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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Þhorn Harkv 14I

R. D. Fulk (ed.) 2012, ‘Þorbjǫrn hornklofi, Haraldskvæði (Hrafnsmál) 14’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 108.

Þorbjǫrn hornklofiHaraldskvæði (Hrafnsmál)
131415

Hafnaði ‘rejected’

1. hafna (verb): abandon, reject

[1] Hafnaði Holmrygjum: ‘Hafnadí hilmir ruium’ Bb, ‘Hafnnade hunnmo᷎rgum’ Flat(6ra), hafnaði hann Holmrygjum Flat(77ra)

notes

[1] hafnaði ‘rejected’: Snorri’s interpretation of the context in Hkr reveals that he understood the verb to mean ‘parted with’ (so also Magerøy 1963, 84; Jochens 1995, 31), but the meaning of the stanza may well be not that Haraldr parted with so many wives or concubines but that although he could have married a woman from any part of Norway, he chose a Dane instead. See Koht (1927-9, 430-1), in response to Schreiner (1927-9b, 172-3). Following Snorri’s interpretation, to explain the connection between this stanza and st. 13, Lindquist (1929, 7) supposes some lines to have been lost from the beginning of this stanza, to the effect that the women speak ill of Haraldr because of an old grudge. Harris (1985, 97) perceives the tone of this stanza as mocking. For a listing of the numerous women with whom Haraldr is said to have fathered children, see Hkr 1991, III, 135.

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húnnmǫrgum ‘’

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ruium ‘’

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Holmrygjum ‘the Hólmrygir’

holmrygr (noun m.): [Hólmrygir]

[1] Hafnaði Holmrygjum: ‘Hafnadí hilmir ruium’ Bb, ‘Hafnnade hunnmo᷎rgum’ Flat(6ra), hafnaði hann Holmrygjum Flat(77ra)

notes

[1] Holmrygjum ‘the Hólmrygir’: Residents of the islands (hólmr m. ‘island’) of Rogaland, in this context clearly the female residents. Finnur Jónsson (Hkr 1893-1901, IV, 37; LP: Holmrygir), perhaps expecting instead a gen. pl. parallel with Hǫrða ‘of the Hǫrðar’ (actually supplied in Möbius 1860 and in Sueti 1884, 26), and noting that this refers to women only, suggests that the second constituent of the cpd could be a form of rýgr ‘lady’, with a pun on -rygjum (so also ÍF 26, 119-20; Olsen 1942b, 28-30).

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ok ‘and’

3. ok (conj.): and, but; also

[2] ok Hǫrða: Haraldr Flat(6ra)

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Hǫrða ‘of the Hǫrðar’

hǫrðr (noun m.): the Hǫrðar

[2] ok Hǫrða: Haraldr Flat(6ra)

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hverri ‘every’

2. hverr (pron.): who, whom, each, every

[3] hverri: herran Bb

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inni ‘single one’

2. inn (art.): the

[3] inni: inum Bb, inn Flat(6ra)

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hvinversku ‘’

hvinverskr (adj.)

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heinversku ‘from Hedmark’

heinverskr (adj.): [from Hedmark]

[3] heinversku: heinverskum Bb, hœversku 325IX 1 bˣ, Flat(6ra), hvinversku Flat(77ra)

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ok ‘and’

3. ok (conj.): and, but; also

[4] ok Hǫlga ættar: ok hǫlða ættar J1ˣ, J2ˣ, Flat(77ra), hilmir norrœni Flat(6ra)

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Hǫlga ‘of Hǫlgi’

Hǫlgi (noun m.): Hǫlgi

[4] ok Hǫlga ættar: ok hǫlða ættar J1ˣ, J2ˣ, Flat(77ra), hilmir norrœni Flat(6ra)

notes

[4] Hǫlga ‘of Hǫlgi’: The eponymous ruler of Hálogaland (Hålogaland).

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ættar ‘of the family’

1. ætt (noun f.; °-ar; -ir): family

[4] ok Hǫlga ættar: ok hǫlða ættar J1ˣ, J2ˣ, Flat(77ra), hilmir norrœni Flat(6ra)

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es ‘who’

2. er (conj.): who, which, when

[6] es: om. Bb, 325IX 1 bˣ, Flat(6ra)

notes

[6] es ‘who’: This word may instead be temporal ‘when’ (so Sueti 1884, 27; Kershaw 1922, 79).

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ina ‘the’

2. inn (art.): the

[6] konu ina: ‘[...]na’ J2ˣ;    ina: om. Flat(6ra)

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dǫnsku ‘Danish’

danskr (adj.): Danish

[6] dǫnsku: danska Flat(6ra)

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Interactive view: tap on words in the text for notes and glosses

In both Hkr and ÓT, the stanza is cited in evidence of the report that Haraldr gave up all his nine or ten wives in order to win the hand of Ragnhildr (see the preceding stanza); the context in HarHárf (Flat(77ra)) is similar.

The stanza is attributed to Þjóðólfr (ór Hvini) in HarHárf (Flat(77ra)), though the different version cited in Flat(6ra) is called Þorbjǫrn’s. — [5]: The line repeats st. 7/3, and thus Sueti (1884, 16) cites this as evidence that the sts about Haraldr’s court and those about the battle were composed by the same poet. It does not occur elsewhere in the skaldic corpus.

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