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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Þjóð Yt 2I

Edith Marold (ed.) 2012, ‘Þjóðólfr ór Hvini, Ynglingatal 2’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 10.

Þjóðólfr ór HviniYnglingatal

text and translation

En dagskjarr
Dúrnis niðja
Sveigði vélti,
þás í stein
hinn stórgeði
Dusla konr
ept dvergi hljóp.
Ok salr bjartr
þeira Sǫkmímis
við jǫfri gein.

En {dagskjarr {{Dúrnis niðja} sal}vǫrðuðr} vélti Sveigði, þás {hinn stórgeði konr Dusla} hljóp í stein ept dvergi. Ok {bjartr jǫtunbyggðr salr þeira Sǫkmímis} gein við jǫfri.
‘And the daylight-shy guard of the hall of the descendants of Dúrnir <dwarf> [(lit. ‘hall-guard of the descendants of Dúrnir’) DWARFS > ROCK > DWARF] tricked Sveigðir when the great-minded offspring of Dusli [= Sveigðir] ran into the rock after the dwarf. And the bright giant-inhabited hall of Sǫkmímir <giant> and his followers [ROCK] gaped at the prince.

notes and context

King Sveigðir succeeds his father Fjǫlnir. He makes a vow to search for Óðinn and Goðheim(a)r, a name for Svíþjóð in mikla ‘Great Sweden’ according to Yng (ÍF 26, 9-10, 22). The evening after a feast at Steinn in eastern Sweden, the king sees a dwarf by a large rock. The dwarf invites the king to enter if he wants to see Óðinn. The king follows the dwarf, enters the rock and never comes out again.

Sveigðir’s death has been associated with a motif familiar from traditional folktales and known as (ModSwed.) bergtagning ‘abduction into a mountain by supernatural beings’ (see de Boor 1924, 552; Lindow 1995, 8; ‘Bergentrückt’ [‘mountain-lured’], HDA, 1, 1056-71; Boberg 1966, 109 (F 451.5.2.4 Dwarfs kidnap mortals)).



Text is based on reconstruction from the base text and variant apparatus and may contain alternative spellings and other normalisations not visible in the manuscript text. Transcriptions may not have been checked and should not be cited.

editions and texts

Skj: Þjóðólfr ór Hvini, enn hvinverski, 1. Ynglingatal 2: AI, 7, BI, 7, Skald I, 4, NN §§1782, 1783A; Hkr 1893-1901, I, 27, IV, 4-5, ÍF 26, 28, Hkr 1991, I, 15-16 (Yng ch. 12), F 1871, 10; Yng 1912, 20, 57, Yng 2000, 16; Yt 1914, 1, Yt 1925, 198, 216‑17.


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