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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Þhorn Harkv 7I

R. D. Fulk (ed.) 2012, ‘Þorbjǫrn hornklofi, Haraldskvæði (Hrafnsmál) 7’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 100.

Þorbjǫrn hornklofiHaraldskvæði (Hrafnsmál)

text and translation

‘Heyrðir þú, í Hafrsfirði         hvé hizug barðisk
konungr inn kynstóri         við Kjǫtva inn auðlagða?
Knerrir kvômu austan         kapps of lystir
með gínǫndum hǫfðum         ok grǫfnum tinglum.

‘Heyrðir þú, hvé inn kynstóri konungr barðisk við Kjǫtva inn auðlagða hizug í Hafrsfirði? Knerrir kvômu austan, of lystir kapps, með gínǫndum hǫfðum ok grǫfnum tinglum.
‘‘Have you heard how the high-born king fought with Kjǫtvi inn auðlagði (‘the Wealthy’) there in Hafrsfjorden? Ships came from the east, eager for battle, with gaping figure-heads and graven prow-boards.

notes and context

Stanzas 7-11 are cited to describe the battle of Hafrsfjǫrðr (Hafrsfjorden), the climax of Haraldr’s quest to impose control and taxation on the whole of Norway. The enemy fleet is under two kings, Kjǫtvi and Haklangr (and others are named in Hkr and Flat). The stanzas follow the description of the preparations for the battle in Fsk and Flat, and of its outcome in Hkr.

For the battle of Hafrsfjǫrðr, see also Þjóð Har 4, and possibly Þhorn Gldr 3-5. In addition to the account in Hkr, which derives chiefly from the present poem, there is one in Egils saga (ÍF 2 , 22-7). See also ‘Ruler biographies’ in Introduction to this volume, and Note to l. 4 below. — Stanzas 7-11 are attributed to Þjóðólfr ór Hvini in Fsk and Flat but to Þorbjǫrn hornklofi in Hkr



Text is based on reconstruction from the base text and variant apparatus and may contain alternative spellings and other normalisations not visible in the manuscript text. Transcriptions may not have been checked and should not be cited.

editions and texts

Skj: Þórbjǫrn hornklofi, 2. Haraldskvæði (Hrafnsmál) 7: AI, 25, BI, 23, Skald I, 14; Hkr 1777-1826, I, 95, VI, 17, Hkr 1868, 62, Hkr 1893-1901, I, 124, IV, 34, ÍF 26, 115-16, Hkr 1991, I, 71 (HHárf ch. 18/19), F 1871, 48; Fsk 1902-3, 16 (ch. 2), ÍF 29, 67 (ch. 3); Fms 10, 190, Fms 12, 225, Flat 1860-8, I, 574 (HarHárf); Möbius 1860, 229, Jón Helgason 1946, 142-3, Jón Helgason 1968, 17.


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