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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Þjóð Yt 23I

Edith Marold (ed.) 2012, ‘Þjóðólfr ór Hvini, Ynglingatal 23’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 50.

Þjóðólfr ór HviniYnglingatal

text and translation

En Eysteinn
fyr ási fór
til Býleists
bróður meyjar.
Ok nú liggr
und lagar beinum
rekks lǫðuðr
á raðar braddi,
þars élkaldr
hjá jǫfur gauzkum
Vǫðlu straumr
at vági kømr.

En Eysteinn fór fyr ási til {meyjar {bróður Býleists}}. Ok nú liggr {lǫðuðr rekks} und {beinum lagar} á braddi raðar, þars élkaldr straumr Vǫðlu kømr at vági hjá gauzkum jǫfur.
‘And Eysteinn went because of the sail-yard to the maiden of the brother of Býleistr <mythological being> [= Loki > = Hel]. And now the inviter of the warrior [RULER] lies under the bones of the sea [STONES] at the edge of the ridge where the blizzard-cold stream of the Vaðla empties into the bay near the Gautish prince.

notes and context

Eysteinn, son of Haraldr hvítbeinn, is the ruler of Vestfold. On the return journey from a plundering expedition to Varna (in Østfold), he is killed when Skjǫldr, the ruler of the region he has just plundered, uses magic to stir up heavy seas. While seated at the helm, Eysteinn is struck by the sail-yard of another ship and knocked overboard. He is buried in a mound near the mouth of the Vaðla in Borró (Borre).

This death by vengeful magic, presumably a local legend, is recorded only in Yng; the other prose sources know nothing of it (Beyschlag 1950, 87-8).



Text is based on reconstruction from the base text and variant apparatus and may contain alternative spellings and other normalisations not visible in the manuscript text. Transcriptions may not have been checked and should not be cited.

editions and texts

Skj: Þjóðólfr ór Hvini, enn hvinverski, 1. Ynglingatal 31: AI, 14, BI, 12-13, Skald I, 8; Hkr 1893-1901, I, 79, IV, 23-4, ÍF 26, 77-8, Hkr 1991, I, 45 (Yng ch. 46), F 1871, 31; Yng 1912, 51, 68, Yng 2000, 65-6; Yt 1914, 15, Yt 1925, 208, 247-9.


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