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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Styrkárr Frag 1III

Edith Marold (ed.) 2017, ‘Styrkárr Oddason, Fragment 1’ in Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold (eds), Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 3. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 395.

Styrkárr OddasonFragment1

text and translation

Ok ept ítrum støkkvi
ók Hǫgna lið vǫgnum
hlunns á Heita fannir
hyrjar flóðs af móði.

Ok lið Hǫgna ók {vǫgnum hlunns} af móði á {fannir Heita} ept {ítrum støkkvi {hyrjar flóðs}}.
‘And Hǫgni’s troop drove the launcher’s wagons [SHIPS] in a rage onto the snowdrifts of Heiti <sea-king> [WAVES] after the excellent scatterer of the flood’s fire [GOLD > GENEROUS MAN].

notes and context

In both Skm and LaufE, the helmingr is cited to illustrate a kenning for ‘ship’ using vagn ‘wagon’ as a base-word.

The incident alluded to cannot be identified with certainty. Faulkes (SnE 1998, I, 200) suggests that it may belong to the story of Hildr Hǫgnadóttir, related in Skm (SnE 1998, I, 72) and mentioned in Bragi Rdr 8-11, RvHbreiðm Hl 45-6 and SnSt Ht 49. In Snorri’s account, the legendary King Hǫgni pursued by ship and confronted King Heðinn Hjarrandason, who had invaded his kingdom and abducted his daughter Hildr (whose name means ‘battle’), with the consequence that the two kings’ forces are doomed to fight a daily battle (Hjaðningavíg ‘Battle of the Hjaðningar’) to the end of time (see Context to Bragi Rdr 8). If that is the case, the kenning støkkvi hyrjar flóðs ‘scatterer of the flood’s fire [GOLD > GENEROUS MAN]’ (ll. 1, 4) would refer to Heðinn.



Text is based on reconstruction from the base text and variant apparatus and may contain alternative spellings and other normalisations not visible in the manuscript text. Transcriptions may not have been checked and should not be cited.

editions and texts

Skj: Styrkárr Oddason, Af et ubestemmeligt digt: AI, 417, BI, 387, Skald I, 192; SnE 1848-87, I, 446-7, II, 333, 444, III, 88, SnE 1848, 91, SnE 1931, 158, SnE 1998, I, 76; LaufE 1979, 395.


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