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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Þjóð Haustl 12III

Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.) 2017, ‘Þjóðólfr ór Hvini, Haustlǫng 12’ in Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold (eds), Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 3. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 449.

Þjóðólfr ór HviniHaustlǫng

text and translation

Heyrðak svá, þat síðan
sveik apt ása leiku
hugreynandi Hœnis
hauks flugbjalfa aukinn.
Ok lómhugaðr lagði
leikblaðs Reginn fjaðrar
ern at ǫglis barni
arnsúg faðir Mǫrnar.

Heyrðak svá, þat {hugreynandi Hœnis}, aukinn {flugbjalfa} hauks, síðan sveik apt {leiku ása}. Ok {lómhugaðr faðir Mǫrnar}, {Reginn {leikblaðs fjaðrar}}, lagði ern arnsúg at {barni ǫglis}.
‘I have heard thus, that the thought-trier of Hœnir [= Loki], strengthened with a hawk’s flight-skin [WINGS], afterwards recovered the playmate of the gods [= Iðunn] by trickery. And the deceit-minded father of Mǫrn <= Skaði> [= Þjazi], the Reginn <legendary smith> of the play-blade of the feather [WING > GIANT = Þjazi], directed a swift eagle-sucking at the hawk’s child [HAWK = Loki].

notes and context

As for st. 1.

According to Skm (SnE 1998, I, 2), after the gods had threatened Loki with death or torture, he became so frightened that he undertook to journey to Jǫtunheimar and recover Iðunn, if Freyja would lend him her falcon shape (valshamr). He flew in this shape north to Jǫtunheimar and discovered Þjazi rowing out to sea, having left Iðunn at home alone. Loki found her, turned her into a nut, and flew back to Ásgarðr with her in his claws. Þjazi soon discovered his loss, adopted his eagle shape and set off in hot pursuit of Loki, ok dró arnsúg í flugnum ‘and caused an eagle-sucking in his flying’. See Note to ll. 7, 8 below. — [5-8]: Several possible syntactic arrangements of these lines have been proposed. Lómhugaðr ‘deceit-minded’ (l. 5) can be taken either with Reginn, legendary smith name (l. 6) or faðir ‘father’ (l. 8). Both nouns form kennings for Þjazi. Most eds and commentators have opted for the adj. to qualify faðir Mǫrnar (l. 8), but Kock (NN §138), followed by Holtsmark (1949, 36), favours the connection with Reginn. Marold (1983, 167, 185-7) argues on the basis of the kenning-type that lómhugaðr faðir Mǫrnar is the more likely arrangement. The adj. ern ‘swift, energetic’ (l. 7) may be construed with reginn and the kenning of which it forms part (see following Note) or with arnsúg ‘eagle-sucking’ (l. 8), as argued by Kock (NN §138) and Marold (1983, 167). For the gen. form Mǫrnar, see Note to st. 6/4 above.



Text is based on reconstruction from the base text and variant apparatus and may contain alternative spellings and other normalisations not visible in the manuscript text. Transcriptions may not have been checked and should not be cited.

editions and texts

Skj: Þjóðólfr ór Hvini, enn hvinverski, 2. Haustlǫng 12: AI, 18-19, BI, 16, Skald I, 11, NN §§138, 159; SnE 1848-87, I, 314-15, III, 46-7, SnE 1931, 112, SnE 1998, I, 33.


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