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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Sturl Hryn 2II

Valgerður Erna Þorvaldsdóttir (ed.) 2009, ‘Sturla Þórðarson, Hrynhenda 2’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 679.

Sturla ÞórðarsonHrynhenda
123

text and translation

Austan sendi gulli glæsta
Gauta stýrir megindýrum,
seima þollr, með sæmðum öllum
sína dóttur arfa þínum.
Völdugr tóktu af mestri mildi,
málma skerðir, Svía ferðar
— aldir dýrka yðvart veldi
eirarsamt — við brúðför þeiri.

{Stýrir Gauta} sendi austan megindýrum arfa þínum dóttur sína, glæsta gulli, með öllum sæmðum, {þollr seima}. {Völdugr skerðir málma}, tóktu af mestri mildi við þeiri brúðför ferðar Svía; aldir dýrka eirarsamt veldi yðvart.
 
‘The commander of the Gautar [= Birgir Magnússon] sent from the east to your most noble heir his daughter, adorned with gold, with all honours, fir-tree of gold [MAN]. Powerful diminisher of weapons [WARRIOR], you received with the greatest generosity the bridal train of the Swedes’ troop; people glorify your peaceful empire.

notes and context

Jarl Birgir sent his daughter Ríkiza from Sweden in 1251 to marry King Hákon’s son Hákon ungi ‘the Young’.

There were political reasons for the marriage of Ríkiza and Hákon ungi. In 1225 King Hákon invaded Värmland, as Sturla mentions in Hákkv 7-8, and Jarl Birgir was anxious to avoid further conflict with the Norw. king. At a meeting in 1249, they promised not to support each other’s enemies. In addition, Hákon gained the support of the jarl in his aggressive policy towards the Danes and could focus on expanding his state to the south (Helle 1974, 128-9).

readings

sources

Text is based on reconstruction from the base text and variant apparatus and may contain alternative spellings and other normalisations not visible in the manuscript text. Transcriptions may not have been checked and should not be cited.

editions and texts

Skj: Sturla Þórðarson, 3. Hrynhenda 2: AII, 102, BII, 113-14, Skald II, 60; F 1871, 542, E 1916, 635-6, Hák 1910-86, 627, Hák 1977-82, 154, Flat 1860-8, III, 183.

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