaveldi 4’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 91-2.

Þjóðólfr ArnórssonStanzas about Magnús Óláfsson in Danaveldi
345

roðna ‘reddened’

roðinn (adj.): reddened < blóðroðinn (adj.): blood-reddened

[2] ‑roðna: ‘roða’ 39, ‑rauða F, E, J2ˣ, Hr

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svá ‘so’

svá (adv.): so, thus

notes

[3] svá ‘so’: (a) This may simply be an intensifier to mǫrg ‘many’, as assumed here (and in NN §852). (b) Finnur Jónsson takes it with spurði ‘learned’ in l. 1, translating ‘thus’ (således, Hkr 1893-1901, IV, Skj B). (c) ÍF 28 suggests the sense ‘also’ (einnig), and reads svá átti mǫrg ǫld blóðroðna skjǫldu ‘many men also had blood-reddened shields [as well as standards]’ (Hkr 1991 similar).

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Selunds ‘in Sjælland’

Selund (noun n.): Zealand, Sjælland

[4] Selunds: ‘selunnz’ E, J2ˣ, selund H, Hr

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hverr ‘who’

2. hverr (pron.): who, whom, each, every

[4] hverr vé: hvé H, hver hvé Hr

notes

[4] hverr bæri vé ‘who carried the standard’: The sense of this could be literal, referring to a famous standard-bearer or possibly to Magnús himself in this role, or it could be figurative, perhaps ‘who was victorious’ (cf. ÞjóðA Magnfl 19/6-8 berr hann hæri skjǫld ‘he bears the higher shield’), or ‘who the enemies were’ (as suggested in ÍF 28; cf. Hkr 1991).

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‘the standard’

2. vé (noun n.; °; -): banner, standard

[4] hverr vé: hvé H, hver hvé Hr

notes

[4] hverr bæri vé ‘who carried the standard’: The sense of this could be literal, referring to a famous standard-bearer or possibly to Magnús himself in this role, or it could be figurative, perhaps ‘who was victorious’ (cf. ÞjóðA Magnfl 19/6-8 berr hann hæri skjǫld ‘he bears the higher shield’), or ‘who the enemies were’ (as suggested in ÍF 28; cf. Hkr 1991).

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bæri ‘carried’

3. bera (verb; °berr; bar, báru; borinn): bear, carry

notes

[4] hverr bæri vé ‘who carried the standard’: The sense of this could be literal, referring to a famous standard-bearer or possibly to Magnús himself in this role, or it could be figurative, perhaps ‘who was victorious’ (cf. ÞjóðA Magnfl 19/6-8 berr hann hæri skjǫld ‘he bears the higher shield’), or ‘who the enemies were’ (as suggested in ÍF 28; cf. Hkr 1991).

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Auð ‘For the wealth’

1. auðr (noun m.; °-s/-ar, dat. -i/-): wealth < auðtróða (noun f.)

[5] Auðtróðu varð auðit: aur trðu vér áðan E, J2ˣ

kennings

Auðtróðu
‘For the wealth-pole ’
   = WOMAN

For the wealth-pole → WOMAN

notes

[5] auðtróðu varð auðit ‘for the wealth-pole [WOMAN] her lot was’: The variant reading in E, J2ˣ aur trðu vér áðan ‘we trod the mud before’ makes sense in itself but not in the context of the st.

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tróðu ‘pole’

tróða (noun f.; °-u): stick < auðtróða (noun f.)

[5] Auðtróðu varð auðit: aur trðu vér áðan E, J2ˣ

kennings

Auðtróðu
‘For the wealth-pole ’
   = WOMAN

For the wealth-pole → WOMAN

notes

[5] auðtróðu varð auðit ‘for the wealth-pole [WOMAN] her lot was’: The variant reading in E, J2ˣ aur trðu vér áðan ‘we trod the mud before’ makes sense in itself but not in the context of the st.

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varð ‘was’

1. verða (verb): become, be

[5] Auðtróðu varð auðit: aur trðu vér áðan E, J2ˣ

notes

[5] auðtróðu varð auðit ‘for the wealth-pole [WOMAN] her lot was’: The variant reading in E, J2ˣ aur trðu vér áðan ‘we trod the mud before’ makes sense in itself but not in the context of the st.

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auðit ‘lot’

auðinn (adj.; °compar. auðnari): fated, decreed

[5] Auðtróðu varð auðit: aur trðu vér áðan E, J2ˣ

notes

[5] auðtróðu varð auðit ‘for the wealth-pole [WOMAN] her lot was’: The variant reading in E, J2ˣ aur trðu vér áðan ‘we trod the mud before’ makes sense in itself but not in the context of the st.

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yfir ‘through’

yfir (prep.): over

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at ‘to’

5. at (nota): to (with infinitive)

[6] at: ‑en E, enn J2ˣ

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spróga ‘dash’

spróga (verb): [dash]

[6] spróga: gnógar E, J2ˣ

notes

[6] spróga ‘dash’: A rare word, for which LP cites only this context, as well as the horse-name Sprógr, and ONP has only one citation. See also ÍO: spróga 2, and cf. New Norw. sproga ‘jump, skip’.

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‘a great’

Týr (noun m.): Týr < týmargr (adj.)

[7] tý‑: om. E, J2ˣ

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margr ‘ many’

2. margr (adj.; °-an): many < týmargr (adj.)

[7] ‑margr: margir E

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iljar ‘soles’

il (noun f.; °; -jar): footsole

[8] iljar: illrar H, ilja Hr

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Interactive view: tap on words in the text for notes and glosses

Magnús and his forces pursue Sveinn and his men into Sjælland (Selund, Zealand), killing those they catch.

[1-4]: (a) The arrangement adopted above is necessary since the obvious assumption that ǫld ‘men’ (l. 2) is the subject of spurði ‘learned’ (l. 1) would, among other things, leave átti ‘had, owned’ (l. 3) without a subject. (b) As a variant on this interpretation, satts, at svá mǫrg ‘it is true that so many / it is true that, thus, many’ could be taken with the outer cl. in ll. 1 and 4, bringing mǫrg mær ‘many a maiden’ together, rather than with the rest of ll. 2-3. This is adopted by Finnur Jónsson in Skj B, though the result is a somewhat more disjointed helmingr, against which Kock reacts in Skald and NN §§852, 2028, with ÍF 28 and Hkr 1991 following.

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