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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Sturl Hrafn 20II

Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Sturla Þórðarson, Hrafnsmál 20’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 744-5.

Sturla ÞórðarsonHrafnsmál

text and translation

Beit at brynmóti
brún í rauðtúnum
egg of ódyggvar
aldar gunntjalda,
áðr en egghríðar
undan víglundum
skyndu ský-Þundar
skoskir alþroskins.

Brún egg beit í {rauðtúnum {gunntjalda}} of ódyggvar aldar at {brynmóti}, áðr en skoskir {{{egghríðar} ský-}Þundar} skyndu undan {víglundum} alþroskins.
‘The shining sword-edge bit in the red enclosures of battle-tents [SHIELDS > SHIELD-WALLS] around unfaithful men at the byrnie-meeting [BATTLE], before the Scottish Þundar <= Óðinn’s> of the cloud of the edge-storm [(lit. ‘cloud-Þundar of the edge-storm’) BATTLE > SHIELD > WARRIORS] hastened away from the slaughter-trees [WARRIORS] of the very manly one.

notes and context

As st. 19 above.

[1-4]: The present edn follows NN §1363. Skj B construes the helmingr as follows: Brún egg of beit at brynmóti í rauðtúnum gunntjalda ódyggrar aldar translated as Den brune sværdsæg bed i kampen i de slette mænds røde skjoldgærder ‘The brown sword-edge bit in battle in the despicable men’s red shield-fences’. That interpretation is not possible, because the expletive of (l. 3) is never separated from the verb (here: beit ‘bit’ (l. 1)).



Text is based on reconstruction from the base text and variant apparatus and may contain alternative spellings and other normalisations not visible in the manuscript text. Transcriptions may not have been checked and should not be cited.

editions and texts

Skj: Sturla Þórðarson, 5. Hrafnsmál 20: AII, 124, BII, 131, Skald II, 70-1, NN §1363; F 1871, 578, Hák 1977-82, 205, Flat 1860-8, III, 226.


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