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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Þhorn Gldr 4I

Edith Marold (ed.) 2012, ‘Þorbjǫrn hornklofi, Glymdrápa 4’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 83.

Þorbjǫrn hornklofiGlymdrápa
345

all ‘the very’

all- ((prefix)): very < allsnœfr (adj.): very deft

[1] allsnœfrir: so F, J1ˣ, J2ˣ, 761aˣ(20v/8), ‘allz næfrir’ Kˣ, ‘orð nófrir’ FskBˣ, ósnæfrir FskAˣ, ‘ofnæfrir’ Flat

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nófrir ‘’

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snœfrir ‘vigorous’

snœfr (adj.): vigorous, skilful, strong < allsnœfr (adj.): very deft

[1] allsnœfrir: so F, J1ˣ, J2ˣ, 761aˣ(20v/8), ‘allz næfrir’ Kˣ, ‘orð nófrir’ FskBˣ, ósnæfrir FskAˣ, ‘ofnæfrir’ Flat

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orða ‘word’

orð (noun n.; °-s; -): word < orðalauss (adj.)

notes

[2, 4] kvǫddusk orðalaust dynskotum ‘greeted each other wordlessly with din-shots’: The opponents’ shooting at one another is metaphorically compared to a greeting (kvǫddusk). This metaphorical use is made more explicit by the blend of the figurative (kvǫddusk ‘greeted each other’) and the concrete (dynskotum ‘with din-shots’). Orðalaust ‘wordlessly’, a n. adj. used adverbially, focuses additional attention on the metaphorical use of kvǫddusk by directly contradicting it. The metaphor is then reiterated by the kenning rǫdd rauðra randa ‘the voice of the red shields [BATTLE]’ (cf. Fidjestøl 1982, 219).

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laust ‘lessly’

lauss (adj.; °compar. lausari): loose, free, without < orðalauss (adj.)

notes

[2, 4] kvǫddusk orðalaust dynskotum ‘greeted each other wordlessly with din-shots’: The opponents’ shooting at one another is metaphorically compared to a greeting (kvǫddusk). This metaphorical use is made more explicit by the blend of the figurative (kvǫddusk ‘greeted each other’) and the concrete (dynskotum ‘with din-shots’). Orðalaust ‘wordlessly’, a n. adj. used adverbially, focuses additional attention on the metaphorical use of kvǫddusk by directly contradicting it. The metaphor is then reiterated by the kenning rǫdd rauðra randa ‘the voice of the red shields [BATTLE]’ (cf. Fidjestøl 1982, 219).

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endisk ‘sufficed’

1. enda (verb; °-að-): end, last

notes

[3] endisk ‘sufficed’: For the meaning ‘suffice’ see LP: enda 2; Fritzner: enda 5. The sense seems to be that the only communication necessary was the fighting and the sound it made.

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rauðra ‘of the red’

rauðr (adj.; °compar. -ari): red

kennings

rǫdd rauðra randa
‘the voice of the red shields ’
   = BATTLE

the voice of the red shields → BATTLE
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randa ‘shields’

rǫnd (noun f.; °dat. -/-u; rendr/randir): shield, shield-rim

kennings

rǫdd rauðra randa
‘the voice of the red shields ’
   = BATTLE

the voice of the red shields → BATTLE
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rǫdd ‘the voice’

rǫdd (noun f.; °raddar, dat. -/u; raddir): voice

[4] rǫdd: so all others, rǫð Kˣ

kennings

rǫdd rauðra randa
‘the voice of the red shields ’
   = BATTLE

the voice of the red shields → BATTLE
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dyn ‘with din’

dynr (noun m.; °dat. -; -ir): din < dynskot (noun n.): °?shot which makes a noise (without causing harm)

notes

[2, 4] kvǫddusk orðalaust dynskotum ‘greeted each other wordlessly with din-shots’: The opponents’ shooting at one another is metaphorically compared to a greeting (kvǫddusk). This metaphorical use is made more explicit by the blend of the figurative (kvǫddusk ‘greeted each other’) and the concrete (dynskotum ‘with din-shots’). Orðalaust ‘wordlessly’, a n. adj. used adverbially, focuses additional attention on the metaphorical use of kvǫddusk by directly contradicting it. The metaphor is then reiterated by the kenning rǫdd rauðra randa ‘the voice of the red shields [BATTLE]’ (cf. Fidjestøl 1982, 219).

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skotum ‘shots’

skot (noun n.; °-s; -): shot < dynskot (noun n.): °?shot which makes a noise (without causing harm)

notes

[2, 4] kvǫddusk orðalaust dynskotum ‘greeted each other wordlessly with din-shots’: The opponents’ shooting at one another is metaphorically compared to a greeting (kvǫddusk). This metaphorical use is made more explicit by the blend of the figurative (kvǫddusk ‘greeted each other’) and the concrete (dynskotum ‘with din-shots’). Orðalaust ‘wordlessly’, a n. adj. used adverbially, focuses additional attention on the metaphorical use of kvǫddusk by directly contradicting it. The metaphor is then reiterated by the kenning rǫdd rauðra randa ‘the voice of the red shields [BATTLE]’ (cf. Fidjestøl 1982, 219).

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kvꜹddr ‘’

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kvǫddusk ‘greeted each other’

2. kveðja (verb): say, greet

[4] kvǫddusk: so F, J1ˣ, J2ˣ, FskBˣ, FskAˣ, Flat, 761aˣ(20v/8), ‘kvꜹddr’ Kˣ

notes

[2, 4] kvǫddusk orðalaust dynskotum ‘greeted each other wordlessly with din-shots’: The opponents’ shooting at one another is metaphorically compared to a greeting (kvǫddusk). This metaphorical use is made more explicit by the blend of the figurative (kvǫddusk ‘greeted each other’) and the concrete (dynskotum ‘with din-shots’). Orðalaust ‘wordlessly’, a n. adj. used adverbially, focuses additional attention on the metaphorical use of kvǫddusk by directly contradicting it. The metaphor is then reiterated by the kenning rǫdd rauðra randa ‘the voice of the red shields [BATTLE]’ (cf. Fidjestøl 1982, 219).

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See st. 3.

On the arrangement of sts 3-4, for which this edn follows the Fsk mss, see Note to st. 3 [All].

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