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skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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ÞjóðA Magnfl 1II

Diana Whaley (ed.) 2009, ‘Þjóðólfr Arnórsson, Magnússflokkr 1’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 64-5.

Þjóðólfr ArnórssonMagnússflokkr
12

Vast ‘you were’

2. vera (verb): be, is, was, were, are, am

[1] Vast (‘Vastv’): ‘vatstu’ 2368ˣ(126)

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Ôleifs ‘Óláfr’s’

Óláfr (noun m.): Óláfr

kennings

Sonr Ôleifs,
‘Óláfr’s son, ’
   = Magnús

Óláfr’s son, → Magnús
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sonr ‘son’

sonr (noun m.; °-ar, dat. syni; synir, acc. sonu, syni): son

kennings

Sonr Ôleifs,
‘Óláfr’s son, ’
   = Magnús

Óláfr’s son, → Magnús
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austan ‘from the east’

austan (adv.): from the east

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eflðr ‘powerfully launched’

efla (verb; °-fld-/-að-(RómvUpph¹ 382²⁴)): strengthen

notes

[2] eflðr ‘powerfully launched’: The translation attempts to capture the idea of support and empowerment present in the verb efla (cf. afl n. ‘power, strength’). The reference is presumably to the young Magnús setting out from Novgorod (Hólmgarðr) across the Baltic; cf. next st.

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skeflða ‘heaped’

2. skefla (verb): pile up, heap

notes

[2] skeflða ‘heaped’: The image is of foaming waves piled up like a skafl m. ‘snow-drift’.

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The couplet is cited in W to illustrate fornǫfn ‘substitutions’ or viðkenningar ‘circumlocutions’ (see Faulkes 1987, 152) in which an individual is referred to in relation to his family, by being called father, grandfather, son or brother of a named person. Magnús Óláfsson included the couplet in LaufE, copying it from W both in its original context and in a set of skaldic citations illustrating terms for the sea, here vatnið skeflða ‘heaped water’ (LaufE 1979, 368).

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