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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Þjóð Yt 16I

Edith Marold (ed.) 2012, ‘Þjóðólfr ór Hvini, Ynglingatal 16’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 36.

Þjóðólfr ór HviniYnglingatal

text and translation

Þat frák enn,
at Aðils fjǫrvi
vitta véttr
of viða skyldi.
Ok dáðgjarn
af drasils bógum
Freys ôttungr
falla skyldi.
Ok við aur
ægir hjarna
bragnings burs
of blandinn varð.
Ok dáðsæll
deyja skyldi
Ála dolgr
at Uppsǫlum.

Þat frák enn, at {véttr vitta} skyldi of viða fjǫrvi Aðils. Ok {dáðgjarn ôttungr Freys} skyldi falla af bógum drasils. Ok ægir hjarna {burs bragnings} varð of blandinn við aur. Ok {dáðsæll dolgr Ála} skyldi deyja at Uppsǫlum.
‘ I have learned, further, that the creature of charms [SORCERESS] had to destroy the life of Aðils. And the deed-eager descendant of Freyr [= Swedish king] had to fall off the back of the steed. And the sea [fluid] of the brains of the son of the ruler [RULER] was blended with mud. And the deed-fortunate enemy of Áli had to die at Uppsala.

notes and context

At a sacrificial feast for the dísir (minor female deities), while riding around the dísarsalr (the hall (or temple?) of the dís), King Aðils, son of Óttarr falls from his horse. He hits his head on a stone, shattering his skull so that his brains spill out onto the ground. He is buried in a mound in Uppsala.

This stanza contains a series of correspondences with other stanzas of Yt: véttr vitta ‘the creature of charms’ in l. 3 corresponds with st. 3/3, of viða skyldi ‘had to destroy’ in l. 4 with sts 1/8 and 26/14, and at Uppsǫlum ‘at Uppsala’ in l. 16 with st. 13/2. This is remarkable, because Yt as a whole contains few such repetitions (ok sikling ‘and the ruler’ in sts 1/5 and 17/5 and ok allvald ‘and the almighty’ in sts 4/9 and 7/9).



Text is based on reconstruction from the base text and variant apparatus and may contain alternative spellings and other normalisations not visible in the manuscript text. Transcriptions may not have been checked and should not be cited.

editions and texts

Skj: Þjóðólfr ór Hvini, enn hvinverski, 1. Ynglingatal 21-22: AI, 11-12, BI, 11, Skald I, 7, NN §§1012 Anm. 2, 2206B; Hkr 1893-1901, I, 57, IV, 17, ÍF 26, 59, Hkr 1991, 33 (Yng ch. 29), F 1871, 22; Yng 1912, 37-8, 64-5, Yng 2000, 45-6; Yt 1914, 10-11, Yt 1925, 204, 238-9.


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