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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Þfisk Lv 3II

Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Þorgils fiskimaðr, Lausavísur 3’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 335-6.

Þorgils fiskimaðrLausavísur
23

Víg lézt, Vinða mýgir,
virðum kunn of unnin
— Þrœndr drifu ríkt und randir —
rǫmm; en þat vas skǫmmu.
Enn fyr Serkland sunnan
snarr þengill hjó drengi;
kunni gramr at gunni
gǫng; vas þat fyr lǫngu.

{Mýgir Vinða}, lézt of unnin rǫmm víg, kunn virðum; Þrœndr drifu ríkt und randir; en þat vas skǫmmu. Enn fyr sunnan Serkland hjó snarr þengill drengi; gramr kunni gǫng at gunni; vas þat fyr lǫngu.

{Oppressor of the Wends} [= Haraldr], you waged furious wars, known to men; the Þrœndir pressed on mightily beneath shield-rims; and that was recently. And, south of the land of the Saracens, the swift ruler cut down warriors; the lord knew how to advance in battle; that was long ago.

Mss: Mork(17r) (Mork); Flat(202ra) (Flat); H(70r), Hr(50vb) (H-Hr); F(54vb)

Readings: [1] lézt: lét H, Hr    [2] virðum: víðum H, Hr;    kunn: kunnr Flat;    of: ok Flat;    unnin: unnit F    [3] Þrœndr drifu ríkt und randir: gerðisk geira harðra F;    Þrœndr: Þrœndir Hr;    und: með Flat    [4] rǫmm: glǫmm F    [5] ‑land: ‑lǫnd Flat    [6] þengill: so all others, ‘þegill’ Mork    [8] vas þat fyr (‘var þat fyr’): en þat var Flat, H, F, en þat Hr

Editions: Skj AI, 401, Skj BI, 369, Skald I, 184, NN §§806, 847D; Mork 1867, 102, Mork 1928-32, 249, Andersson and Gade 2000, 254, 480 (MH); Flat 1860-8, III, 378 (MH); Fms 6, 387 (HSig ch. 108); F 1871, 256 (HSig).

Context: As sts 1-2 above.

Notes: [All]: In F the st. is attributed to Þjóðólfr Arnórsson. — [1-4]: The first half-st. refers to the battle of Stiklestad in 1030. — [3] ríkt ‘mightily’: Skj B connects this adv. with the first cl. (lézt ríkt of unninn ‘waged mightily’), which creates an impossible w. o. (see NN §§806, 847D). — [4] rǫmm (n. acc. pl.) ‘furious’: The F reading, gerðisk geira harðra glǫmm (ll. 3-4) is ungrammatical (glǫmm ‘noise’ is n. nom. or acc. pl. and gerðisk ‘came about’ 3rd pers. sg. pret. indic.) and requires the emendation glǫmm (pl.) to glamm (sg.): glamm harðra geira gerðisk ‘the noise of hard spears (i.e. ‘battle’) came about’. — [5] Serkland ‘the land of the Saracens’: See Note to Hharð Lv 10/7. — [6] drengi (m. acc. pl.) ‘warriors’: For the different meanings of this word, see Note to st. 1/8 above.

References

  1. Bibliography
  2. Skj B = Finnur Jónsson, ed. 1912-15b. Den norsk-islandske skjaldedigtning. B: Rettet tekst. 2 vols. Copenhagen: Villadsen & Christensen. Rpt. 1973. Copenhagen: Rosenkilde & Bagger.
  3. Fms = Sveinbjörn Egilsson et al., eds. 1825-37. Fornmanna sögur eptir gömlum handritum útgefnar að tilhlutun hins norræna fornfræða fèlags. 12 vols. Copenhagen: Popp.
  4. Skald = Kock, Ernst Albin, ed. 1946-50. Den norsk-isländska skaldediktningen. 2 vols. Lund: Gleerup.
  5. NN = Kock, Ernst Albin. 1923-44. Notationes Norrœnæ: Anteckningar till Edda och skaldediktning. Lunds Universitets årsskrift new ser. 1. 28 vols. Lund: Gleerup.
  6. Andersson, Theodore M. and Kari Ellen Gade, trans. 2000. Morkinskinna: The Earliest Icelandic Chronicle of the Norwegian Kings (1030-1157). Islandica 51. Ithaca and London: Cornell University Press.
  7. Flat 1860-8 = Gudbrand Vigfusson [Guðbrandur Vigfússon] and C. R. Unger, eds. 1860-8. Flateyjarbók. En samling af norske konge-sagaer med indskudte mindre fortællinger om begivenheder i og udenfor Norge samt annaler. 3 vols. Christiania (Oslo): Malling.
  8. Mork 1928-32 = Finnur Jónsson, ed. 1928-32. Morkinskinna. SUGNL 53. Copenhagen: Jørgensen.
  9. F 1871 = Unger, C. R., ed. 1871. Fríssbók: Codex Frisianus. En samling af norske konge-sagaer. Christiania (Oslo): Malling.
  10. Mork 1867 = Unger, C. R., ed. 1867. Morkinskinna: Pergamentsbog fra første halvdel af det trettende aarhundrede. Indeholdende en af de ældste optegnelser af norske kongesagaer. Oslo: Bentzen.
  11. Internal references
  12. Not published: do not cite (HSigII)
  13. Not published: do not cite (MHII)
  14. Diana Whaley 2009, ‘(Biography of) Þjóðólfr Arnórsson’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 57-176.
  15. Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Haraldr harðráði Sigurðarson, Lausavísur 10’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 51-2.
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