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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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ÞSjár Þórdr 4I

Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2012, ‘Þórðr Særeksson (Sjáreksson), Þórálfs drápa Skólmssonar 4’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 240.

Þórðr Særeksson (Sjáreksson)Þórálfs drápa Skólmssonar
34

Afreks ‘an exceptional deed’

Afrekr (noun m.): great deed

[1] Afreks: afrek FskAˣ

notes

[1] afreks (n. gen. sg.) ‘an exceptional deed’: The verb vita (veit 3rd pers. sg. pres. indic.) in the meaning ‘signal, point to, forebode’ can take either gen. or acc. The clause is impersonal.

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þars ‘when’

þars (conj.): where

[1] þars (‘þar er’): þat er F, 61, 325IX 1 a, Bb, FskAˣ, þá J1ˣ, þá er J2ˣ

notes

[1] þars ‘when’: More usually ‘where’, but the reference is to the whole situation. Other eds prefer the variant þats ‘that’, which is equally possible.

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allríkr ‘the all-powerful’

allríkr (adj.): very powerful

kennings

allríkr Njǫrðr gǫndlar,
‘the all-powerful Njǫrðr of battle, ’
   = WARRIOR = Þórálfr

the all-powerful Njǫrðr of battle, → WARRIOR = Þórálfr
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slíkum ‘such’

2. slíkr (adj.): such

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gǫndlar ‘of battle’

gǫndul (noun f.): battle

[3] gǫndlar: gumnar FskBˣ, gunnar FskAˣ

kennings

allríkr Njǫrðr gǫndlar,
‘the all-powerful Njǫrðr of battle, ’
   = WARRIOR = Þórálfr

the all-powerful Njǫrðr of battle, → WARRIOR = Þórálfr

notes

[3] Njǫrðr gǫndlar ‘Njǫrðr <god> of battle [WARRIOR = Þórálfr]’: For a similar kenning, see Arn Rǫgndr 1/3II and Note. Gǫndul is the name of a valkyrie but could also be used as a common noun gǫndul ‘battle’ (see LP: Gǫndul).

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Njǫrðr ‘Njǫrðr’

Njǫrðr (noun m.): Njǫrðr

[3] Njǫrðr: morðr FskBˣ, móðr FskAˣ

kennings

allríkr Njǫrðr gǫndlar,
‘the all-powerful Njǫrðr of battle, ’
   = WARRIOR = Þórálfr

the all-powerful Njǫrðr of battle, → WARRIOR = Þórálfr

notes

[3] Njǫrðr gǫndlar ‘Njǫrðr <god> of battle [WARRIOR = Þórálfr]’: For a similar kenning, see Arn Rǫgndr 1/3II and Note. Gǫndul is the name of a valkyrie but could also be used as a common noun gǫndul ‘battle’ (see LP: Gǫndul).

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sás ‘who’

sás (conj.): the one who

[3] sás (‘sa er’): þeim er FskBˣ, FskAˣ

notes

[3] sás ‘who’: The m. nom. sg. demonstrative refers back to Njǫrðr gǫndlar ‘the Njǫrðr of battle’ i.e. Þórálfr Skólmsson. The Fsk variant þeims (m. dat. sg.) agrees with jǫfri ‘prince’ (l. 1), i.e. Hákon, who would then be the subject of the rel. clause.

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gerði ‘prepared’

1. gera (verb): do, make

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Hugins ‘Huginn’s’

1. Huginn (noun m.): Huginn

[4] Hugins: hugar 325IX 1 a, Bb

kennings

drekku Hugins,
‘Huginn’s banquet, ’
   = CORPSES

Huginn’s banquet, → CORPSES

notes

[4] drekku Hugins ‘Huginn’s <raven’s> banquet [CORPSES]’: The word drekka can mean both ‘banquet, drinking feast’ and ‘drink’. If taken in the latter meaning, the kenning would denote ‘blood’. Huginn, like Muninn (st. 3/6), was Óðinn’s raven, and the occurrence of the two names in kennings in two consecutive stanzas may have been deliberate.

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drekkju ‘’

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drekku ‘banquet’

1. drekka (noun f.; °-u): [drink, banquet]

[4] drekku: drekkju 325IX 1 a, Bb

kennings

drekku Hugins,
‘Huginn’s banquet, ’
   = CORPSES

Huginn’s banquet, → CORPSES

notes

[4] drekku Hugins ‘Huginn’s <raven’s> banquet [CORPSES]’: The word drekka can mean both ‘banquet, drinking feast’ and ‘drink’. If taken in the latter meaning, the kenning would denote ‘blood’. Huginn, like Muninn (st. 3/6), was Óðinn’s raven, and the occurrence of the two names in kennings in two consecutive stanzas may have been deliberate.

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As sts 2-3 above.

[All]: In Hkr and ÓT, sts 3/1-4 and 4 form a single stanza.

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