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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Þfagr Sveinn 5II

Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Þorleikr fagri, Flokkr about Sveinn Úlfsson 5’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 317.

Þorleikr fagriFlokkr about Sveinn Úlfsson
456

Ulfs ‘Úlfr’s’

3. Ulfr (noun m.): Úlfr

kennings

Óskmǫgr Ulfs,
‘Úlfr’s beloved son, ’
   = Sveinn

Úlfr’s beloved son, → Sveinn
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Elfar ‘the Götaälv’

elfr (noun f.): river

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ósk ‘beloved’

ósk (noun f.; °-ar; dat. -um): wish, desire < óskmǫgr (noun m.)

kennings

Óskmǫgr Ulfs,
‘Úlfr’s beloved son, ’
   = Sveinn

Úlfr’s beloved son, → Sveinn
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mǫgr ‘son’

mǫgr (noun m.; °; megir, acc. mǫgu): son, boy < óskmǫgr (noun m.)

kennings

Óskmǫgr Ulfs,
‘Úlfr’s beloved son, ’
   = Sveinn

Úlfr’s beloved son, → Sveinn
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Gunnar ‘of Gunnr’

Gunnr (noun f.): Gunnr

kennings

veðri Gunnar,
‘the storm of Gunnr, ’
   = BATTLE

the storm of Gunnr, → BATTLE
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veðri ‘the storm’

2. veðr (noun n.; °-s; -): weather, wind, storm

kennings

veðri Gunnar,
‘the storm of Gunnr, ’
   = BATTLE

the storm of Gunnr, → BATTLE
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Skolla ‘flutter’

skolla (verb): ridicule, rock

[5] Skolla: so 51ˣ, ‘skollo’ FskBˣ

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þars ‘where’

þars (conj.): where

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vápn ‘weapon’

vápn (noun n.; °-s; -): weapon < vápnlauðr (noun n.)

kennings

rauðu vápnlauðri;
‘red weapon-foam ’
   = BLOOD

red weapon-foam → BLOOD
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lauðri ‘foam’

lauðr (noun n.): foam, surf < vápnlauðr (noun n.)

kennings

rauðu vápnlauðri;
‘red weapon-foam ’
   = BLOOD

red weapon-foam → BLOOD
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drífr ‘covers’

2. drífa (verb; °drífr; dreif, drifu; drifinn): drive, rush

notes

[6] drífr (3rd pers. sg. pres. indic.) ‘covers’: Drífa ‘fly, drift, cover’ is used impersonally with rauðu vápnlauðri (n. dat. sg.) ‘red weapon-foam’ (l. 6) as a dat. instr. and vǫllu (m. acc. pl.) ‘fields’ (l. 5) as an acc. of place.

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rauðu ‘red’

rauðr (adj.; °compar. -ari): red

kennings

rauðu vápnlauðri;
‘red weapon-foam ’
   = BLOOD

red weapon-foam → BLOOD
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regn ‘the rain’

regn (noun n.; °-s; -): rain

kennings

regn Gauts
‘the rain of Gautr ’
   = ARROWS

the rain of Gautr → ARROWS
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Gauts ‘of Gautr’

2. Gautr (noun m.): Gautr, Óðinn

kennings

regn Gauts
‘the rain of Gautr ’
   = ARROWS

the rain of Gautr → ARROWS
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gǫgnum ‘through’

gegnum (prep.): through

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gull ‘Gold’

gull (noun n.): gold < gullmerkðr (adj.)

[8] gullmerk*ð Hôolfs: ‘gullmarkuð holfs’ FskBˣ, 51ˣ

notes

[8] gullmerk*ð (n. nom. pl.) ‘gold-embroidered’: Merk- (rather than mark-) is determined by the internal rhyme, and the syllable - in gullmarkuð ‘gold-embroidered’ (so both mss) is secondary. It must have been added to achieve a l. with six syllables. The metre requires a disyllabic word in positions 1-2 with the hiatus word Holfs ‘Hálfr’s’, which had not yet been syncopated (cf. the later ms. form ‘holfs’; so both mss), in positions 3-4.

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merk*ð ‘embroidered’

[8] gullmerk*ð Hôolfs: ‘gullmarkuð holfs’ FskBˣ, 51ˣ

notes

[8] gullmerk*ð (n. nom. pl.) ‘gold-embroidered’: Merk- (rather than mark-) is determined by the internal rhyme, and the syllable - in gullmarkuð ‘gold-embroidered’ (so both mss) is secondary. It must have been added to achieve a l. with six syllables. The metre requires a disyllabic word in positions 1-2 with the hiatus word Holfs ‘Hálfr’s’, which had not yet been syncopated (cf. the later ms. form ‘holfs’; so both mss), in positions 3-4.

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Hôolfs ‘Hálfr’s’

Halfr (noun m.): Hálfr

[8] gullmerk*ð Hôolfs: ‘gullmarkuð holfs’ FskBˣ, 51ˣ

kennings

serki Hôolfs.
‘Hálfr’s shirts. ’
   = BYRNIES

Hálfr’s shirts. → BYRNIES

notes

[8] serki Hôolfs ‘Hálfr’s <legendary king’s> shirts [BYRNIES]’: Hálfr was a legendary warrior king (see Hálfs saga ok Hálfsrekka (Hálf), especially chs 12-13).

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serki ‘shirts’

1. serkr (noun m.; °-s, dat. -/-i; -ir): shirt

kennings

serki Hôolfs.
‘Hálfr’s shirts. ’
   = BYRNIES

Hálfr’s shirts. → BYRNIES

notes

[8] serki Hôolfs ‘Hálfr’s <legendary king’s> shirts [BYRNIES]’: Hálfr was a legendary warrior king (see Hálfs saga ok Hálfsrekka (Hálf), especially chs 12-13).

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